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A Nightmare on Elm Street (franchise)

a nightmare on elm street (franchise)
A Nightmare on Elm Street is an American horror franchise that consists of nine slasher films, a television series, novels, and comic books The franchise began with the film A Nightmare on Elm Street 1984 created by Wes Craven The franchise revolves around the fictional character Freddy Krueger, a former child killer who stalks teenagers in their dreams and kills them His motives were to seek revenge on their parents, who had burned him alive The original film was written and directed by Craven, who returned to co-script the second sequel, A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors 1987, and to write and direct New Nightmare 1994 The films collectively grossed over $457 million at the box-office worldwide

The original film was released in 1984 A series of sequels produced by the independent film company New Line Cinema followed New Line often attributes the growth of their company to the success of the Nightmare franchise1 The film series as a whole has received mixed reviews by critics, but has been a financial success at the box office When comparing the United States box office grosses of other American horror film series, A Nightmare on Elm Street is the second highest grossing franchise in adjusted US dollars2 In 1988, a television series was produced with Freddy as the host The pilot episode focused on the night Freddy was burned alive by the angry parents of the children he had killed, though the rest of the series featured episodes with independent plots Twelve novels, separate from the adaptations of the films, and multiple comic book series were published featuring Freddy Krueger, as well as a crossover film featuring fellow horror icon Jason Voorhees from the Friday the 13th franchise A remake of the 1984 film was released in 2010, and a second remake is currently being planned345

Contents

  • 1 Films
    • 11 Overview
    • 12 Development
    • 13 Box office
  • 2 Documentary
  • 3 Television
  • 4 Literature
    • 41 Novels
    • 42 Comic books
  • 5 Merchandise
    • 51 Video games
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Filmsedit

Film Director Writers Producers
A Nightmare on Elm Street 1984 Wes Craven Wes Craven Robert Shaye
A Nightmare on Elm Street 2: Freddy's Revenge 1985 Jack Sholder David Chaskin
A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors 1987 Chuck Russell Wes Craven, Frank Darabont, Chuck Russell, Bruce Wagner
A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master 1988 Renny Harlin Brian Helgeland, Jim Wheat, Ken Wheat Robert Shaye and Rachel Talalay
A Nightmare on Elm Street 5: The Dream Child 1989 Stephen Hopkins Leslie Bohem Robert Shaye and Rupert Harvey
Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare 1991 Rachel Talalay Michael De Luca Robert Shaye and Aron Warner
Wes Craven's New Nightmare 1994 Wes Craven Wes Craven Marianne Maddalena
Freddy vs Jason 2003 Ronny Yu Damian Shannon & Mark Swift Sean S Cunningham
A Nightmare on Elm Street 2010 Samuel Bayer Wesley Strick and Eric Heisserer Michael Bay, Andrew Form and Brad Fuller

Overviewedit

The original film, written and directed by Wes Craven and titled A Nightmare on Elm Street, was released in 1984 The story focuses on Freddy Krueger Robert Englund attacking Nancy Thompson Heather Langenkamp and her friends in their dreams, successfully killing all but Nancy, in fictional Springwood, Ohio Krueger's back-story is revealed by Nancy's mother, Marge, who explains he was a child murderer The parents of Springwood killed Krueger after he was acquitted on a technicality Nancy defeats Freddy by pulling him from the dream world and stripping him of his powers when she stops being afraid of him6 Freddy returns to attack the new family, the Walshes, living in Nancy Thompson's house in 1985's A Nightmare on Elm Street 2: Freddy's Revenge Freddy possesses the body of Jesse Walsh Mark Patton, using him to kill Jesse is temporarily saved by his girlfriend Lisa Kim Myers, who helps him exorcise Krueger's spirit7

Wes Craven returned to write A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors, released in 1987 In the second sequel, Freddy is systematically killing the last of the Elm Street children The few remaining children have been placed in Westin Hills Mental Institution, for allegedly attempting suicide Nancy Thompson arrives at Westin Hills as a new intern, and realizes the children are being killed by Freddy With the help of Dr Neil Gordon Craig Wasson, Nancy helps Kristen Patricia Arquette, Joey Rodney Eastman, Taryn Jennifer Rubin, Kincaid Ken Sagoes, and Will Ira Heiden find their dream powers, so they can kill Freddy once and for all Neil, unknowingly until the end, meets the spirit of Freddy's mother, Amanda Krueger Nan Martin, who instructs him to bury Freddy's remains in hallowed ground in order to stop him for good Neil completes his task, but not before Freddy kills Nancy8

The story of Kristen Parker would continue with 1988's A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master This time, Kristen Tuesday Knight unwittingly releases Freddy, who immediately kills Kincaid and Joey Before Freddy can kill Kristen, she transfers her dream powers to Alice Lisa Wilcox, a friend from school Alice begins inadvertently providing victims for Freddy when she begins pulling people into her dreams while she sleeps Alice, who begins taking on traits of the friends who were murdered, confronts Freddy She uses the power of the Dream Master to release all the souls Freddy has taken; they subsequently rip themselves from Freddy's body, killing him in the process9

Picking up shortly after the events of The Dream Master, A Nightmare on Elm Street 5: The Dream Child involves Freddy using Alice's unborn child, Jacob Whitby Hertford, to resurrect himself and find new victims The spirit of Amanda Krueger Beatrice Boepple returns, revealing that Freddy was conceived when she, a nun working in a mental asylum, was accidentally locked in a room with "100 maniacs" and raped "hundreds of times" Amanda Krueger convinces Jacob to use the powers he was given by Freddy against him, which gives her the chance to subdue Freddy long enough for Alice and Jacob to escape the dream world10

1991's Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare followed the exploits of "John Doe" Shon Greenblatt, an amnesiac teenager from Springwood, who was sent out to find Freddy's daughter Maggie Lisa Zane, whom he needs to leave Springwood Freddy's goal is to create new "Elm Streets", and begin a new killing spree after having killed all of the children in Springwood Maggie, utilizing new dream techniques, uncovers Krueger's past, which include: being taunted by schoolmates for being the "son of 100 maniacs", being cruel to animals, beaten by his stepfather, the murder of his own wife when she discovers he has been killing children, and the moment when the Dream Demons arrive in his boiler room to make him the offer of eternal life Eventually, Maggie pulls Freddy out of the dream world, and uses a pipe bomb to blow him up11

Wes Craven returned to the Nightmare series a third time with New Nightmare in 1994 This film focuses on a fictional "reality", where Craven, Langenkamp, and Englund all play themselves, and where the character of Freddy Krueger is really an evil entity that has been trapped in the realm of fiction by all the movies that have been made Since the movies have stopped, the entity, which likes being Freddy Krueger, is trying to escape into the real world The only person in its way is Heather Langenkamp, whom the entity sees as "Nancy" – the first person who defeated him Craven explains to Langenkamp the only way to keep the entity contained is for her to "play Nancy one last time" Langenkamp pursues "Krueger", who has kidnapped her son, into the dream world as "Nancy" There, she and her son trap Krueger in a furnace until he is finally destroyed12 In 2003, New Line pitted Friday the 13th's Jason Voorhees against Freddy Krueger The film, Freddy vs Jason, explains that Freddy Krueger has grown weak as people in Springwood, his home, have suppressed their fear of him Freddy, who is impersonating Pamela Voorhees, the mother of Jason Voorhees, sends Jason Ken Kirzinger to Springwood to cause panic and fear Jason accomplishes this, but refuses to stop killing A battle ensues in both the dream world and Crystal Lake between the two villains The winner is left ambiguous, as Jason surfaces from the lake holding Freddy's severed head, which winks and laughs13

In 2010, a remake of the original Nightmare on Elm Street was released Here, Freddy Jackie Earle Haley stalks the dreams of Nancy Holbrook Rooney Mara and her friends as they discover that they all share a common link from their childhood; they were all physically and sexually abused by Freddy before he was murdered by their vengeful parents Now a supernatural force in their dreams, Freddy kills off the children that alerted the parents about his transgressions Freddy slowly works his way to Nancy, his favorite of the children, and manipulates her into going without sleep long enough that her body falls into a coma, resulting in permanent sleep and life with Freddy forever Nancy is awakened when her friend Quentin Kyle Gallner injects adrenaline into her and pulls Freddy out of the dreamworld, where she and Quentin kill him and burn the remains of his body14

Developmentedit

The basis for the original Nightmare on Elm Street has been said to have been inspired by several newspaper articles printed in the LA Times in the 1970s on a group of Khmer refugees, who, after fleeing to America from the Khmer Rouge Genocide in Cambodia, were suffering disturbing nightmares after which they refused to sleep Some of the men died in their sleep soon after Medical authorities called the phenomenon "Asian Death Syndrome" The condition itself afflicted only men between the ages of 19-57 and is believed to be sudden unexplained death syndrome and/or Brugada syndrome15 The 1970s pop song "Dream Weaver" by Gary Wright sealed the story for Craven, giving him not only an artistic setting to "jump off" from, but a synthesizer riff from the Elm Street soundtrack as well16 It has also been stated that he drew some inspiration after studying eastern religions17

Initially, Fred Krueger was intended to be a child molester, but Craven eventually decided to characterize him as a child murderer to avoid being accused of exploiting a spate of highly publicized child molestation cases that occurred in California around the time of production of the film18 By Craven's account, his own adolescent experiences led to the naming of Fred Krueger He had been bullied at school by a child named Fred Krueger, and named his villain accordingly18 The colored sweater he chose for his villain was based on the DC Comics character Plastic Man, and Craven chose to make Krueger's sweater colors that of red and green, after reading an article in Scientific American in 1982 that said the two most clashing colors to the human retina were this particular combination19

On January 29, 2008, Variety reported that Michael Bay and his Platinum Dunes production company would be rebooting the Nightmare on Elm Street franchise with a remake of the original 1984 film20 To provide a freshness to the character, producer Brad Fuller explained that they were abandoning the things that made the character less scary—Freddy would not be "cracking jokes" as had become a staple of his character in later sequels—and focus more on trying to craft a "horrifying movie"21 There was not agreement among the original crew as to whether it would be a good idea to remake the film Craven expressed his displeasure, primarily because the filmmakers chose not to have him as a consultant to the film, unlike with the 2009 remake The Last House on the Left where he "shepherded it towards production"22 In contrast, Robert Englund felt it was time for A Nightmare on Elm Street to be remade Englund liked the idea of being able to "exploit the dreamscape" with CGI and other technologies that did not exist when Craven was making the original Nightmare on Elm Street in 198423

Box officeedit

When comparing A Nightmare on Elm Street with the other top-grossing horror franchises—Child's Play, Friday the 13th, Halloween, the Hannibal Lecter series, Psycho, Saw, Scream, and The Texas Chainsaw Massacre—and adjusting for the 2010 inflation,24 A Nightmare on Elm Street is the second highest grossing horror franchise, in the United States, at approximately $5834 million2 The series is topped by Friday the 13th at $6715 million25 Closely following A Nightmare on Elm Street is the Hannibal Lecter series with $5794 million,26 then Halloween with $5478 million,27 Saw with $4045 million,28 Scream with $3983 million,29 Psycho with $3703 million,30 The Texas Chainsaw Massacre with $3146 million,31 and the Child's Play film series rounding out the list with approximately $1997 million32

Film Release date US Budget Box office revenue Reference
United States Foreign Worldwide
1 A Nightmare on Elm Street 1984 November 9, 1984 1984-11-09 $1,800,00033 $25,504,513 N/A $25,504,513 34
2 A Nightmare on Elm Street 2: Freddy's Revenge November 1, 1985 1985-11-01 $3,000,00035 $29,999,213 N/A $29,999,213 36
3 A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors February 27, 1987 1987-02-27 $5,000,00037 $44,793,222 N/A $44,793,222 38
4 A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master August 19, 1988 1988-08-19 $13,000,00039 $49,369,899 N/A $49,369,899 40
5 A Nightmare on Elm Street 5: The Dream Child August 11, 1989 1989-08-11 $6,000,00041 $22,168,359 N/A $22,168,359 42
6 Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare September 13, 1991 1991-09-13 $5,000,00043 $34,872,033 N/A $34,872,033 44
7 Wes Craven's New Nightmare October 14, 1994 1994-10-14 $8,000,00045 $18,090,181 $1,631,560 $19,721,741 46
8 Freddy vs Jason August 15, 2003 2003-08-15 $25,000,00047 $82,622,655 $32,286,175 $114,908,830 48
9 A Nightmare on Elm Street 2010 April 30, 2010 2010-04-30 $35,000,00049 $63,075,011 $52,589,026 $115,664,037 50
Total $101,800,000 $370,495,086 $86,506,761 $457,001,847

Documentaryedit

Main article: Never Sleep Again: The Elm Street Legacy

On May 4, 2010, a 4-hour documentary chronicling the Nightmare on Elm Street franchise was released The documentary includes interviews with the cast and crew for all of the Nightmare films51 In a wish to utilize individuals who contributed to the franchise, the makers of the documentary procured poster artist Matthew Joseph Peak to create the artwork for the release poster and DVD cover, and composer Charles Bernstein for the film's main title music5253 As part of a special offering, the filmmakers gave away a limited edition poster to anyone that ordered the documentary from the official website Those same individuals would also be entered into a drawing to win one of three 27" × 40" teaser posters signed by dozens of people who worked on the films and were interviewed in the documentary54 Michael Gingold of Fangoria felt the filmmakers did an amazing job bringing together all of the behind-the-scenes footage, picture, never-before-seen deleted scenes, FX scenes, and other "treasures" Gingold noted that even die-hard fans would find something new55 Bloody Disgusting's Ryan Daley praised the film for being educational, and looking at the legacy of both A Nightmare on Elm Street and New Line Cinema Daley believed that there was no better horror documentary56 Nick Hyman of Under the Radar noted that Never Sleep Again, unlike the earlier His Name Was Jason documentary, provided a more candid interview process with the people involved Hyman pointed out that the best part of the documentary is the look at New Line's success through the Elm Street franchise, and the financial struggles and deadlines that plagued the film series57

Televisionedit

Main article: Freddy's Nightmares

Beginning on October 9, 1988, Freddy's Nightmares was an anthology series, in the vein of The Twilight Zone, which featured different horror stories each week The show was hosted by Freddy Krueger, with Robert Englund reprising his role from the films Freddy played more of a background character, but occasionally showed up to influence the plot of particular episodes The series ran for two seasons and a total of 44 episodes, ending March 10, 199058 Although most of the episodes did not feature Freddy taking a major role in the plot, the pilot episode "No More Mr Nice Guy" depicts the events of Krueger's trial, and his subsequent death at the hands of the parents of Elm Street after his acquittal Directed by Tobe Hooper, creator of The Texas Chain Saw Massacre, Freddy's acquittal is based on the arresting officer, Lt Tim Blocker, not reading him his Miranda rights, which is different from the original Nightmare that stated he was acquitted because someone forgot to sign a search warrant After the town's parents burn Freddy to death he returns to haunt Blocker in his dreams Freddy gets his revenge when Blocker is put to sleep at the dentist's office, and Freddy shows up and kills him59

Literatureedit

Since his inception in 1984, Freddy Krueger has appeared in multiple works of literature, including countless behind-the-scenes compilations, short stories, novels including novelizations and comics

Novelsedit

Between 1987 and 2003, Freddy Krueger appeared in the novelization of each of the films The first five films were adapted by St Martin's Press Those adaptations follow the films closely, with minor changes to specific details that occurred in the film A Nightmare on Elm Street 3 does not follow the respective film, instead utilizing the same plot elements to tell a different story altogether This novel also provides a different backstory for Freddy6061 In 1992, Abdo & Daughters Publishing Company released adaptations of their own for the first six films Written by Bob Italia, each was under one hundred pages and followed the films' plot626364656667 The final two books, Wes Craven's New Nightmare and Freddy vs Jason, were published by Tor Books and Black Flame These novels also followed the films closely, with the adaptation of Freddy vs Jason containing a different ending than the movie6869

Comic booksedit

Main article: A Nightmare on Elm Street comics

The popularity of the film series also led to the creation of several comic book series published by companies such as Marvel Comics, Innovation Comics, Trident Comics, Avatar Press and, most recently, WildStorm Comics Writers such as Steve Gerber, Andy Mangels, Chuck Dixon and Brian Pulido have all contributed stories to the various series There have been crossovers with other franchises, such as Freddy vs Jason vs Ash: The Nightmare Warriors

Merchandiseedit

In February 2010, Funko released a Freddy Bobblehead70 Also in 2010, NECA released a 10" puppet of Freddy Krueger from Phillip's death scene in A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors,71 a metal replica of his glove, and two action figures: Freddy before he was burned and the other being him after the burning, including two interchangeable heads72

Video gamesedit

A Nightmare on Elm Street is the shared name of two unrelated video games released in 1989, both loosely based on the series From among those films, Dream Warriors and The Dream Master were particular influences on the gameplay of each

LJN programmed by Rare released one title for the NES, and Monarch Software the other for the Commodore 64 and IBM PC compatibles

NES release Main article: A Nightmare on Elm Street video game

Up to four players control characters who jump and punch their way through Elm Street locations as they collect the bones of Freddy Krueger to place them in a furnace and end his reign of terror Each character can withstand only four hits from opponents before losing a life

An on-screen meter slowly diminishes more quickly when sustaining damage, representing how close a particular character is to falling asleep Obtaining cups of coffee within the game restores characters' sleep bar When any character's sleep bar empties, all the players are transported to the dream world, where enemies take on new appearances and are more difficult to defeat In the dream world, coffee cups are replaced with radios, which return the characters to the normal world and difficulty

Also, Dream Warrior icons appear that, once collected by any player, permit transformation into one of three "Dream Warriors" Each warrior has a projectile attack and improved movement: ninja throwing stars, jump kick, acrobat javelins, somersault, and magician fireballs, hovering These icons appear only in the normal world, and can be used only in the dream If a character remains asleep too long, the film's theme song plays and a combative encounter with Freddy ensues

Upon collecting all the bones in a level, the player is automatically put in the dream world and battles Freddy, who takes on a special form similar to those presented in the films The final level is set at Elm Street High School as players navigate to the boiler room to burn Freddy's bones Here one final battle with Freddy Krueger occurs

The game can utilize the NES Four Score or NES Satellite accessories to enable four-player gameplay

C64/IBM-PC release

The game produced by Monarch Software differs greatly from that for the NES Developed by Westwood Associates, its role-playing elements and overhead viewpoint bear some similarity to Gauntlet The player chooses to play as either Kincaid, Kristen, Will, Nancy, or Taryn on a quest to save Joey and defeat Freddy

The player must locate keys to open doors Weapons and items are scattered about the levels or can be purchased from vending machines Enemies are varied, from skeletons to wheelchairs Freddy assumes the role of "boss monster" and transforms into a snake, much like his appearance in A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Guido Henkel August 11, 1999 "A Nightmare on Elm Street DVD Box set" DVD Review Archived from the original on May 11, 2008 Retrieved April 14, 2008 
  2. ^ a b "A Nightmare on Elm Street box office rankings" Box Office Mojo IMDb Retrieved January 17, 2008 
  3. ^ Roffman, Michael "Yep, A Nightmare on Elm Street is getting remade again" Consequence of Sound Retrieved September 20, 2015 
  4. ^ Orange, B Alan "'Nightmare on Elm Street' Is Getting Remade Again" Movieweb Retrieved September 20, 2015 
  5. ^ Allen, Clark " New Line Cinema Plots New "Nightmare On Elm Street" Reboot" The Tracking Board Retrieved September 20, 2015 
  6. ^ Wes Craven Director 1984 A Nightmare on Elm Street DVD United States: New Line Cinema 
  7. ^ Jack Sholder Director 1985 A Nightmare on Elm Street 2: Freddy's Revenge DVD United States: New Line Cinema 
  8. ^ Chuck Russell Director 1987 A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors DVD United States: New Line Cinema 
  9. ^ Renny Harlin Director 1988 A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master DVD United States: New Line Cinema 
  10. ^ Stephen Hopkins Director 1989 A Nightmare on Elm Street 5: The Dream Child DVD United States: New Line Cinema 
  11. ^ Rachel Talalay Director 1991 Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare DVD United States: New Line Cinema 
  12. ^ Wes Craven Director 1994 Wes Craven's New Nightmare DVD United States: New Line Cinema 
  13. ^ Ronny Yu Director 2003 Freddy vs Jason DVD United States: New Line Cinema 
  14. ^ Samuel Bayer Director 2010 A Nightmare on Elm Street 2010 film United States: New Line Cinema 
  15. ^ CDCR Alert at Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; accessed September 13, 2009
  16. ^ Wes Craven A Nightmare on Elm Street DVD audio commentary
  17. ^ Wes Craven interview at Twitch Film; accessed November 23, 2007
  18. ^ a b Rockoff, Adam, Going to Pieces: The Rise and Fall of the Slasher Film, 1978-1986 McFarland & Company, 2002, p 151, ISBN 0-7864-1227-5
  19. ^ Biodrowski, Steve October 15, 2008 "Wes Craven on Dreaming Up Nightmares" Cinefantastique Retrieved November 22, 2007 
  20. ^ Fleming, Michael January 29, 2008 "New Line sets up new 'Nightmare'" Variety Reed Business Information Retrieved January 29, 2008 
  21. ^ Rotten, Ryan December 11, 2008 "Nightmare on Elm Street is Go, Shooting in Spring" Shock Till You Drop CraveOnline Retrieved June 20, 2009 
  22. ^ Parfitt, Orlando June 9, 2009 "Craven's Elm Street Nightmare Exclusive: Original director angry over remake" IGN Entertainment News Corporation Retrieved June 19, 2009 
  23. ^ McCabe, Joseph June 27, 2009 "Robert Englund on Jackie Earle Haley and the 'Nightmare' Remake!" FEARnet Horror Entertainment Retrieved June 29, 2009 
  24. ^ "Tom's Inflation Calculator" Halfhillcom Archived from the original on January 26, 2011 Retrieved January 17, 2011 
  25. ^ "Friday the 13th box office ranking" Box Office Mojo IMDb Retrieved January 17, 2008 
  26. ^ "The Hannibal Lector series box office rankings" Box Office Mojo IMDb Retrieved January 17, 2008 
  27. ^ "Halloween box office rankings" Box Office Mojo IMDb Retrieved January 17, 2008 
  28. ^ "Saw box office rankings" Box Office Mojo IMDb Retrieved September 5, 2008 
  29. ^ "Scream box office rankings" Box Office Mojo IMDb Retrieved January 17, 2008 
  30. ^ "Psycho box office rankings" Box Office Mojo IMDb Retrieved January 17, 2008 
  31. ^ "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre box office rankings" Box Office Mojo IMDb Retrieved January 17, 2008 
  32. ^ "Child's Play box office rankings" Box Office Mojo IMDb Retrieved January 17, 2008 
  33. ^ John Kenneth Muir February 24, 2004 Wes Craven: The Art of Horror McFarland p 18 ISBN 0-7864-1923-7 
  34. ^ "A Nightmare on Elm Street 1984" Box Office Mojo IMDb Retrieved December 10, 2007 
  35. ^ "A Nightmare on Elm Street 2 budget" The Numbers Nash Information Services Archived from the original on December 22, 2007 Retrieved January 24, 2008 
  36. ^ "A Nightmare on Elm Street 2: Freddy's Dead 1985" Box Office Mojo IMDb Retrieved December 10, 2007 
  37. ^ "A Nightmare on Elm Street 3 budget" The-Numbers Nash Information Services Archived from the original on December 11, 2007 Retrieved January 24, 2008 
  38. ^ "A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors 1987" Box Office Mojo IMDb Retrieved December 10, 2007 
  39. ^ "A Nightmare on Elm Street 4 budget" The-Numbers Nash Information Services Retrieved January 24, 2008 
  40. ^ "A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master 1988" Box Office Mojo IMDb Retrieved December 10, 2007 
  41. ^ "A Nightmare on Elm Street 5 budget" The-Numbers Nash Information Services Retrieved January 24, 2008 
  42. ^ "A Nightmare on Elm Street 5: The Dream Child 1989" Box Office Mojo IMDb Retrieved December 10, 2007 
  43. ^ "Freddy's Dead budget" The-Numbers Nash Information Services Retrieved January 24, 2008 
  44. ^ "Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare 1991" Box Office Mojo IMDb Retrieved December 10, 2007 
  45. ^ "New Nightmare budget" The-Numbers Nash Information Services Archived from the original on May 26, 2009 Retrieved June 9, 2009 
  46. ^ "Wes Craven's New Nightmare 1994" Box Office Mojo IMDb Retrieved December 10, 2007 
  47. ^ "Freddy VS Jason budget" The-Numbers Nash Information Services Archived from the original on May 22, 2009 Retrieved June 9, 2009 
  48. ^ "Freddy vs Jason 2003" Box Office Mojo IMDb Retrieved June 12, 2007 
  49. ^ Fritz, Ben April 29, 2010 "Movie projector: 'Nightmare' to rule at home with $30 million while 'Iron Man 2' explodes to $100 million-plus overseas" Los Angeles Times Tribune Company Archived from the original on May 2, 2010 Retrieved April 30, 2010 The new "Nightmare" isn’t expected to do quite that well but should still be a solid performer for the studio given its production budget of about $35 million 
  50. ^ "A Nightmare on Elm Street 2010 main page" Box Office Mojo Internet Movie Database Archived from the original on May 12, 2010 Retrieved May 12, 2010 
  51. ^ Michael Gingold September 21, 2009 "Exclusive promo art, comments on Nightmare docu Never Sleep Again" Fangoria Retrieved September 22, 2009 
  52. ^ "Interview: Up All Night With "Never Sleep Again"" Fangoria Retrieved May 16, 2010 
  53. ^ "Interview: Never Sleep Again: Dan Farrands, Andrew Kasch and Thommy Hutson Speak!" Dread Central Archived from the original on May 9, 2010 Retrieved May 16, 2010 
  54. ^ Joseph McCabe April 20, 2010 "Get a Free 'Elm Street' Poster Signed by Nancy" FearNet Archived from the original on April 24, 2010 Retrieved May 16, 2010 
  55. ^ Gingold, Michael "DVD review: Never Sleep Again: The Elm Street Legacy" Fangoria Retrieved May 16, 2010 
  56. ^ Daley, Ryan "review: Never Sleep Again: The Elm Street Legacy" Bloody Disgusting Archived from the original on May 4, 2010 Retrieved May 16, 2010 
  57. ^ Hyman, Nick "review: Never Sleep Again: The Elm Street Legacy" Under The Radar Archived from the original on May 11, 2010 Retrieved May 16, 2010 
  58. ^ "Freddy's Nightmares DVD" TV Addicts Retrieved February 3, 2008 
  59. ^ ""No More Mr Nice Guy" summary" I-Mockerycom Archived from the original on February 13, 2008 Retrieved February 3, 2008 
  60. ^ Jeffrey Cooper February 1987 The Nightmares on Elm Street Parts 1, 2, 3: The Continuing Story St Martins Mass Market Paper p 216 ISBN 0-312-90517-3 
  61. ^ Joseph Locke July 1989 The Nightmares on Elm Street Parts 4 & 5 St Martin's Press p 188 ISBN 0-312-91764-3 
  62. ^ Bob Italia 1992 The Nightmares on Elm Street Abdo & Daughters Publishing p 64 ISBN 1-56239-156-9 
  63. ^ Bob Italia 1992 The Nightmares on Elm Street 2: Freddy's Revenger Abdo & Daughters Publishing p 64 ISBN 1-56239-157-7 
  64. ^ Bob Italia 1992 The Nightmares on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors Abdo & Daughters Publishing p 64 ISBN 1-56239-158-5 
  65. ^ Bob Italia 1992 The Nightmares on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master Abdo & Daughters Publishing p 64 ISBN 1-56239-159-3 
  66. ^ Bob Italia July 1992 The Nightmares on Elm Street 5: The Dream Child Abdo & Daughters Publishing p 64 ISBN 1-56239-160-7 
  67. ^ Bob Italia September 1992 Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare Abdo & Daughters Publishing p 64 ISBN 1-56239-161-5 
  68. ^ David Bergantino November 15, 1994 Wes Craven's New Nightmare Tor Books p 216 ISBN 0-8125-5166-4 
  69. ^ Stephen Hand July 29, 2003 Freddy vs Jason Black Flame ISBN 1-84416-059-9 
  70. ^ "Freddy Is Ready to Bobble in Your Dreams" DreadCentral 
  71. ^ "Toy Fair '10: NECA's Incredibly Creepy Freddy Krueger Puppet" Bloody Disgusting February 14, 2010 Retrieved March 26, 2010 
  72. ^ "Toy Fair '10: New Freddy Krueger Figures Reveal New Glove!!" Bloody Disgusting February 14, 2010 Retrieved March 26, 2010 

External linksedit

  • A Nightmare on Elm Street portal
  • 1980s portal
Films
  • A Nightmare on Elm Street at the Internet Movie Database
  • A Nightmare on Elm Street 2: Freddy's Revenge at the Internet Movie Database
  • A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors at the Internet Movie Database
  • A Nightmare on Elm Street 4: The Dream Master at the Internet Movie Database
  • A Nightmare on Elm Street 5: The Dream Child at the Internet Movie Database
  • Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare at the Internet Movie Database
  • Wes Craven's New Nightmare at the Internet Movie Database
  • Freddy vs Jason at the Internet Movie Database
  • A Nightmare on Elm Street 2010 at the Internet Movie Database
Video games
  • A Nightmare on Elm Street at MobyGames
  • PC Game Review at I-Mockery
Miscellaneous
  • Nightmare on Elm Street Companion

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Fernando Montes de Oca Fencing Hall

Fernando Montes de Oca Fencing Hall

The Fernando Montes de Oca Fencing Hall is an indoor sports venue located in the Magdalena Mixhuca S...
My Everything (The Grace song)

My Everything (The Grace song)

"My Everything" was Grace's 3rd single under the SM Entertainment, released on November 6, 2006 Unli...
Turkish Straits

Turkish Straits

The Turkish Straits Turkish: Türk Boğazları are a series of internationally significant waterways in...