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ǀAi-ǀAis/Richtersveld Transfrontier Park

The ǀAi-ǀAis/Richtersveld Transfrontier Park[clarification needed] is a peace park straddling the border between South Africa and Namibia It was formed in 2003 by combining the Namibian ǀAi-ǀAis Hot Springs Game Park and the South African Richtersveld National Park Most of the South African part of the park forms part of the buffer zone of the Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape World Heritage Site, which measures 5,920 square kilometres 2,290 sq mi[2] The Fish River Canyon is located in the park, the largest canyon in Africa[2] A Memorandum of Understanding was signed on 17 August 2003 by the presidents of South Africa and Namibia, which formalized the establishment of the park[2]

The Sendelingsdrift tourist facilities were opened in 2007 to enable tourists and locals to travel between Namibia and South Africa within the boundaries of the park Immigration offices were set up on both sides of the Orange River[2] It is also known for being a biodiversity hotspot, which means it is under constant threat from human encroachment[2]


  • 1 Nama people
  • 2 Climate
  • 3 Landscape
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Nama people

The Nama people can still be found in the region Known for begin nomadic pastoralists, their way of life is suited for the arid region Herders and their livestock can be seen moving over long distances, as they try to anticipate the much needed yet sparse rainfall The Nama language has also been preserved here by the Nama communities more than any other place in the Namaqualand region[2]


The |Ai-|Ais/Richtersveld has two major climatic systems It has a temperate winter rainfall region that also contains high air humidity, contrasted by the high temperature with its summer rains yet low humidity further inland[3] These contrasting climates have a transitional zone of about 20 kilometres 12 mi[3]


The general area consists of rugged kloofs and high mountains The land is harsh, while water is generally scarce, the air is kept moist by early morning fog The Nama locals call the fog that comes in from the Atlantic Ocean ‘Ihuries’ or ‘Malmokkies’[4] The Park is regarded as a unique mega-ecosystem in the world In a one square kilometer area more than 360 different plant species can be found in a place that experiences an average rainfall of only 68 mm per year[3] The vegetation in |Ai-|Ais/Richtersveld Transfrontier Park consists of unique plant life, such as the bastard quiver tree, ‘half-mens’ or half human, and tall aloes[4] The half-mens is typified by an unbranched, cylindrical stem, which can reach heights of up to 4m The top has a tuft of branches The local Nama community hold the half-mens tree in high regard, believing that the human-like figure it assumes is their ancestors longing for the Namibian home[3]

Map of the park

See also

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  • Environment portal
  • Africa portal
  • South Africa portal
  • ǀAi-ǀAis Hot Springs
  • Fish River Canyon
  • Richtersveld
  • Kruger National Park
  • Big Five game
  • Sperrgebiet


  1. ^ "Ai-Ais/Richtersveld Transfrontier Park" PeaceParksOrg Retrieved 20 May 2009mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflink
  2. ^ a b c d e f "/AI /AIS-RICHTERSVELD" Peace Parks Foundation Accessed: 15 October 2018
  3. ^ a b c d South African National Parks Accessed: 15 October 2018
  4. ^ a b SA Places Accessed: 15 October 2018

External links

  • Official homepage at South African National Parks
  • Ministry of Environment and Tourism Namibia homepage
  • Christian Goltz 2010 ARTP National Park Visitor's Information Materials
  • Map of the park

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