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Allenstown, New Hampshire

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Allenstown is a town in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 4,322 at the 2010 census1 Allenstown includes a portion of the village of Suncook Just over one-half of the town's area is covered by Bear Brook State Park


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links


Allenstown takes its name from 17th-century provincial governor Samuel Allen It was granted in 1721 but not incorporated until 2 July 18312 A part of neighboring Bow was annexed to Allenstown in 1815, and a portion of Hooksett was annexed in 185334

Most of the town's earliest settlement occurred in the eastern part of town along Deerfield Road, around the area now mostly occupied by Bear Brook State Park Following the Civil War, the town's population shifted from the east to the west part of town, centered around the confluence of the Merrimack and Suncook Rivers, in an area now known as Suncook5

Railroads were instrumental to the development of Allenstown First, a branch of the Concord and Portsmouth Railroad running to Hooksett arrived in the late 1850s, followed by the Suncook Valley Railroad in 1869, which first ran to Pittsfield and later, to Center Barnstead Two railroad stations existed in Allenstown: one in Suncook village, along what is now Canal Street, and the other in the northern part of town, along what is now Verville Road6

Allenstown, at the junction of the Suncook and Merrimack Rivers, proved a prime location in which to harness the rivers' power for manufacturing The China Mill, the only large textile mill built in the Allenstown part of Suncook, was built in 18687 At this time, a large amount of French Canadians, mostly from Quebec, began emigrating to the area to work in the mills Eventually, Suncook became one of many New England industrial villages known to locals as "le petit Canada"8

In 2006, Allenstown was hit hard by the Mother's Day Flood More than 10 inches of rainfall caused the Suncook River to overflow, inundating homes, roads, and other low-lying areas As a result of the flood, 14 flood-prone homes in Allenstown were bought out with federal money and demolished in order to avoid more flooding and evacuations in the future9


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 204 square miles 528 km2, of which 203 square miles 526 km2 is land and 01 square miles 03 km2 is water, comprising 054% of the town10 The highest point in Allenstown is Bear Hill, at 835 feet 255 m above sea level Allenstown lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed11

Allenstown is bordered to the north by Epsom, to the east by Deerfield in Rockingham County, at its southeast corner by Candia in Rockingham County, to the south by Hooksett, to the west across the Merrimack River by Bow, and to the northwest across the Suncook River by Pembroke

Bear Brook State Park occupies 6,740 acres 273 km2 in the center of town, extending from the town's northern corner to its southern corner An additional 3,200 acres 13 km2 of the park are in the neighboring towns of Deerfield, Candia, and Hooksett12


Historical population
1790 254
1800 315 240%
1810 346 98%
1820 433 251%
1830 421 −28%
1840 455 81%
1850 526 156%
1860 414 −213%
1870 804 942%
1880 1,707 1123%
1890 1,475 −136%
1900 1,496 14%
1910 1,457 −26%
1920 1,213 −167%
1930 1,549 277%
1940 1,673 80%
1950 1,540 −79%
1960 1,789 162%
1970 2,732 527%
1980 4,398 610%
1990 4,649 57%
2000 4,843 42%
2010 4,322 −108%
Est 2015 4,285 −09%
US Decennial Census14

As of the census15 of 2000, there were 4,843 people, 1,902 households, and 1,253 families residing in the town The population density was 2359 people per square mile 911/km² There were 1,962 housing units at an average density of 956 per square mile 369/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9783% White, 050% African American, 023% Native American, 037% Asian, 027% from other races, and 081% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 118% of the population

There were 1,902 households out of which 346% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 507% were married couples living together, 100% had a female householder with no husband present, and 341% were non-families 272% of all households were made up of individuals and 113% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 253 and the average family size was 306

In the town, the population was spread out with 273% under the age of 18, 67% from 18 to 24, 343% from 25 to 44, 211% from 45 to 64, and 106% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 36 years For every 100 females there were 937 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 900 males

The median income for a household in the town was $41,958, and the median income for a family was $51,659 Males had a median income of $35,520 versus $25,430 for females The per capita income for the town was $18,851 About 22% of families and 39% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38% of those under age 18 and 47% of those age 65 or over

See alsoedit

  • Bear Brook murders


  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ http://gedcomindexcom/Reference/New_Hampshire_1875/050html Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire 1875
  3. ^ "Town of Hooksett Brief History" Retrieved 2011-02-18 
  4. ^ "Merrimack County History and Genealogy" Retrieved 2011-02-18 
  5. ^ http://allenstown-altmafwarecom/historical-society/Allenstown-historical-societypdf
  6. ^ Martel, Carol 2008 Suncook Village Arcadia ISBN 9780738557526 
  7. ^ http://wwwrbs0com/suncookhtm
  8. ^ Martel, Carol 2008 Suncook Village Arcadia ISBN 9780738557526 
  9. ^ http://wwwnhbrcom/August-29-2008/Money-for-flood-victims-in-Allenstown-surprising/
  10. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Allenstown town, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved November 14, 2011 
  11. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  12. ^ "New Hampshire GRANIT database: Conservation Lands" Archived from the original on 7 June 2008 Retrieved 2008-06-05 
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Allenstown official website
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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