Alfred Frauenfeldalfred eduard frauenfeld, alfred frauenfeld
Alfred Eduard Frauenfeld 18 May 1898 in Vienna – 10 May 1977 in Hamburg was an Austrian Nazi leader An engineer by occupation, he was associated with the pro-Nazi Germany wing of Austrian Nazism
- 1 Activism in Austria
- 2 Under the Nazis
- 3 Post-war activity
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Activism in Austria
Frauenfeld was the son of a privy councillor and during the First World War he served on the Italian front as an Officer Candidate in the rank of a sergeant with the pay grade of a lance corporal with the kuk Fliegerkompanie Nr 48 Working variously as a mason and a bank clerk, Frauenfeld was initially a member of the Christian Social Party
However Frauenfeld first came to prominence in the politics of Vienna, initially in Hermann Hiltl's movement, before becoming a highly influential figure amongst the city's Nazis during the late 1920s He seems to have joined the Austrian Nazi Party in August 1929 and very quickly took on the role of bezirksleiter for his district of Vienna He was confirmed by Adolf Hitler as Nazi Gauleiter in Vienna in 1930 In this role he became hugely active, organising over 1000 propaganda meetings in three years and founding a party newspaper Der Kampfruf with his own money in 1930, before ultimately running four Nazi dailies and four weeklies Under his command the Nazis became an important force in Vienna, winning almost ten times as many votes in the 1932 elections as they did in 1930 From a few hundred members when he took over, Frauenfeld had expanded the Viennese party to 40,000 members by 1934 Frauenfeld's success saw him considered for the post of leader of the Austrian Nazi Party in 1931, although ultimately Theodor Habicht was chosen for the role by Gregor Strasser on Hitler's advice Despite his success as an organiser Frauenfeld also had a reputation for a domineering and impolite temperament, something which ensured a frosty relationship with other leading Austrian Nazis Josef Leopold and Alfred Proksch
Frauenfeld became associated with the terrorist activities of the Nazis within Austria and in June 1933 he was held at Wöllersdorf internment camp He was also closely involved with Habicht in the abortive putsch of 1934 Engelbert Dollfuss had actually offered Frauenfeld a cabinet post in May 1934 in an attempt to avoid rebellion but he refused the offer and went to Germany to become involved in the plot He would remain in Germany after the plot failed and in 1936 was appointed to the Reichstag as member for Düsseldorf East
Under the Nazis
Following the Anschluss, of which Frauenfeld had long been an advocate, the popular local was a leading choice for the role of Gauleiter of Vienna However, in what proved to be a fraught selection process Frauenfeld lost out to Odilo Globocnik, an old rival from Carinthia He was not sidelined completely however and found a number of positions within the Nazi administration He was something of a patron of the arts and enjoyed a close relationship with the conductor Clemens Krauss and had also been an actor and so within the Reich Chamber of Culture Frauenfeld served as managing director of the Theatre Chamber
Later he served under Erich Koch as the General Commissar for Crimea and in this role Prof Dietrich Orlow grouped him along with the Commissar for Belarus Wilhelm Kube as being a "rehab" - that is to say Nazis who had fallen from grace but were able to make a comeback in the eastern administration Frauenfeld did not share the ruthlessness of Koch and the Austrian's unwillingness to follow a policy of brutality towards the local population led to a series of public spats between the two men Whilst his time in charge saw a surprisingly high level of co-operation between the occupation government and the local administration, it has been argued that this was more the work of Erich von Manstein and that Frauenfeld instead spent most of his time in the Crimea trying to prove the Gothic origins of local culture He had also hoped to transfer the South Tyrolean population to the region in order to unite them with their kin as a common Nazi belief suggested that the German inhabitants of South Tyrol were descendants of Goths Frauenfeld further wished to settle the Volga Germans and the Russian Germans of North America to the peninsula Frauenfeld's role had originally been intended for his fellow Austrian Josef Leopold although his death left the position open He re-emerged in Vienna in 1945 as an official spokesman for the Gau
Frauenfeld, who finished the war in Germany, was sentenced in absentia to 15 years imprisonment by a Vienna court in 1947 According to a German secret service report on 22 July 1949 Fraunefeld joined a secret "Bruderschaft" of crypto-neo Nazis in Hamburg where he was manager of a building firm He also was close to Gustav Adolf Scheel who was active in similar secret societies He was arrested in February 1953 for his plotting against the government although a lack of evidence saw the charges dismissed He lived out his days in Hamburg, dying in 1977
- ^ Tibor Frank, Discussing Hitler: advisers of US diplomacy in Central Europe, 1934-1941, 2003, p 227
- ^ a b c Philip Rees, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890, Simon & Schuster, 1990, p 136
- ^ RJB Bosworth, The Oxford Handbook of Fascism, Oxford University Press, 2009, p 442
- ^ a b c d e F Parkinson, Conquering the past: Austrian Nazism yesterday & today, 1989, p 38
- ^ a b c d e f g Rees, Biographical Dictionary, p 137
- ^ Jonathan Petropoulos, The Faustian bargain: the art world in Nazi Germany, 2000, p 175
- ^ F Parkinson, Conquering the past: Austrian Nazism yesterday & today, 1989, p 44
- ^ Joseph Poprzeczny, Odilo Globocnik, Hitler's man in the East, 2004, p 63
- ^ Michael H Kater, The Twisted Muse: Musicians and Their Music in the Third Reich, 1999, p 52
- ^ Marion Kant, Hitler's dancers: German modern dance and the Third Reich, 2003, p 314
- ^ Dietrich Orlow, The History of the Nazi Party Volume 2 1933-1945, David & Charles, 1973, p 387
- ^ Alan W Fisher, The Crimean Tatars, 1978, p 156
- ^ Heather Pringle, The Master Plan: Himmler's Scholars and the Holocaust, Hyperion, 2006, p 229
- ^ Joseph Poprzeczny, Odilo Globocnik, Hitler's man in the East, McFarland, 2004, p 392
- ^ Alex J Kay, Exploitation, Resettlement, Mass Murder, 2005, p 93
- ^ F Parkinson, Conquering the past: Austrian Nazism yesterday & today, 1989, p 334
- ^ Ernst Klee, Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich Wer war was vor und nach 1945 2 Auflage, Frankfurt aM 2007, p 162
- Newspaper clippings about Alfred Frauenfeld in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW
alfred eduard frauenfeld, alfred frauenfeld
Alfred Frauenfeld Information about
Alfred Frauenfeld viewing the topic.
There are excerpts from wikipedia on this article and video
Our site has a system which serves search engine function.
You can search all data in our system with above button which written "What did you look for? "
Welcome to our simple, stylish and fast search engine system.
We have prepared this method why you can reach most accurate and most up to date knowladge. The search engine that developed for you transmits you to the latest and exact information with its basic and quick system.
You can find nearly everything data which found from internet with this system.