Alois Hundhammer 25 February 1900, Moos – 1 August 1974, Munich was one of the most prominent politicians in Bavaria after World War II
- 1 Early life
- 2 Nazi-era
- 3 Postwar
- 4 Further reading
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Alois Hundhammer, the first of thirteen children, was born to Alois and Maria Grill Hundhammer on 25 February 1900 on his parents’ farm in Moos His upbringing was heavily shaped by the country lifestyle and his parent's Catholic religion He attended the monastic school Scheyern Abbey and, despite his father's initial protest, the humanistic Dom-Gymnasium in Freising
Hundhammer's studies were interrupted in the summer of 1918 by World War I, in which he served briefly on the Western Front before enlisting in the Freikorps and taking part in the battle for Munich against the Bavarian Soviet Republic in April 1919 After the conclusion of fighting, he was able to begin studying history, philosophy, and economy at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich in the winter semester of 1919/1920 He married Adelheid Hillenbrand in 1923
Hundhammer received his doctorate in 1923 with a thesis entitled "Die Geschichte des Bayerischen Bauernbundes" "The History of the Bavarian Farmers' League He completed a second doctorate three years later with a work on "the agricultural trade association of Bavaria" In 1927 he became general secretary of the Upper Bavarian Christian Farmers Union Hundhammer became the youngest representative in the Bavarian Landtag after being elected in the state elections of 1932
As a politician in the Weimar Republic, Hundhammer became known as a campaigner for farmer's rights One of the results of his campaigning on behalf of the farming class was the published work Staatsbürgerliche Vorträge Civic Lectures in which he strongly rejected the tenets of National Socialism from a thoroughly Catholic viewpoint, labeling it the "new Germanic Hedonism"
Staatsbürgerliche Vorträge was banned by the Nazis in 1933, the same year in which Hundhammer along with fellow Bavarian People's Party BVP members were arrested by the Bavarian Political Police later: Gestapo After being arrested on 21 June 1933, Hundhammer was placed in the newly opened Dachau concentration camp on 29 June He was released on 22 July of the same year
After his release Hundhammer entered a shattered professional and economical existence His assets and attempts to find qualified work were both blocked by the Nazis, so he acquired a shoe-repair workshop in the fall of 1933 with the help of Father Rupert Mayer in order to continue providing for his growing family This workshop became a point of contact for former members of the BVP as well as current members of the Munich Catholic circle before being closed by the Gestapo in November 1937
Hundhammer avoided confrontation with the Nazis throughout the remainder of the Nazi-Era out of consideration for his family, which consisted of his wife and four sons by 1941 He was drafted into and served in the Wehrmacht from 1939 until 1944
Hundhammer met and developed relationships with numerous politically interested prisoners while in American captivity at the end of the war After being released in 1945, he worked with Karl Scharnagl, Josef Müller, and Fritz Schäffer to establish the Christian Social Union of Bavaria CSU As a result of his strong reputation as an opponent of the Nazis, Hundhammer experienced considerable success in building political strength He played a crucial role in the writing of the Bavarian Constitution and was directly responsible for writing the preamble
- Preamble to the Constitution of the Free State of Bavaria:
"Angesichts des Trümmerfeldes, zu dem eine Staats- und Gesellschaftsordnung ohne Gott, ohne Gewissen und ohne Achtung vor der Würde des Menschen die Überlebenden des zweiten Weltkrieges geführt hat, in dem festen Entschlusse, den kommenden deutschen Geschlechtern die Segnungen des Friedens, der Menschlichkeit und des Rechtes dauernd zu sichern, gibt sich das Bayerische Volk, eingedenk seiner mehr als tausendjährigen Geschichte, nachstehende demokratische Verfassung"
"Mindful of the physical devastation which the survivors of the Second World War were led into by a godless state and social order lacking in all conscience a respect for human dignity, firmly intending moreover to secure permanently for future German generations the blessing of peace, humanity, and law, and looking back over a thousand years and more of history, the Bavarian people hereby bestows upon itself the following democratic constitution"
Hundhammer was elected parliamentary group leader of the CSU in 1946 and remained in power until 1951 He also served as Staatsminister of Education and Culture From 1951 until 1954 he was president of the Landtag of Bavaria
In the years after the war, Hundhammer also remained particularly active in various Catholic associations He founded the Katholischer Männerverein Tuntenhausen in 1945, remained active in the Catholic student groups he had joined during his time at the university, and became a member of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre in 1957
Hundhammer died in Munich on 1 August 1974
- Braun, Oliver 2004 "Alois Hundhammer" Christliche Demokraten gegen Hitler: Aus Verfolgung und Widerstand zur Union Ed Buchstab, Günter; Kaff, Brigitte; Kleinmann, Hans-Otto Freiburg, Germany: Herder, 2004 p 304-312 Print mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflinkISBN 978-3-451-20805-8
- ^ Braun, Oliver 2004 "Alois Hundhammer" Christliche Demokraten gegen Hitler: Aus Verfolgung und Widerstand zur Union Ed Buchstab, Günter; Kaff, Brigitte; Kleinmann, Hans-Otto Freiburg, Germany: Herder, 2004 p 306 Print ISBN 978-3-451-20805-8
- ^ Braun p 306
- ^ Braun p306-307
- ^ Braun p308
- ^ Braun p309
- ^ Braun p309
- ^ "Hanns-Seidl-Stiftung: Oliver Braun: Konservative Existenz in der Moderne Katholische und konservative Politikgestaltung im Bayern des 20 Jahrhunderts – das Beispiel Alois Hundhammers, p7 PDF" PDF Archived from the original PDF on 2007-11-10 Retrieved 2011-06-17
- ^ Bavarian Constitution
- Newspaper clippings about Alois Hundhammer in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW
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