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Al-Baladhuri

ahmad ibn-jabir al-baladhuri, who was al-baladhuri
ʾAḥmad Ibn Yaḥyā al-Balādhurī Arabic: أحمد بن يحيى بن جابر البلاذري‎‎ was a 9th-century Persian3 or Arab34 historian One of the eminent Middle Eastern historians of his age, he spent most of his life in Baghdad and enjoyed great influence at the court of the caliph al-Mutawakkil He traveled in Syria and Iraq, compiling information for his major works

His full name was Ahmad Bin Yahya Bin Jabir Al-Baladhuri Arabic: أحمد بن يحيى بن جابر البلاذري‎‎, Balazry Ahmad Bin Yahya Bin Jabir Abul Hasan5 or Abi al-Hassan Baladhuri6

Contents

  • 1 Biography
  • 2 Works
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Biographyedit

A Persian by birth, though his sympathies seem to have been strongly with the Arabs, for Masudi refers to one of his works in which he rejects Baladhuri's condemnation of non-Arab nationalism Shu'ubiyya2

He lived at the court of the caliphs al-Mutawakkil and Al-Musta'in and was tutor to the son of al-Mutazz He died in 892 as the result of a drug called baladhur hence his name2 Baladhur is Semecarpus anacardium, known as the "marking nut"; medieval Arabic and Jewish writers describe it as a memory-enhancer 7

Worksedit

His chief extant work, a condensation of a longer history, Kitab Futuh al-Buldan فتوح البلدان, "Book of the Conquests of Lands", translated by Phillip Hitti 1916 and Francis Clark Murgotten 1924 in The Origins of the Islamic State, tells of the wars and conquests of the Arabs from the 7th century, and the terms made with the residents of the conquered territories It covers the conquests of lands from Arabia west to Egypt, North Africa, and Spain and east to Iraq, Iran, and Sind

His history, in turn, was much used by later writers Ansab al-Ashraf أنساب الأشراف, “Lineage of the Nobles”, also extant, is a biographical work in genealogical order devoted to the Arab aristocracy, from Muhammad and his contemporaries to the Umayyad and Abbāsid caliphs It contains histories of the reigns of rulers8

His discussions of the rise and fall of powerful dynasties provide a political moral His commentaries on methodology are sparse, other than assertions of accuracy9

See alsoedit

  • List of Iranian scholars
  • List of Islamic scholars

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Translation of Futuh al-Buldan by Hitti
  2. ^ a b c  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed 1911 "Balādhurī" Encyclopædia Britannica 3 11th ed Cambridge University Press p 233 
  3. ^ a b Gholamali Haddad Adel; Mohammad Jafar Elmi; Hassan Taromi-Rad 31 January 2013 Historians of the Islamic World: Selected Entries from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam EWI Press pp 2– ISBN 978-1-908433-12-1 
  4. ^ Bosworth, C E "BALĀḎORĪ" ENCYCLOPÆDIA IRANICA Retrieved 22 November 2016 
  5. ^ Salaam Knowledge
  6. ^ Answering-Ansarorg :: Fadak; The property of Fatima al-Zahra as
  7. ^ Bos, Gerrit: " 'Baladhur' Marking-Nut: A Popular Medieval Drug for Strengthening Memory", Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol 59, No 2 1996, pp 229-236 full-text via JSTOR; article's first page available for all
  8. ^ "Balādhurī, al-" Encyclopædia Britannica 2006
  9. ^ http://wwwoxfordislamicstudiescom/article/opr/t125/e283_hi=5&_pos=1

External linksedit

  • http://wwwbritannicacom/eb/article-9011889/al-Baladhuri
  • Al-Baladhuri 1916 The origins of the Islamic state: being a translation from the Arabic, accompanied with annotations, geographic and historic notes of the Kitâb fitûh al-buldân of al-Imâm abu-l Abbâs Ahmad ibn-Jâbir al-Balâdhuri Translator: Philip Khuri Hitti New York: Columbia University 
  • Al-Baladhuri 1924 The Origins Of The Islamic State, Part II Translator: Francis Clark Murgotten New York: Columbia University 

ahmad ibn-jabir al-baladhuri, al-baladhuri, who was al-baladhuri


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