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Alliance, Ohio

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Alliance is a city in the US state of Ohio Most of the city is located in northeast Stark County while a small portion is in neighboring Mahoning County The population was 22,322 as of the 2010 census Alliance was established in 1854 by combining three smaller communities The city was a manufacturing and railroad hub for much of the 20th century and is also associated with the state flower of Ohio, the scarlet carnation, and is known as "The Carnation City" The University of Mount Union, a private liberal arts college established in 1846, is located in Alliance

Most of the city is part of the Canton–Massillon, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the small portion of the city in Mahoning County is within the Youngstown–Warren–Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area


  • 1 History
  • 2 Historical buildings
  • 3 Geography
  • 4 Demographics
    • 41 2010 census
    • 42 2000 census
  • 5 Transportation
  • 6 The Carnation City
  • 7 Notable people
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links


Alliance was founded in 1854 by the merger of three smaller communities called Williamsport formed in 1827, Freedom formed in 1838, and Liberty formed in 1850 A fourth community, Mount Union, was added in 1888 Alliance was incorporated as a city in 18896

There are two popular theories regarding the origin of the city's name One holds that it was chosen because of the "alliance" of three small settlements into a larger entity7 The other theory says the name reflects the fact that two major railroad lines the Cleveland and Wellsville Railroad and the Ohio and Pennsylvania Railroad intersected in Alliance, once known as "The Crossing"678

Alliance is a town where Main Street was originally laid out to bring traffic to the train station, the heart of the city's transportation hub The railroads were central to industry and personal transportation, bringing in raw materials for factories and sending out finished goods Due to this, Alliance is sometimes referred to as "The town where Main Street is a dead end"9

Historical buildingsedit

Alliance is a town rich with social, industrial and railroad history, with the restored Glamorgan Castle,10 previous home of the owner of Morgan Engineering, the Haines House, a restored underground railroad home, and the Mabel Hartzell historic home The name of Levi L Lamborn, the man who cultivated the scarlet carnation, Ohio's state flower, can still be seen on the facade of a building in the old downtown district The Richardsonian Romanesque stone house of the Devine family is currently being renovated The historic downtown area is experiencing a gradual renaissance, with the opening of a Saturday Farmers' Market on Main Street near the historic Caboose, and the renovation of a storefront on Main Street as an art gallery and live performance space, joining a scattering of antique shops and other businesses

The Cat Fanciers' Association relocated to the former Midland-Buckeye bank, at 260 East Main Street, in June 2011, opening the CFA Foundation's Feline Historical Museum, the first of its kind of the United States

Alliance was also home to the World War History & Art Museum, located in College Plaza at 1300 East State Street WWHAM had a dozen exhibits including a world class collection of 320 original paintings and drawings by the troops of World War I, an HO scale model of the German 2nd Panzer Division in 1944, and original art by the pilots and airmen of World War II It closed to the public on April 17, 2014 and now does traveling shows11


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 896 square miles 2321 km2, of which 892 square miles 2310 km2 is land and 004 square miles 010 km2 is water1 There are no lakes within city limits, although the Mahoning River flows through the northeast part of the city


Historical population
1840 315
1850 500 587%
1860 1,421 1842%
1870 4,063 1859%
1880 4,636 141%
1890 7,607 641%
1900 8,974 180%
1910 15,083 681%
1920 21,603 432%
1930 23,047 67%
1940 22,405 −28%
1950 26,161 168%
1960 28,362 84%
1970 26,547 −64%
1980 24,322 −84%
1990 23,376 −39%
2000 23,253 −05%
2010 22,322 −40%
Est 2016 21,900 −19%
US Decennial Census13

2010 censusedit

As of the census3 of 2010, there were 22,322 people, 8,631 households, and 5,232 families residing in the city The population density was 2,5025 inhabitants per square mile 9662/km2 There were 10,022 housing units at an average density of 1,1235 per square mile 4338/km2 The racial makeup of the city was 846% White, 105% African American, 02% Native American, 08% Asian, 05% from other races, and 34% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19% of the population

There were 8,631 households of which 298% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 376% were married couples living together, 171% had a female householder with no husband present, 59% had a male householder with no wife present, and 394% were non-families 320% of all households were made up of individuals and 136% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 238 and the average family size was 296

The median age in the city was 353 years 22% of residents were under the age of 18; 161% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 224% were from 25 to 44; 239% were from 45 to 64; and 157% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the city was 479% male and 521% female

2000 censusedit

As of the census5 of 2000, there were 23,253 people, 8,908 households, and 5,665 families residing in the city The population density was 2,7001 people per square mile 1,0427/km2 There were 9,730 housing units at an average density of 1,1298 per square mile 4363/km2 The racial makeup of the city was 8551% White, 1119% African American, 017% Native American, 077% Asian, 002% Pacific Islander, 041% from other races, and 193% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 117% of the population

There were 8,908 households out of which 285% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 442% were married couples living together, 149% had a female householder with no husband present, and 364% were non-families 308% of all households were made up of individuals and 141% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 241 and the average family size was 298

In the city, the population was spread out with 235% under the age of 18, 155% from 18 to 24, 248% from 25 to 44, 201% from 45 to 64, and 162% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 34 years For every 100 females there were 875 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 833 males

The median income for a household in the city was $30,078, and the median income for a family was $37,011 Males had a median income of $31,033 versus $20,063 for females The per capita income for the city was $15,185 About 127% of families and 180% of the population were below the poverty line, including 268% of those under age 18 and 107% of those age 65 or over


Alliance is served by daily Amtrak train service by the Capitol Limited Alliance Station is at 820 East Main Street The municipality is also served by the Stark Area Regional Transit Authority SARTA bus system

The Carnation Cityedit

Alliance is commonly referred to as the Carnation City, having been given that designation by the Ohio General Assembly in 195914 Alliance gave Ohio its official state flower, the scarlet carnation Alliance's association with the carnation began in 1866 when an Alliance doctor, Levi L Lamborn, purchased six potted carnation plants to grow in a greenhouse at his house At that time this flower was rarely cultivated in the United States In 1876 Lamborn ran against William McKinley for the Congressional seat from this district The two men were personal friends, although they were political opponents McKinley had expressed his admiration for Lamborn's carnations, so before each of their political debates Lamborn gave McKinley a carnation to wear on his lapel Mr McKinley won the election and associated the carnation with his success, and wore carnations during his successful campaigns for Governor of Ohio and then President of the United States14

In 1884 Lamborn suggested that Ohio should make the carnation a state emblem In 1904, three years after President McKinley's assassination, the Ohio General Assembly designated the scarlet carnation as the official state flower as a "token of love and reverence to the memory of William McKinley" On 29 January of each year President McKinley's birth anniversary, a bouquet of red carnations is placed in the hands of McKinley's statue at the Capitol in Columbus14

Every year since 1960 Alliance has held a Carnation Festival15 during August

Notable peopleedit

  • Charles Armstrong, virologist16
  • Herman Carr, physicist and pioneer of magnetic resonance imaging
  • Len Dawson, 1987 Pro Football Hall of Fame inductee
  • William Miller Jenkins, 5th Governor of Oklahoma Territory
  • Perry King, actor, star of Riptide
  • Levi L Lamborn, doctor, horticulturalist, and politician who lived in the city Grew carnations and urged the state of Ohio to make the scarlet carnation the state flower
  • Don Panoz, pharmaceutical and motorsport entrepreneur17
  • Ivan Sag, linguist and cognitive scientist
  • Lorin B Sebrell, rubber chemist18
  • Ken Blackwell, Mayor of Cincinnati


  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2012-01-24 Retrieved 2013-01-06 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names" United States Geological Survey 2007-10-25 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2013-01-06 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-06-17 Retrieved 2013-06-17 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  6. ^ a b Incorporation of Alliance Archived 2008-08-27 at the Wayback Machine, Rodman Public Library website accessed 3 February 2008
  7. ^ a b City of Alliance website Archived 2008-02-13 at the Wayback Machine accessed 3 February 2008
  8. ^ Alliance, Ohio FAQ
  9. ^ "A Short History of Alliance, Ohio" Alliance Historical Society Retrieved 30 November 2014 
  10. ^ "Glamorgan Castle History and Events" Alliance City Schools Retrieved 30 November 2014 permanent dead link
  11. ^ "World War History and Art Museum" Retrieved 30 November 2014 
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2015 
  14. ^ a b c Dr Lamborn's Carnations Archived 2007-02-04 at the Wayback Machine, Rodman Public Library website accessed 3 February 2008
  15. ^ Greater Alliance Carnation Festival website
  16. ^ Beeman, Edward 2007 "Charles Armstrong, MD: A Biography" PDF Retrieved 26 October 2011 
  17. ^ "Honorary Degrees" West Virginia University Retrieved 21 June 2017 
  18. ^ Price, Mark J April 20, 2009 "Local History: Chemists Form Bonds for Science" Akron Beacon Journal 

External linksedit

  • City of Alliance
  • Alliance Chamber of Commerce
  • Alliance City Schools
  • Stark County Convention & Visitors Bureau
  •  "Alliance, a city of Stark county, Ohio, U S A" Encyclopædia Britannica 11th ed 1911 

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