Alphabet of human thoughtalphabet of human thoughts, alphabet of human thought process
The alphabet of human thought is a concept originally proposed by Gottfried Leibniz that provides a universal way to represent and analyze ideas and relationships by breaking down their component pieces All ideas are compounded from a very small number of simple ideas which can be represented by a unique character
- 1 Logic and the Universal Language
- 2 Semantic web implementation
- 3 See also
- 4 References
Logic and the Universal Language
Logic was Leibniz's earliest philosophic interest going back to his teens René Descartes had suggested that the lexicon of a universal language should consist of primitive elements The systematic combination of these elements, according to syntactical rules, would generate the infinite combinations of computational structures required to represent human language In this way Descartes and Leibniz were precursors to computational linguistics as defined by Noam Chomsky
In the early 18th century, Leibniz outlined his characteristica universalis, an artificial language in which grammatical and logical structure would coincide, which would allow reasoning to be reduced to calculation Leibniz acknowledged the work of Ramon Llull, particularly the Ars generalis ultima 1305, as one of the inspirations for this idea The basic elements of his characteristica would be pictographic characters representing unambiguously a limited number of elementary concepts Leibniz called the inventory of these concepts "the alphabet of human thought" There are quite a few mentions of the characteristica in Leibniz's writings, but he never set out any details save for a brief outline of some possible sentences in his Dissertation on the Art of Combinations
His main interest was what is known in modern logic as classification and composition In modern terminology Leibniz's alphabet was a proposal for an automated theorem prover or ontology classification reasoner written centuries before the technology to implement them
Semantic web implementation
In a speech by former CTO and co-founder of Metaweb Technologies, John Giannandrea acknowledges that Freebase was at least linked to the alphabet of human thought by Leibniz, if not an implementation of it
- Algebraic logic
- Natural semantic metalanguage
- Philosophical language
- Real Character
- ^ Geiger, Richard A; Rudzka-Ostyn, Brygida, eds 1993 Conceptualizations and mental processing in language International Cognitive Linguistics Conference 1 : 1989 : Duisburg Walter de Gruyter pp 25–26 ISBN 978-3-11-012714-0
- ^ Bunnin, Nicholas; Jiyuan Yu 2004 The Blackwell Dictionary of Western Philosophy Blackwell Publishing p 715 ISBN 978-1-4051-0679-5
- ^ Hatfield, Gary "René Descartes, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Summer 2014 Edition" http://platostanfordedu Stanford University Retrieved 12 July 2014 he offered a new vision of the natural world that continues to shape our thought today: a world of matter possessing a few fundamental properties and interacting according to a few universal laws External link in |website= help
- ^ Chomsky, Noam New Horizons in the Study of Language and Mind Kindle ed Cambridge University Press pp 425–428 ISBN 0521658225 I mentioned that modern generative grammar has sought to address concerns that animated the tradition; in particular, the Cartesian idea that "the true distinction" Descartes 1649/1927: 360 between humans and other creatures or machines is the ability to act in the manner they took to be most clearly illustrated in the ordinary use of language: without any finite limits, influenced but not determined by internal state, appropriate to situations but not caused by them, coherent and evoking thoughts that the hearer might have expressed, and so on The goal of the work I have been discussing is to unearth some of the factors that enter into such normal practice
- ^ Russell, LJ 1985 "Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm" In Paul Edwards The Encyclopedia of Philosophy Volumes 3 and 4 Macmillan Publishing pp 422–423 ASIN B0017IMQME his main emphasis was on classification, deduction was a natural consequence of combining classified items into new classes
- ^ "PARCForum Presentation by Giannandrea, J" YouTube min 37+ Retrieved 2015-10-30
See also: Logic machines in fiction and List of fictional computers
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