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Allen County, Ohio

allen county ohio clerk of court records, allen county ohio recorder's office
Allen County is a county in the US state of Ohio As of the 2010 census, the population was 106,3311 The county seat is Lima2 The county was created in 1820 and organized in 18313 The county is named for Colonel John Allen, who was killed leading his men at the Battle of Frenchtown, during the War of 1812 It has also been claimed the county was named for Revolutionary War soldier Ethan Allen,4 but the weight of the evidence in favor of John Allen led the General Assembly to declare in 1976 that the county was named for him5

Allen County comprises the Lima, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also part of the Lima-Van Wert-Wapakoneta, OH Combined Statistical Area

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Allen County Fair
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Communities
    • 51 Cities
    • 52 Villages
    • 53 Townships
    • 54 Census-designated places
    • 55 Other unincorporated communities
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

Under the terms of the Treaty of Greenville signed in 1795, northwestern Ohio was reserved for Native Americans Thus the area now comprising Allen County was off-limits to European settlement until the Treaty of Maumee Rapids in 18176 Under the terms of this treaty, the Shawnee tribe was assigned reservations at Wapakonetta and at their "Hog Creek" settlement along the Ottawa River which comprised most of what is the present-day Shawnee Township The latter treaty opened the way for the Ohio Legislature on March 1, 1820 to create fourteen counties, including Allen,6 which was defined as Ranges 5 through 8 east and Towns 3 through 6 south

The first permanent settlement within Allen County's present day bounds took place in 1824, when Christopher S Wood and his family settled in section 7 of Bath Township7 The organization of Bath Township predates that of Allen County, with its first township meeting held on March 2, 1829citation needed On Feb 12, 1829, an act of the legislature set aside land for a "county town"8 Wood was appointed commissioner to determine the location of this "seat of justice" for Allen County This was done on March 3, 1831, with Wood appointed as Town Director He laid out plots of land to be sold in section 31 of Bath Township,9 and the plat was filed April 20, 1831, creating what was the beginning of the city of Lima

Allen County organization's dates from the first meeting of the county commissioners, held on June 6, 1831 Present at this meeting were Commissioners James Daniels, John G Wood, and Samuel Stewart Also present was William G Wood, county auditor; Adam White, county treasurer; and Henry Lippincott, sheriff10

The first court of justice was held in August 1831,10 and it is believed the assembly of men, in informal session, selected the name for the seat of justice by drawing names from a hatcitation needed The meeting was held at the cabin of James Daniels, which was on the bank of the Ottawa River near the current location of Market Street10 Patrick G Goode of Montgomery County, special prosecuting attorney at that session, is given creditcitation needed for having offered up the name of "Lima" capital of Peru and source of the quinine used to treat the malaria prevalent in the area of the Great Black Swamp At the County Commission session on June 6, 1831, the formation of a second township, Jackson, was approved10

In 1832 the Shawnees, including those living in the Hog Creek reservation present day Shawnee Township, were removed to eastern Kansas They received payment of $30 000 in fifteen annual installments for their lands which had an estimated value of over $200 000 at that time11 They arrived at their new home with few provisions and immediately suffered an epidemic of cholera11

Lima was established as a village in 1841, and the town of Lima was organized March 29, 1842 Henry DeVilliers Williams was elected the first mayor and Amos Clutter was elected the first town marshalcitation needed

In 1848, Allen County's boundaries changed with a reorganization that created Auglaize County, Ohio from the southern half of the original county Town 2S, Range 7E Monroe Twp; Town 2S, Range 8E Richland Twp; the southern half of Town 2S, Range 5E, and the southern half of Town 2S, Range 6E Sugar Creek Twp were transferred from Putnam County to Allen County Parts of Van Wert and Mercer Counties were also transferred to Allen to form Spencer Township and part of Marion Township In May, 1853, Allen and Putnam Counties agreed on a cash settlement for Putnam's loss12

There were several practical implications of these changes to the boundaries of Allen County Lima, the county seat, became near the county's center, rather than in the northern quarter The county's western part gained a significant stretch of the Miami and Erie Canal, which was completed in 1845 The reorganization also brought the towns of Spencerville, laid out in 1844 on the canal,13 and Bluffton within the bounds of the county

In 1885, oil was discovered in Lima This began a boom in Allen County which lasted until after 1910

Allen County Fairedit

One of Allen County's notable annual events is its County Fair Run every August in Lima since 1851, the Fair is among Western Ohio's foremost agricultural showcasing events In 2005, there were over 220,000 visitors and almost 3,000 exhibitors, making it the largest in the state

The fair attracted many nationally known performers during the 1980s and 1990s, and combined with significant renovations to the county show grounds, these factors led to a marked increase in attendance and notoriety over the past two decades14

Geographyedit

Allen County townships

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 407 square miles 1,050 km2, of which 402 square miles 1,040 km2 is land and 44 square miles 11 km2 11% is water15

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Putnam County north
  • Hancock County northeast
  • Hardin County east
  • Auglaize County south
  • Van Wert County west

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1830 578
1840 9,079 1,4708%
1850 12,109 334%
1860 19,185 584%
1870 23,623 231%
1880 31,314 326%
1890 40,644 298%
1900 47,976 180%
1910 56,580 179%
1920 68,223 206%
1930 69,419 18%
1940 73,303 56%
1950 88,183 203%
1960 103,691 176%
1970 111,144 72%
1980 112,241 10%
1990 109,755 −22%
2000 108,743 −09%
2010 106,331 −22%
Est 2016 103,742 −24%
US Decennial Census17
1790-196018 1900-199019
1990-200020 2010-20131

2000 censusedit

As of the census21 of 2000, there were 108,473 people, 40,646 households, and 28,208 families residing in the county The population density was 268 people per square mile 104/km² There were 44,245 housing units at an average density of 109 per square mile 42/km² The racial makeup of the county was 8495% White, 1219% Black or African American, 021% Native American, 055% Asian, 001% Pacific Islander, 063% from other races, and 145% from two or more races 142% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 338% were of German, 142% American, 88% Irish and 66% English ancestry according to Census 2000

There were 40,646 households out of which 3290% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5300% were married couples living together, 1240% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3060% were non-families 2630% of all households were made up of individuals and 1120% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 252 and the average family size was 305

In the county, the population was spread out with 2590% under the age of 18, 990% from 18 to 24, 2760% from 25 to 44, 2240% from 45 to 64, and 1420% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 36 years For every 100 females there were 10000 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9800 males

The median income for a household in the county was $37,048, and the median income for a family was $44,723 Males had a median income of $35,546 versus $23,537 for females The per capita income for the county was $17,511 About 960% of families and 1210% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1700% of those under age 18 and 960% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 106,331 people, 40,619 households, and 26,982 families residing in the county22 The population density was 2642 inhabitants per square mile 1020/km2 There were 44,999 housing units at an average density of 1118 per square mile 432/km223 The racial makeup of the county was 838% white, 119% black or African American, 07% Asian, 02% American Indian, 08% from other races, and 26% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 24% of the population22 In terms of ancestry, 347% were German, 126% were Irish, 97% were American, and 71% were English24

Of the 40,619 households, 317% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 480% were married couples living together, 138% had a female householder with no husband present, 336% were non-families, and 278% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 247 and the average family size was 301 The median age was 383 years22

The median income for a household in the county was $43,632 and the median income for a family was $55,549 Males had a median income of $43,277 versus $31,148 for females The per capita income for the county was $21,713 About 120% of families and 163% of the population were below the poverty line, including 251% of those under age 18 and 68% of those age 65 or over25

Politicsedit

Although strongly Democratic up to World War I, when the only Democrat to lose the county was Alton B Parker in 1904, Allen County has since become a very solid Republican county Along with Delaware, Fulton, Hancock and Union, it was one of five Ohio counties to remain loyal to Barry Goldwater in 1964, and the last Democrat to carry the county was Franklin Roosevelt in his 1936 landslide26

Presidential Elections Results27
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 659% 30,487 288% 13,294 53% 2,453
2012 610% 29,502 371% 17,914 19% 925
2008 593% 29,940 387% 19,522 21% 1,033
2004 661% 32,580 334% 16,470 04% 206
2000 654% 28,647 320% 13,996 26% 1,152
1996 554% 24,325 353% 15,529 93% 4,094
1992 535% 25,322 291% 13,777 174% 8,251
1988 690% 31,021 305% 13,727 05% 227
1984 730% 33,506 265% 12,176 05% 229
1980 658% 29,070 298% 13,140 44% 1,944
1976 606% 23,721 374% 14,627 21% 819
1972 700% 26,966 264% 10,184 36% 1,393
1968 603% 23,124 287% 10,994 110% 4,231
1964 512% 19,897 488% 18,990
1960 655% 28,007 345% 14,725
1956 702% 28,388 298% 12,042
1952 651% 26,396 349% 14,139
1948 567% 17,380 429% 13,161 04% 127
1944 626% 21,024 374% 12,564
1940 588% 20,675 412% 14,469
1936 449% 15,079 491% 16,500 60% 2,013
1932 460% 14,678 522% 16,676 18% 576
1928 682% 20,693 312% 9,462 06% 182
1924 618% 15,711 290% 7,378 92% 2,348
1920 536% 13,978 447% 11,658 17% 446
1916 404% 5,713 559% 7,905 37% 522
1912 223% 2,638 482% 5,696 295% 3,481
1908 431% 5,841 531% 7,195 38% 521
1904 525% 6,091 429% 4,980 46% 532
1900 439% 5,281 544% 6,540 16% 197
1896 430% 4,959 555% 6,394 15% 176
1892 386% 3,579 533% 4,945 82% 761
1888 411% 3,761 559% 5,123 30% 274
1884 427% 3,372 562% 4,442 11% 89
1880 424% 2,906 568% 3,890 07% 51
1876 412% 2,481 585% 3,518 03% 18
1872 446% 2,010 547% 2,463 07% 33

Communitiesedit

Municipalities and townships of Allen County

Citiesedit

  • Delphos part
  • Lima county seat

Villagesedit

  • Beaverdam
  • Bluffton part
  • Cairo
  • Elida
  • Harrod
  • Lafayette
  • Spencerville

Townshipsedit

  • Amanda
  • American
  • Auglaize
  • Bath
  • Jackson
  • Marion
  • Monroe
  • Perry
  • Richland
  • Shawnee
  • Spencer
  • Sugar Creek

Census-designated placesedit

  • Fort Shawnee

Other unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Allentown
  • Conant
  • Gomer
  • Hume
  • Kemp
  • Landeck
  • Maysville
  • Needmore
  • Oakview
  • Rockport
  • Rousculp
  • Scotts Crossing
  • Slabtown
  • South Warsaw
  • Southworth
  • West Newton
  • Westminster
  • Yoder

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on July 6, 2011 Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on May 31, 2011 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies" Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries The Newberry Library 2007 Retrieved February 12, 2015 
  4. ^ Wood, Helen Winemiller 1975 The Naming of Allen County: The Story of Colonel John Allen in the War of 1812 Lima, Ohio: Longmeier Printing & Advertising 
  5. ^ Resolution of 111th Ohio General Assembly designating John Allen as the person for which Allen County was named
  6. ^ a b Harrison, R H 1880 Atlas of Allen County, Ohio from Records and Original Surveys Philadelphia: RH Harrison p 20 
  7. ^ History of Allen County, Ohio Chicago: Warner, Beers & Company 1885 pp 417–418 
  8. ^ Knapp, H S 1875 History of Allen County in Historical Atlas of Allen County, Ohio Chicago: HH Hardesty & Co p 19 
  9. ^ Harrison, R H 1880 Atlas of Allen County, Ohio from Records and Original Surveys Philadelphia: RH Harrison pp 33 1⁄4 
  10. ^ a b c d Knapp, H S 1875 History of Allen County in Historical Atlas of Allen County, Ohio Chicago: HH Hardesty & Co p 15 
  11. ^ a b Harrison, R H 1880 Atlas of Allen County, Ohio from Records and Original Surveys Philadelphia: RH Harrison p 19 
  12. ^ History of Allen County, Ohio Chicago: Warner, Beers & Company 1885 pp 280–281 
  13. ^ Harrison, R H 1880 Atlas of Allen County, Ohio from Records and Original Surveys Philadelphia: RH Harrison p 30 
  14. ^ "Allen County Fair" Archived from the original on 2 April 2007 Retrieved 2007-04-05 
  15. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Archived from the original on May 4, 2014 Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  16. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  17. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  18. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  19. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  20. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 7, 2015 
  21. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  22. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  23. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  24. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  25. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  26. ^ Menendez, Albert J; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp 274-279 ISBN 0786422173
  27. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS

External linksedit

  • Allen County Government's website
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

Coordinates: 40°46′N 84°07′W / 4077°N 8411°W / 4077; -8411

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