Alexander von Schleinitz
Alexander Gustav Adolf Graf von Schleinitz born 29 December 1807 in Blankenburg am Harz; died 19 February 1885 in Berlin was the Foreign Minister of Prussia from 1858 to 1861 and minister for the royal household from late 1861 to his death
- 1 Life
- 11 Early years
- 12 Political career
- 2 Marriage
- 3 Notes
- 4 Sources
He came from an old aristocratic family from the Margraviate of Meissen that was elevated to the rank of Reichsfreiherr already in the 16th century; his father was the Regierungspräsident of Blankenburg, and later minister of state in the Duchy of Brunswick, Karl Ferdinand Freiherr von Schleinitz 1756-1837; his mother was Barbara von Hochstetter 1768-1819 He was the brother of the minister of state of Brunswick, Wilhelm von Schleinitz 1794-1856, and of the Prussian Regierungspräsident Julius von Schleinitz 1806-1865
Schleinitz studied in Göttingen and Berlin, and joined the Prussian civil service in 1828 In 1835 he became an embassy attaché, in 1841 he was made an Expert Councillor Vortragender Rat in the foreign ministry In July 1848 he replaced Heinrich Alexander von Arnim as Foreign Minister, thus joining the government of Gottfried Ludolf Camphausen However, after a few days he resigned from his post, and subsequently represented Prussia at the court of Hannover
In May 1849 he negotiated the peace treaty with Denmark, and in July 1849 once again took up the position of Foreign Minister in the government of Friedrich Wilhelm, Count Brandenburg However, since his German patriotic views were not compatible with the way Prussian politics was developing, he retired from public service on 26 September 1850 as a Wirklicher Geheimer Rat, and from then lived near Koblenz in close contact with the court of the Prince of Prussia, and at Schloss Gebesee in Thuringia
After the Prince-Regent, the later King and Emperor Wilhelm I, assumed control of the government, Schleinitz, who was one of the King's closest confidants, once again took over the Foreign Ministry, in the Prince-Regent's government of the "New Era" that was called together in November 1858 The main tenets of his foreign policy were the attempt to form an alliance with England and Austria, the maintenance of the balance of power in Europe and a strengthening of Prussia's role in Germany The domestic problems of the liberal government moved him to leave the government in October 1861 and take over the Ministry of the Royal Household, where he remained to his death in 1885 From then onwards he was the arch-enemy of Otto von Bismarck, who became Prime Minister of Prussia in 1862 Prussian Liberals, as well as Bismarck himself at times saw the Household Ministry as a "Counter-Government" of Queen Augusta, to the King's conservative government
On the occasion of the Emperor's and Empress' golden wedding anniversary, Schleinitz and his wife were elevated to the rank of Graf Count on 11 June 1879
From 1865, Alexander von Schleinitz was married to Marie von Buch 1842-1912, who was 35 years younger than he was As Gräfin Schleinitz she became the most important salonière of the time in Berlin Along with "Mimi", as she was known, he championed Richard Wagner and the Bayreuth Festival
They had no children Their joint grave, which has not been preserved, is in the Trinity Church Cemetery No 1 in Berlin
Regarding personal names: Until 1919, Graf was a title, translated as Count, not a first or middle name The female form is Gräfin In Germany since 1919, it forms part of family names
- Bastian Peiffer, Alexander von Schleinitz und die preußische Außenpolitik 1858-1861 Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt am Main/Berlin/Bern/Bruxelles/New York/Oxford/Wien 2012, mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflinkISBN 978-3-631-62354-1
- Otto von Bismarck: Gedanken und Erinnerungen, ed Ernst Friedlaender Stuttgart 1959
- Otto Freiherr von Schleinitz ed: Aus den Papieren der Familie v Schleinitz Mit einer Vorbemerkung von Fedor von Zobeltitz Berlin 1904
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