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Adobe Photoshop

adobe photoshop, adobe photoshop free download
Adobe Photoshop is a raster graphics editor developed and published by Adobe Systems for macOS and Windows

Photoshop was created in 1988 by Thomas and John Knoll Since then, it has become the de facto industry standard in raster graphics editing, such that the word "photoshop" has become a verb as in "to Photoshop an image," "photoshopping" and "photoshop contest", though Adobe discourages such use7 It can edit and compose raster images in multiple layers and supports masks, alpha compositing and several color models including RGB, CMYK, Lab color space, spot color and duotone Photoshop has vast support for graphic file formats but also uses its own PSD and PSB file formats which support all the aforementioned features In addition to raster graphics, it has limited abilities to edit or render text, vector graphics especially through clipping path, 3D graphics and video Photoshop's featureset can be expanded by Photoshop plug-ins, programs developed and distributed independently of Photoshop that can run inside it and offer new or enhanced features

Photoshop's naming scheme was initially based on version numbers However, in October 2002, following the introduction of Creative Suite branding, each new version of Photoshop was designated with "CS" plus a number; eg, the eighth major version of Photoshop was Photoshop CS and the ninth major version was Photoshop CS2 Photoshop CS3 through CS6 were also distributed in two different editions: Standard and Extended In June 2013, with the introduction of Creative Cloud branding, Photoshop's licensing scheme was changed to that of software as a service rental model and the "CS" suffixes were replaced with "CC" Historically, Photoshop was bundled with additional software such as Adobe ImageReady, Adobe Fireworks, Adobe Bridge, Adobe Device Central and Adobe Camera RAW

Alongside Photoshop, Adobe also develops and publishes Photoshop Elements, Photoshop Lightroom, Photoshop Express and Photoshop Touch Collectively, they are branded as "The Adobe Photoshop Family" It is currently a licensed software

Contents

  • 1 Early history
  • 2 File format
  • 3 Plugins
  • 4 Photoshop tools
    • 41 Pen tool
      • 411 Clone Stamp Tool
    • 42 Shape tools
    • 43 Measuring and navigation
    • 44 Selection tools
      • 441 Cropping
      • 442 Slicing
      • 443 Moving
      • 444 Marquee
      • 445 Lasso
      • 446 Magic wand
      • 447 Eraser
    • 45 Video editing
    • 46 3D extrusion
    • 47 Mobile integration
    • 48 Camera Raw
    • 49 3D printing tools
    • 410 Color replacement tool
  • 5 Cultural impact
    • 51 Magazines
    • 52 Photoshop disasters
    • 53 Photoshop contest
  • 6 Version history
    • 61 Older versions
    • 62 CS
    • 63 CS2
    • 64 CS3
    • 65 CS4
    • 66 CS5
    • 67 CS6
    • 68 CC
    • 69 CC 2014
    • 610 CC 2015
    • 611 CC 2017
    • 612 Photoshop Touch
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 Further reading
  • 10 External links

Early historyedit

Photoshop was developed in 1987 by the American brothers Thomas and John Knoll, who sold the distribution license to Adobe Systems Incorporated in 1988 Thomas Knoll, a PhD student at the University of Michigan, began writing a program on his Macintosh Plus to display grayscale images on a monochrome display This program, called Display, caught the attention of his brother John Knoll, an Industrial Light & Magic employee, who recommended that Thomas turn it into a full-fledged image editing program Thomas took a six-month break from his studies in 1988 to collaborate with his brother on the program Thomas renamed the program ImagePro, but the name was already taken8 Later that year, Thomas renamed his program Photoshop and worked out a short-term deal with scanner manufacturer Barneyscan to distribute copies of the program with a slide scanner; a "total of about 200 copies of Photoshop were shipped" this way9

During this time, John traveled to Silicon Valley and gave a demonstration of the program to engineers at Apple and Russell Brown, art director at Adobe Both showings were successful, and Adobe decided to purchase the license to distribute in September 19888 While John worked on plug-ins in California, Thomas remained in Ann Arbor writing code Photoshop 10 was released on 19 February 1990 for Macintosh exclusively1011 The Barneyscan version included advanced color editing features that were stripped from the first Adobe shipped version The handling of color slowly improved with each release from Adobe and Photoshop quickly became the industry standard in digital color editing At the time Photoshop 10 was released, digital retouching on dedicated high end systems, such as the Scitex, cost around $300 an hour for basic photo retouching

File formatedit

Photoshop document
Filename extension psd
Internet media type image/vndadobephotoshop
Type code 8BPS
Open format no
Website https://wwwadobecom/devnet-apps/photoshop/fileformatashtml

Photoshop files have default file extension as PSD, which stands for "Photoshop Document" A PSD file stores an image with support for most imaging options available in Photoshop These include layers with masks, transparency, text, alpha channels and spot colours, clipping paths, and duotone settings This is in contrast to many other file formats eg, JPG or GIF that restrict content to provide streamlined, predictable functionality A PSD file has a maximum height and width of 30,000 pixels, and a length limit of 2 Gigabytes

Photoshop files sometimes have the file extension PSB, which stands for "Photoshop Big" also known as "large document format" A PSB file extends the PSD file format, increasing the maximum height and width to 300,000 pixels and the length limit to around 4 Exabytes The dimension limit was apparently chosen arbitrarily by Adobe, not based on computer arithmetic constraints it is not close to a power of two, as is 30,000 but for ease of software testing PSD and PSB formats are documented12

Because of Photoshop's popularity, PSD files are widely used and supported to some extent by most competing software The PSD file format can be exported to and from Adobe's other apps like Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Premiere Pro, and After Effects, to make professional standard DVDs and provide non-linear editing and special effects services, such as backgrounds, textures, and so on, for television, film, and the Internet Photoshop's primary strength is as a pixel-based image editor, unlike vector-based image editors Photoshop also enables vector graphics editing through its Paths, Pen tools, Shape tools, Shape Layers, Type tools, Import command, and Smart Object functions These tools and commands are convenient to combine pixel-based and vector-based images in one Photoshop document, because it may not be necessary to use more than one program To create very complex vector graphics with numerous shapes and colors, it may be easier to use software that was created primarily for that purpose, such as Adobe Illustrator or CorelDRAW Photoshop's non-destructive Smart Objects can also import complex vector shapes13

Pluginsedit

Main article: Photoshop plugin

Photoshop functionality can be extended by add-on programs called Photoshop plugins or plug-ins Adobe creates some plugins, such as Adobe Camera Raw, but third-party companies develop most plugins, according to Adobe's specifications Some are free and some are commercial software Most plugins work with only Photoshop or Photoshop-compatible hosts, but a few can also be run as standalone applications

There are various types of plugins, such as filter, export, import, selection, color correction, and automation The most popular plugins are the filter plugins also known as a 8bf plugins, available under the Filter menu in Photoshop Filter plugins can either modify the current image or create content Below are some popular types of plugins, and some well-known companies associated with them:

  • Color correction plugins Alien Skin Software,14 Nik Software,15 OnOne Software,16 Topaz Labs Software,17 The Plugin Site,18 etc
  • Special effects plugins Alien Skin Software, Auto FX Software,19 AV Bros,20 Flaming Pear Software,21 etc
  • 3D effects plugins Andromeda Software,22 Strata,23 etc

Adobe Camera Raw also known as ACR and Camera Raw is a special plugin, supplied free by Adobe, used primarily to read and process raw image files so that the resultant images can be processed by Photoshop24 It can also be used from within Adobe Bridge

Photoshop toolsedit

Upon loading Photoshop, a sidebar with a variety of tools with multiple image-editing functions appears to the left of the screen These tools typically fall under the categories of drawing; painting; measuring and navigation; selection; typing; and retouching25 Some tools contain a small triangle in the bottom right of the toolbox icon These can be expanded to reveal similar tools26 While newer versions of Photoshop are updated to include new tools and features, several recurring tools that exist in most versions are discussed below

Pen tooledit

Photoshop includes a few versions of the pen tool The pen tool creates precise paths that can be manipulated using anchor points The free form pen tool allows the user to draw paths freehand, and with the magnetic pen tool, the drawn path attaches closely to outlines of objects in an image, which is useful for isolating them from a background

Clone Stamp Tooledit

The Clone Stamp tool colours one part of an image over another part of the same image or another part of any open document that has the same colour mode You can also paint part of one layer over another layer The Clone Stamp tool is useful for duplicating objects or removing a defect in an image27

Shape toolsedit

Photoshop provides an array of shape tools including rectangles, rounded rectangles, ellipses, polygons and lines These shapes can be manipulated by the pen tool, direct selection tool etc to make vector graphics

Measuring and navigationedit

The eyedropper tool selects a color from an area of the image that is clicked, and samples it for future use25 The hand tool navigates an image by moving it in any direction, and the zoom tool enlarges the part of an image that is clicked on, allowing for a closer view25

Selection toolsedit

Selection tools are used to select all or any part of a picture to perform cut, copy, edit, or retouching operations

Croppingedit

The crop tool can be used to select a particular area of an image and discard the portions outside the chosen section This tool assists in creating a focus point on an image and unnecessary or excess space28 Cropping allows enhancement of a photo’s composition while decreasing the file size The "crop" tool is in the tools palette, which is located on the right side of the document By placing the cursor over the image, the user can drag the cursor to the desired area Once the Enter key is pressed, the area outside the rectangle will be cropped The area outside the rectangle is the discarded data, which allows for the file size to be decreased29 The "crop" tool can alternatively be used to extend the canvas size by clicking and dragging outside the existing image borders

Slicingedit

The "slice" and slice select tools, like the crop tool, are used in isolating parts of images The slice tool can be used to divide an image into different sections, and these separate parts can be used as pieces of a web page design once HTML and CSS are applied30 The slice select tool allows sliced sections of an image to be adjusted and shifted

Movingedit

The move tool can be used to drag the entirety of a single layer or more if they are selected Alternatively, once an area of an image is highlighted, the move tool can be used to manually relocate the selected piece to anywhere on the canvas25

Marqueeedit

The marquee is a tool that can make selections that are single row, single column, rectangular and elliptical25 An area that has been selected can be edited without affecting the rest of the image This tool can also crop an image; it allows for better control In contrast to the crop tool, the "marquee" tool allows for more adjustments to the selected area before cropping The only marquee tool that does not allow cropping is the elliptical Although the single row and column marquee tools allow for cropping, they are not ideal, because they only crop a line The rectangular marquee tool is the preferred option Once the tool has been selected, dragging the tool across the desired area will select it The selected area will be outlined by dotted lines, referred to as "marching ants" These dotted lines are called "marching ants", because the dashes look like ants marching around the selected area To set a specific size or ratio, the tool option bar provides these settings Before selecting an area, the desired size or ratio must be set by adjusting the width and height Any changes such as color, filters, location, etc should be made before cropping To crop the selection, the user must go to image tab and select crop31

Lassoedit

The lasso tool is similar to the "marquee" tool, however, the user can make a custom selection by drawing it freehand25 There are three options for the "lasso" tool – regular, polygonal, and magnetic The regular "lasso" tool allows the user to have drawing capabilities Photoshop will complete the selection once the mouse button is released The user may also complete the selection by connecting the end point to the starting point The "marching ants" will indicate if a selection has been made The "polygonal lasso" tool will draw only straight lines, which makes it an ideal choice for images with many straight lines Unlike the regular "lasso" tool, the user must continually click around the image to outline the shape To complete the selection, the user must connect the end point to the starting point just like the regular lasso tool "Magnetic lasso" tool is considered the smart tool It can do the same as the other two, but it can also detect the edges of an image once the user selects a starting point It detects by examining the color pixels as the cursor move over the desired area A pixel is the smallest element in an image Closing the selection is the same as the other two, which should also should display the "marching ants" once the selection has been closed32

The quick selection tool selects areas based on edges, similarly to the magnetic lasso tool The difference between this tool and the lasso tool is that there is no starting and ending point Since there isn’t a starting and ending point, the selected area can be added onto as much as possible without starting over By dragging the cursor over the desired area, the quick selection tool detects the edges of the image The "marching ants" allow the user to know what is currently being selected Once the user is done, the selected area can be edited without affecting the rest of the image One of the features that makes this tool especially user friendly is that the SHIFT key is not needed to add more to the selection; by default, extra mouse clicks will be added to the selection rather than creating a new selection33

Magic wandedit

The magic wand tool selects areas based on pixels of similar values One click will select all neighboring pixels of similar value within a tolerance level set by the user If the eyedropper tool is selected in the options bar, then the magic wand can determine the value needed to evaluate the pixels; this is based on the sample size setting in the eyedropper tool This tool is inferior to the quick selection tool which works much the same but with much better results and more intuitive controls The user must decide what settings to use or if the image is right for this tool34

Eraseredit

The Eraser tool erases content based on the active layer If the user is on the text layer, then any text across which the tool is dragged will be erased The eraser will convert the pixels to transparent, unless the background layer is selected The size and style of the eraser can be selected in the options bar This tool is unique in that it can take the form of the paintbrush and pencil tools In addition to the straight eraser tool, there are two more available options – background eraser and magic eraser The background eraser deletes any part of the image that is on the edge of an object This tool is often used to extract objects from the background The magic eraser tool deletes based on similar colored pixels It is very similar to the magic wand tool This tool is ideal for deleting areas with the same color or tone that contrasts with the rest of the image35

Video editingedit

In Adobe CS5 Extended edition, video editing is comprehensive and efficient with a broad compatibility of video file formats such as MOV, AVI, MPEG-4, and FLV formats and easy workflow Using simple combination of keys video layers can easily be modified, with other features such as adding text and the creation of animations using single images36

3D extrusionedit

With the Extended version of Photoshop CS5, 2D elements of an artwork can easily become three-dimensional with the click of a button Extrusions of texts, an available library of materials for three-dimensional, and even wrapping two-dimensional images around 3D geometry36

Mobile integrationedit

Third-party plugins have also been added to the most recent version of Photoshop where technologies such as the iPad have integrated the software with different types of applications Applications like the Adobe Eazel painting app allows the user to easily create paintings with their fingertips and use an array of different paint from dry to wet in order to create rich color blending37

Camera Rawedit

With the Camera Raw plug-in, raw images can be processed without the use of Adobe Photoshop Lightroom, along with other image file formats such as JPEGs, TIFFs, or PNGs The plug-in allows users to remove noise without the side-effect of over-sharpening, add grain, and even perform post-crop vignetting36

3D printing toolsedit

Requiring Photoshop version 141 or later, users can create and edit designs for 3D printing After downloading 3D photo models from numerous online services, users can add color, adjust the shape or rotate the angles Artists can also design 3D models from scratch38

Color replacement tooledit

The Color Replacement Tool allows you to change the color, while maintaining the highlights and shadows of the original image, of pieces of the image By selecting Brushs and right clicking, the Color Replacement Tool is the third option down What is important to note with this tool is the foreground color The foreground color is what will be applied when painting along the chosen part of the image with the Color Replacement tool

Cultural impactedit

Main article: Photoshopping

Photoshop and derivatives such as Photoshopped or just Shopped have become verbs that are sometimes used to refer to images edited by Photoshop,39 or any image manipulating program Such derivatives are discouraged by Adobe7 because, in order to maintain validity and protect the trademark from becoming generic, trademarks must be used as proper nouns

A landscape photo composited and manipulated in Photoshop A self-portrait photo merge, created using Photoshop

Magazinesedit

Before any type of print media is published, whether it is a magazine, newspaper, or even novel, it is likely that Photoshop has been used to enhance and clean up the imagery on many if not all of the pages Magazines use Photoshop and many of its tools in order to enhance the imagery and text in their publications Many Health and Beauty Magazines employ in-house designers to retouch photos of models to enhance their beauty They add finishing touches to the imagery by using tools that balance color and add drop shadows, among other edits40

Photoshop disastersedit

For comedic effect, some websites publish so-called Photoshop disasters, that is, pictures that contain obvious Photoshop mistakes Those mistakes range from missing limbs to overdone photo retouching on fashion models4142

Photoshop contestedit

Main article: Photoshop contest

A Photoshop contest or "Photoshop contest" is an online game in which someone posts an image, and other people manipulate the image using a raster graphics editor such as Photoshop

Version historyedit

Main article: Adobe Photoshop version history

Older versionsedit

Photoshop's naming scheme was initially based on version numbers Adobe published thirteen versions major and minor changes before the October 2003 introduction of Creative Suite branding In February 2013 Adobe donated the source code of the 1990 101 version of Photoshop to the Computer History Museum4344

CSedit

The first Photoshop CS was commercially released in October 2003 as the eighth major version of Photoshop Photoshop CS increased user control with a reworked file browser augmenting search versatility, sorting and sharing capabilities and the Histogram Palette which monitors changes in the image as they are made to the document Match Color was also introduced in CS, which reads color data to achieve a uniform expression throughout a series of pictures45

CS2edit

Photoshop CS2, released in May 2005, expanded on its predecessor with a new set of tools and features It included an upgraded Spot Healing Brush, which is mainly used for handling common photographic problems such as blemishes, red-eye, noise, blurring and lens distortion One of the most significant inclusions in CS2 was the implementation of Smart Objects, which allows users to scale and transform images and vector illustrations without losing image quality, as well as create linked duplicates of embedded graphics so that a single edit updates across multiple iterations46

Adobe responded to feedback from the professional media industry by implementing non-destructive editing as well as the producing and modifying of 32-Bit High Dynamic Range HDR images, which are optimal for 3D rendering and advanced compositing FireWire Previews could also be viewed on a monitor via a direct export feature46

Photoshop CS2 brought the Vanishing Point and Image Warping tools46 Vanishing Point makes tedious graphic and photo retouching endeavors much simpler by letting users clone, paint and transform image objects while maintaining visual perspective Image Warping makes it easy to digitally distort an image into a shape by choosing on-demand presets or by dragging control points46

The File Browser was upgraded to Adobe Bridge, which functioned as a hub for productivity, imagery and creativity, providing multi-view file browsing and smooth cross-product integration across Adobe Creative Suite 2 software46 Adobe Bridge also provided access to Adobe Stock Photos, a new stock photography service that offered users one-stop shopping across five elite stock image providers to deliver high-quality, royalty-free images for layout and design

Camera Raw version 30 was a new addition in CS2, and it allowed settings for multiple raw files to be modified simultaneously In addition, processing multiple raw files to other formats including JPEG, TIFF, DNG or PSD, could be done in the background without executing Photoshop itself46

Photoshop CS2 brought a streamlined interface, making it easier to access features for specific instances In CS2 users were also given the ability to create their own custom presets, which was meant to save time and increase productivity46

CS2 activation servers' shutdown: In January 2013, Adobe Photoshop CS2 90, with some other CS2 products, was released with an official serial number, due to the technical glitch in Adobe's CS2 activation servers see Creative Suite 1 and 2

CS3edit

Smart Objects display filters without altering the original image here on Mac OS X

CS3 improves on features from previous versions of Photoshop and introduces new tools One of the most significant is the streamlined interface which allows increased performance, speed, and efficiency There is also improved support for Camera RAW files which allow users to process images with higher speed and conversion quality CS3 supports over 150 RAW formats as well as JPEG, TIFF and PDF47 Enhancements were made to the Black and White Conversion, Brightness and Contrast Adjustment and Vanishing Point Module tools The Black and White adjustment option improves control over manual grayscale conversions with a dialog box similar to that of Channel Mixer There is more control over print options and better management with Adobe Bridge The Clone Source palette is introduced, adding more options to the clone stamp tool Other features include the nondestructive Smart Filters, optimizing graphics for mobile devices,48 Fill Light and Dust Busting tools47 Compositing is assisted with Photoshop's new Quick Selection and Refine Edge tools and improved image stitching technology49

CS3 Extended includes everything in CS3 and additional features There are tools for 3D graphic file formats, video enhancement and animation, and comprehensive image measurement and analysis tools with DICOM file support50 The 3D graphic formats allow 3D content to be incorporated into 2D compositions As for video editing, CS3 supports layers and video formatting so users can edit video files per frame47

CS3 and CS3 Extended were released in April 2007 to the United States and Canada They were also made available through Adobe’s online store and Adobe Authorized Resellers Both CS3 and CS3 Extended are offered as either a stand-alone application or feature of Adobe Creative Suite The price for CS3 is US$649 and the extended version is US$999 Both products are compatible with Intel-based Macs and PowerPCs, supporting Windows XP and Windows Vista47 CS3 is the first release of Photoshop that will run natively on Macs with Intel processors: previous versions can only run through the translation layer Rosetta, and will not run at all on Macs running OS X 107 or later

CS4edit

CS4 features smoother panning and zooming, allowing faster image editing at a high magnification The interface is more simplified with its tab-based interface51 making it cleaner to work with Photoshop CS4 features a new 3D engine allowing the conversion of gradient maps to 3D objects, adding depth to layers and text, and getting print-quality output with the new ray-tracing rendering engine It supports common 3D formats; the new Adjustment and Mask Panels; Content-aware scaling seam carving52; Fluid Canvas Rotation and File display options53 The Content-aware scaling allows users to intelligently size and scale images, and the Canvas Rotation tool makes it easier to rotate and edit images from any angle51

Adobe released Photoshop CS4 Extended, which has the features of Adobe Photoshop CS4, plus capabilities for scientific imaging, 3D, motion graphics, accurate image analysis and high-end film and video users The faster 3D engine allows users to paint directly on 3D models, wrap 2D images around 3D shapes and animate 3D objects51 As the successor to Photoshop CS3, Photoshop CS4 is the first x64 edition of Photoshop on consumer computers for Windows54 The color correction tool has also been improved significantly51

CS4 and CS4 Extended were released on 15 October 2008 They were also made available through Adobe’s online store and Adobe Authorized Resellers Both CS4 and CS4 Extended are offered as either a stand-alone application or feature of Adobe Creative Suite The price for CS4 is US$699 and the extended version is US$999 Both products are compatible with Intel-based Mac OS X and PowerPCs, supporting Windows XP and Windows Vista51

CS5edit

A 2D landscape designed in Adobe Photoshop CS5 Extended

Photoshop CS5 was launched on 12 April 201055 In a video posted on its official Facebook page, the development team revealed the new technologies under development, including three-dimensional brushes and warping tools56

In May 2011, Adobe Creative Suite 55 CS55 was released, with new versions of some of the applications Its version of Photoshop, 121, is identical to the concurrently released update for Photoshop CS5, version 1204, except for support for the new subscription pricing that was introduced with CS5557

CS5 introduces new tools such as the Content-Aware Fill, Refine Edge, Mixer Brush, Bristle Tips and Puppet Warp The community also had a hand in the additions made to CS5 as 30 new features and improvements were included by request These include automatic image straightening, the Rule-of-Thirds cropping tool, color pickup, and saving a 16-bit image as a JPEG Another feature includes the Adobe Mini Bridge, which allows for efficient file browsing and management58

CS5 Extended includes everything in CS5 plus features in 3D and video editing A new materials library was added, providing more options such as Chrome, Glass, and Cork The new Shadow Catcher tool can be used to further enhance 3D objects For motion graphics, the tools can be applied to over more than one frame in a video sequence58

CS5 and CS5 Extended were made available through Adobe's online store, Adobe Authorized Resellers and Adobe direct sales Both CS5 and CS5 Extended are offered as either a stand-alone application or a feature of Adobe Creative Suite 5 The price for CS5 is US$699 and the extended version is US$99958 Both products are compatible with Intel-based Mac OS X and Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 759

CS6edit

Photoshop CS6, released in May 2012, added new creative design tools and provided a redesigned interface60 with a focus on enhanced performance New features have been added to the Content-Aware tool such as the Content-Aware Patch and Content-Aware Move61

Adobe Photoshop CS6 brought a suite of tools for video editing Color and exposure adjustments, as well as layers, are among a few things that are featured in this new editor Upon completion of editing, the user is presented with a handful of options of exporting into a few popular formats62

CS6 brings the "straighten" tool to Photoshop, where a user simply draws a line anywhere on an image, and the canvas will reorient itself so that the line drawn becomes horizontal, and adjusts the media accordingly This was created with the intention that users will draw a line parallel to a plane in the image, and reorient the image to that plane to more easily achieve certain perspectives62

CS6 allows background saving, which means that while another document is compiling and archiving itself, it is possible to simultaneously edit an image CS6 also features a customizable auto-save feature, preventing any work from being lost62

The price for CS6 is US$699 and the extended version is US$999 Students, however, even those who are homeschooled, can receive a significant discount on Photoshop63

With the newest Photoshop version 1313, Adobe has dropped support for Windows XP even on native x64 for Windows XP x64; thus, the last version that works on Windows XP is 1301 Adobe also announced that CS6 will be the last suite sold with perpetual licenses in favor of the new Creative Cloud subscriptions, but will continue to support Photoshop CS6 for OS compatibility and will provide bug fixes and security updates as necessary64

CCedit

Photoshop CC 140 was launched on 18 June 2013 As the next major version after CS6, it is only available as part of a Creative Cloud subscription, the full version of which costs $49 every month Major features in this version include All-new Smart Sharpen, Intelligent Upsampling, and Camera Shake Reduction for reducing blur caused by camera shake Editable Rounded Rectangles and an update to Adobe Camera Raw 80 were also included65

Since the initial launch, Adobe has released two additional feature-bearing updates The first, version 141, was launched on 9 September 2013 The major features in this version were Adobe Generator, a Nodejs-based platform for creating plug-ins for Photoshop Photoshop 141 shipped with two plug-ins, one to automatically generate image assets based on an extension in the layer name, and another to automatically generate assets for Adobe Edge Reflow66

Version 142 was released on 15 January 2014 Major features include Perspective Warp, Linked Smart Objects, and 3D Printing support67

CC 2014edit

Photoshop CC 2014 150 was released on 18 June 2014 CC 2014 features improvements to content-aware tools, two new blur tools spin blur and path blur and a new focus mask feature that enables the user to select parts of an image based on whether they are in focus or not Other minor improvements have been made, including speed increases for certain tasks6869

CC 2015edit

Photoshop CC 2015 was released on 15 June 2015 Adobe added various creative features including Adobe Stock, which is a library of custom stock images It also includes and have the ability to have more than one layer style70 For example, in the older versions of Photoshop, only one shadow could be used for a layer but in CC 2015, up to ten are available Other minor features like Export As, which is a form of the Save For Web in CC 2014 were also added The updated UI as of 30 November 2015 delivers a clean and consistent look throughout Photoshop, and you can quickly perform common tasks using a new set of gestures on touch-enabled devices like Microsoft Surface Pro71 CC 2015 also marks the 25th anniversary of Photoshop72

CC 2017edit

In 2016, an Egyptian artist's Photoshop art named "Falling" was chosen as the splash screen for the program73

Photoshop Touchedit

Photoshop Touch was an application designed specifically for tablets and touchscreen devices It included many of the features of the personal computer version, including layers, selection tools, adjustments, and filters Edited files could be synced with Adobe Creative Cloud Photoshop touch was available on iOS and Android There were two iOS versions—one designed for iPad and the other for iPhone and iPod touch; both required iOS 50 or later Android versions could be installed on any Android handset 40 and up and tablets 31 and up It has since been discontinued74

See alsoedit

  • Creative Cloud controversy
  • Comparison of raster graphics editors
  • Image editing

Referencesedit

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  2. ^ Lextrait, Vincent January 2010 "The Programming Languages Beacon, v100" Retrieved 14 March 2010 
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  8. ^ a b Schewe, Jeff 2000 "Thomas & John Knoll" PhotoshopNews Archived from the original on 26 June 2007 Retrieved 15 June 2007 
  9. ^ Story, Derrick 18 February 2000 "From Darkroom to Desktop—How Photoshop Came to Light" Story Photography Archived from the original on 26 June 2007 Retrieved 15 June 2007 
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  14. ^ "Alien Skin Software website" Alien Skin Software, LLC Retrieved 17 December 2011 
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  16. ^ "OnOne Software website" onOne Software Retrieved 17 December 2011 
  17. ^ "Topaz Labs website" Topaz Labs, LLC 31 August 2010 Retrieved 17 December 2011 
  18. ^ Harald Heim "The Plugin Site" Retrieved 17 December 2011 
  19. ^ "Auto FX Software website" Auto FX Software Retrieved 17 December 2011 
  20. ^ "AV Bros website" AV Bros Retrieved 17 December 2011 
  21. ^ "Flaming Pear Software website" Flaming Pear Software Retrieved 17 December 2011 
  22. ^ "Andromeda Software website" Andromeda Software Inc Retrieved 17 December 2011 
  23. ^ "Strata website" Strata Retrieved 17 December 2011 
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  25. ^ a b c d e f "Adobe Photoshop CS3 User Guide" PDF Adobe Systems Incorporated Retrieved 27 March 2012 
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  27. ^ https://helpxadobecom/photoshop/using/retouching-repairing-imageshtml
  28. ^ "Crop Images" Adobe Systems Incorporated Retrieved 27 March 2012 
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  30. ^ "About sliced web pages" Adobe Systems Incorporated Retrieved 27 March 2012 
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Further readingedit

  • Lev Manovich 2011 "Inside Photoshop" Computational Culture 1 ISSN 2047-2390  asks: "How does media authoring software shape the media being created, making some design choices seem natural and easy to execute, while hiding other design possibilities"

External linksedit

Find more aboutAdobe Photoshopat Wikipedia's sister projects
  • Definitions from Wiktionary
  • Media from Commons
  • Learning resources from Wikiversity
  • Official website
  • Photoshop at DMOZ
  • Is Photoshop Remixing the World Video produced by Off Book web series
  • Free Photoshop PSD

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