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4chan is an English-language imageboard website Users generally post anonymously, with the most recent posts appearing above the rest 4chan is split into various boards with their own specific content and guidelines Registration is not required, nor is it possible except for staff

Launched on October 1, 2003, its boards were originally used for posting pictures and discussing manga and anime, as the site was modeled on Japanese imageboards, particularly 2chan The site quickly became popular and expanded, though much of 4chan's content still features otaku, anime, and other Japanese cultural influences

The site has been linked to Internet subcultures and activism, most notably Anonymous, the alt-right and Project Chanology 4chan users have been responsible for the formation or popularization of Internet memes such as lolcats, Rickrolling, "Chocolate Rain", Pedobear and many others The site's "Random" board, also known as "/b/", was one of the site's first forums, and is the one that receives the most traffic As its name suggests, the Random board has minimal rules on posted content Gawker once jokingly claimed that "reading /b/ will melt your brain" The site's anonymous community and culture have often provoked media attention For media planners, this enterprise is "further proof that creativity is everywhere and new media is less accessible" to advertisement agencies

4chan users have been instrumental in pranks such as hijacking Internet destinations to cause images of Rick Astley to appear in place of their content, coordinating attacks against other websites and Internet users, and posting threats of violence in order to elicit individual and public reactions The Guardian once summarized the 4chan community as "lunatic, juvenile brilliant, ridiculous and alarming"


  • 1 Background
  • 2 History
    • 21 Christopher Poole
  • 3 Links to Anonymous and Project Chanology
  • 4 Notable imageboards
    • 41 /b/
    • 42 /pol/
  • 5 Internet memes
    • 51 Lolcats
    • 52 Rickrolling
    • 53 "Chocolate Rain"
    • 54 Boxxy
    • 55 Pedobear
  • 6 Other media attention
    • 61 "This post is art"
    • 62 Arrests for animal abuse
  • 7 Controversies
    • 71 Internet attacks
    • 72 Threats of violence
    • 73 Arrests for child pornography and cyberbullying
    • 74 Celebrity photo leaks
    • 75 Gamergate
    • 76 Murder in Port Orchard, Washington
  • 8 ISP bans
    • 81 AT&T temporary ban
    • 82 Verizon temporary ban
  • 9 See also
  • 10 Notes
  • 11 References
  • 12 External links


Christopher Poole, 4chan's founder, at XOXO Festival in 2012

The activity of 4chan takes place on message boards and imageboards The website is split into six categories: Japanese culture, Interests, Creative, Adult 18+, Other, and Misc 18+ These provide for on-topic boards to discuss anime, manga, technology, sport, photography, music, hentai, torrents, travel, physical fitness, as well as a random board 4chan originally hosted discussion boards on a separate domain called "world4ch", but these were later moved to the dis4chanorg subdomain The site has had at least one employee, a programmer whom 4chan's founder Christopher Poole met via online Tetris All other moderators are volunteers The /b/ Random, /v/ Video games, /a/ Anime and Manga, and /s/ explicit images boards are respectively the site's first, second, third, and fourth most popular boards

4chan is one of the Internet's most trafficked imageboards, according to the Los Angeles Times 4chan's Alexa rank is generally around 700, though it has been as high as number 56 at times It is provided to its users free of charge and consumes a large amount of bandwidth; as a result, its financing has often been problematic Poole acknowledges that donations alone cannot keep the site online, so he has turned to advertising to help make ends meet However, the explicit content hosted on 4chan has deterred businesses who do not want to be associated with the site's content In January 2009, Poole signed a new deal with an advertising company; in February 2009, he was $20,000 in debt and the site was continuing to lose money The 4chan servers were moved from Texas to California in August 2008, which upgraded the maximum bandwidth throughput of 4chan from 100Mbit/s to 1Gbit/s

Unlike most web forums, 4chan does not have a registration system, allowing users to post anonymously Any nickname may be used when posting, even one that has been previously adopted, such as "Anonymous" or "moot" In place of registration, 4chan has provided tripcodes as an optional form of authenticating a poster's identity As making a post without filling in the "Name" field causes posts to be attributed to "Anonymous", general understanding on 4chan holds that Anonymous is not a single person but a collective hive of users Moderators generally post without a name even when performing sysop actions A "capcode" may be used to attribute the post to "Anonymous ## Mod", although moderators often post without the capcode In a 2011 interview on Nico Nico Douga, Poole explained that there are approximately 20 volunteer moderators active on 4chan 4chan also has a junior moderation team, called "janitors", who may delete posts or images and suggest that the normal moderation team ban a user, but who can not post with a capcode Revealing oneself as a janitor is grounds for immediate dismissal

4chan has been the target of occasional denial of service attacks For instance, on December 28, 2010, 4chan and other websites went down due to such an attack, following which Poole said on his blog, "We now join the ranks of MasterCard, Visa, PayPal, et al—an exclusive club!"


4chan was started in 2003 in the bedroom of Christopher Poole, a then-15-year-old student from New York City whose 4chan handle is "moot" Prior to starting 4chan, Poole had been a regular participant on the Something Awful forums He intended 4chan to be a place to discuss Japanese comics and anime, as an American counterpart to the popular Japanese Futaba Channel "2chan" imageboard Upon the creation of 4chan, Poole encouraged users from the Something Awful subforum titled "Anime Death Tentacle Rape Whorehouse", who also happened to be dissatisfied with the forum, to discuss anime on his website Poole originally used the Futaba Channel to obtain anime-related images, and liked the concept of a message board where people anonymously shared images, which eventually led to his idea of creating a similar English-based website During the creation of 4chan, he obtained the source code for the Futaba Channel website, and translated the Japanese text into English using Altavista's Babelfish online translator When he first created the website, it had only two boards: "/a/ – Anime/General" and "/b/ – Anime/Random"; more boards were created over time, and /b/ was eventually renamed to simply "/b/ – Random"

During the early days of 4chan, the boards that originally existed were the anime, random, cute, hentai, and yaoi boards; a lolicon board also existed at /l/, but after being disabled for a week around the turn of the year 2004 it was removed in October 2004 The /g/ board also was initially dedicated to guro, before it was deleted and later remade as the "technology" board During 2004, 4chan briefly went offline, then returned fully online a few months later Following 4chan's return, non-anime related boards, such as the weapons, automobile, and video games boards, were introduced In 2008, the "Japan/General" board at /jp/ was created for topics that did not fit under the anime and manga category of /a/; /jp/ was later renamed to "Otaku Culture"

In January 2011, Poole announced the deletion of the /r9k/ "ROBOT9000" and /new/ News boards, saying that /new/ had become devoted to racist discussions, and /r9k/ no longer served its original purpose of being a test implementation of xkcd's ROBOT9000 script During the same year, the /soc/ board was created in an effort to reduce the number of socialization threads on /b/ /r9k/ was restored on October 23, 2011, along with /hc/ "Hardcore", previously deleted, /pol/ a rebranding of /new/ and the new /diy/ board, in addition to an apology by Poole where he recalls how he criticized the deletion of Encyclopedia Dramatica, and realized that he had done the same

In 2010, 4chan had implemented reCAPTCHA in an effort to thwart spam arising from JavaScript worms By November 2011, 4chan made the transition to utilizing CloudFlare following a series of distributed denial of service attacks The 4chan imageboards were rewritten in valid HTML5/CSS3 in May 2012 in an effort to improve client-side performance On September 28, 2012, 4chan introduced a "4chan pass" that, when purchased, "allows users to bypass typing a reCAPTCHA verification when posting and reporting posts on the 4chan image boards"; the money raised from the passes will go towards supporting the site

Hiroyuki Nishimura, the owner of 4chan since 2015

On January 21, 2015, moot stepped down as the site's administrator On September 21, 2015, moot announced that Hiroyuki Nishimura had purchased from him the ownership rights to 4chan, without disclosing the terms of the acquisition Nishimura was the former administrator of 2channel between 1999 and 2014, the website forming the basis for anonymous posting culture which influenced later websites such as Futaba Channel and 4chan; Nishimura lost the rights for 2channel to ex-US Army officer Jim Watkins following financial difficulties and a series of scandals involving Nishimura's alleged datamining and sales of 2channel personal user data to political parties

In October 2016, it was reported that the site was facing financial difficulties that could lead to its closure or radical changes In a post titled "Winter is Coming", Hiroyuki Nishimura said "We had tried to keep 4chan as is But I failed I am sincerely sorry", citing server costs, infrastructure costs and network fees

Christopher Poole

Poole kept his real-life identity hidden until it was revealed on July 9, 2008, in The Wall Street Journal Before that time he had used the alias "moot"

In April 2009, Poole was voted the world's most influential person of 2008 by an open Internet poll conducted by Time magazine The results were questioned even before the poll completed, as automated voting programs and manual ballot stuffing were used to influence the vote 4chan's interference with the vote seemed increasingly likely, when it was found that reading the first letter of the first 21 candidates in the poll spelled out a phrase containing two 4chan memes: "mARBLECAKE ALSO, THE GAME"

On September 12, 2009, Poole gave a talk on why 4chan has a reputation as a "Meme Factory" at the Paraflows Symposium in Vienna, Austria, which was part of the Paraflows 09 festival, themed Urban Hacking In this talk, Poole mainly attributed this to the anonymous system, and to the lack of data retention on the site "The site has no memory"

In April 2010, Poole gave evidence in the trial United States of America v David Kernell as a government witness As a witness, he explained the terminology used on 4chan to the prosecutor, ranging from "OP" to "lurker" He also explained to the court the nature of the data given to the FBI as part of the search warrant, including how users can be uniquely identified from site audit logs

Links to Anonymous and Project Chanology

See also: Anonymous group and Project Chanology

4chan has been labeled as the starting point of the Anonymous meme by The Baltimore City Paper, due to the norm of posts signed with the "Anonymous" moniker The National Post's David George-Cosh said it has been "widely reported" that Anonymous is associated with 4chan and 711chan, as well as numerous Internet Relay Chat IRC channels

Through its association with Anonymous, 4chan has become associated with Project Chanology, a worldwide protest against the Church of Scientology held by members of Anonymous On January 15, 2008, a 4chan user posted to /b/, suggesting participants "do something big" against the Church of Scientology's website This message resulted in the Church receiving threatening phone calls It quickly grew into a large real-world protest Unlike previous Anonymous attacks, this action was characterized by 4chan memes including rickrolls and Guy Fawkes masks The raid drew criticism from some 4chan users who felt it would bring the site undesirable attention

Notable imageboards

As of January 2016, 4chan hosts 66 discussion-based imageboards, one upload-only Flash board, and a number of trial boards


The "random" board, /b/, follows the design of Futaba Channel's Nijiura board It was the first board created, and is by far 4chan's most popular board, with 30% of site traffic Gawkercom's Nick Douglas summarized /b/ as a board where "people try to shock, entertain, and coax free porn from each other" /b/ has a "no rules" policy, except for bans on certain illegal content, such as child pornography, invasions of other websites posting floods of disruptive content, and under-18 viewing, all of which are inherited from site-wide rules The "no invasions" rule was added in late 2006, after /b/ users spent most of the summer "invading" Habbo Hotel The "no rules" policy also applies to actions of administrators and moderators, which means that users may be banned at any time, for any reason, including no reason at all Due partially to its anonymous nature, board moderation is not always successful—indeed, the site's anti-child pornography rule is a subject of jokes on /b/ Christopher Poole told The New York Times, in a discussion on the moderation of /b/, that "the power lies in the community to dictate its own standards" and that site staff simply provided a framework

The humor of /b/'s many users, who refer to themselves as "/b/tards", is often incomprehensible to newcomers and outsiders, and is characterized by intricate inside jokes and dark comedy Users often refer to each other, and much of the outside world, as fags They are often referred to by outsiders as trolls, who regularly act with the intention of "doing it for the lulz": a corruption of "LOL" used to denote amusement at another's expense The New York Observer has described posters as "immature pranksters whose bad behavior is encouraged by the site's total anonymity and the absence of an archive" Douglas said of the board, "reading /b/ will melt your brain", and cited Encyclopedia Dramatica's definition of /b/ as "the asshole of the Internets " Mattathias Schwartz of The New York Times likened /b/ to "a high-school bathroom stall, or an obscene telephone party line", while Baltimore City Paper wrote that "in the high school of the Internet, /b/ is the kid with a collection of butterfly knives and a locker full of porn" Wired describes /b/ as "notorious"

Each post is assigned a post number Certain post numbers are sought after with a large amount of posting taking place to "GET" them A "GET" occurs when a post's number ends in a special number, such as 12345678, 22222222, or every millionth post A sign of 4chan's scaling, according to Poole, was when GETs lost meaning due to the high post rate resulting in a GET occurring every few weeks He estimated /b/'s post rate in July 2008 to be 150,000–200,000 posts per day


/pol/ "Politically Incorrect" is 4chan's political discussion board A stickied thread on its front page states that the board's intended purpose is "discussion of news, world events, political issues, and other related topics" /pol/ was created in October 2011 as a rebranding of 4chan's news board, /new/, which was deleted that January for a high volume of racist discussion

Media sources have characterized /pol/ as predominantly racist and sexist, with many of its posts taking an explicitly neo-Nazi bent The Southern Poverty Law Center regards /pol/'s rhetorical style as widely emulated by white supremacist websites such as The Daily Stormer; the Stormer's editor, Andrew Anglin, concurred

/pol/ was where screenshots of Trayvon Martin's hacked social media accounts were initially posted The board's users have started antifeminist, transphobic, and anti-Arab Twitter campaigns

Internet memes

Many Internet memes – catchphrases or images that spread quickly, peer to peer, across the Internet – have originated on 4chan, usually /b/, as its fast moving, crowd psychology nature enables content to quickly be passed on to large numbers of viewers Other memes originating on the site have gained media attention of a lesser degree These include "So I herd u liek mudkipz" , which involves a phrase based on Pokémon and which generated numerous YouTube tribute videos, and the term "an hero" as a synonym for suicide, after a misspelling in the Myspace online memorial of seventh grader Mitchell Henderson 4chan, and other websites, such as the satirical Encyclopedia Dramatica, have also contributed to the development of significant amounts of leetspeak Adult fans of My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic are also known to frequent 4chan, having had a board dedicated to their interest


Main article: Lolcat A lolcat image using the "I'm in ur" format

A lolcat is an image combining a photograph of a cat with text intended to contribute humour The text is often idiosyncratic and grammatically incorrect In 2005, the meme was widely popularized by 4chan in the form of "Caturday" Every Saturday, users posted pictures of cats with image macros relating to that day's theme


Main article: Rickrolling

In 2005, a meme known as the "duckroll" began, after Poole used a word filter to change "egg" to "duck" across 4chan Thus, words such as "eggroll" were changed to "duckroll" This led to a bait-and-switch in which external links disguised as relevant to a discussion instead led to a picture of a duck on wheels

An unidentified 4chan user applied the concept of the duckroll to a 2007 post relating to the video game Grand Theft Auto IV In March of that year, the game's trailer had been released, and the game's immense popularity caused publisher Rockstar Games' website to crash The user posted a YouTube link that purportedly led to the trailer, but in reality directed users the music video for Rick Astley's 1987 song "Never Gonna Give You Up" Thus, the "rickroll" was born In an interview with the Los Angeles Times, Astley said he found the meme "bizarre and funny"

"Chocolate Rain"

Main article: Chocolate Rain

A link to the YouTube video of Tay Zonday's song "Chocolate Rain" was posted on /b/ on July 11, 2007 The Age reported that 4chan posters urged each other to "swarm" the video on YouTube and thus increase its ranking The video became an immensely popular Internet meme, resulting in cover versions by John Mayer and Green Day drummer Tré Cool The portion of the song in which Zonday turns away from the microphone, with a caption stating "I move away from the mic to breathe in", became an oft-repeated meme on 4chan and inspired remixes


Main article: Boxxy

The character of Boxxy is portrayed by Catherine "Catie" Wayne, an American Internet celebrity known for her highly energetic vlogs Her rise to exposure began in late 2008 and early 2009, surrounding self-made videos that were initially made to be posted to her Gaia Online profile They then spread to 4chan and other sites, resulting in a large online following


Main article: Pedobear

In his American incarnation, Pedobear is an anthropomorphic bear child predator that is often used within the community to mock contributors showing a sexual interest in children Pedobear is one of the most popular memes on non-English imageboards, and has gained recognition across Europe In February 2010, a photoshopped version of Pedobear appeared along with mascots of the 2010 Winter Olympics in an article on the games in Gazeta Olsztyńska, a Polish newspaper This was done accidentally; due to the image being used from Google Images, the authors were unaware of the joke Similarly, the Dutch television guide Avrobode used one of the images It has been used as a symbol of pedophilia by Maltese graffiti vandals prior to a papal visit

Other media attention

"This post is art"

On July 30, 2014, an anonymous user made a reply in a thread on the board /pol/ "Politically Incorrect" of 4chan, criticizing modern art in an ironic fashion, saying

Art used to be something to cherish

Now literally anything could be art

This post is art — Anonymous,

Less than an hour later the post was photographed off the screen and framed by another user who posted another reply in the thread with a photo of the framed quote Later the user, after endorsement by other anonymous users in the thread, created an auction on eBay for the framed photo which quickly rose to high prices, culminating in a price of $90,90000

Arrests for animal abuse

On February 15, 2009, a user uploaded two YouTube videos that showed the physical abuse of a domestic cat named Dusty by a person calling himself "Timmy" The 4chan community was able to track down the originator of the videos, a fourteen-year-old from Lawton, Oklahoma, and passed his details to his local police department As a result of this, a suspect was arrested and the cat was treated by a veterinarian and taken to a safe place


Internet attacks

See also: Anonymous group § 4chan raids 2003–2007, and Sarah Palin email hack

According to the Washington Post, "the site's users have managed to pull off some of the highest-profile collective actions in the history of the Internet"

Users of 4chan and other websites "raided" Hal Turner by launching DDoS attacks and prank calling his phone-in radio show during December 2006 and January 2007 The attacks caused Turner's website to go offline This cost thousands of dollars of bandwidth bills according to Turner In response, Turner sued 4chan, 7chan, and other websites; however, he lost his plea for an injunction and failed to receive letters from the court

KTTV Fox 11 aired a report on Anonymous, calling them a group of "hackers on steroids", "domestic terrorists", and collectively an "Internet hate machine" on July 26, 2007 Slashdot founder Rob Malda posted a comment made by another Slashdot user, Miang, stating that the story focused mainly on users of "4chan, 7chan and 420chan" Miang claimed that the report "seems to confuse /b/ raids and motivational poster templates with a genuine threat to the American public", arguing that the "unrelated" footage of a van exploding shown in the report was to "equate anonymous posting with domestic terror"

On July 10, 2008, the swastika CJK unicode character 卐 appeared at the top of Google's Hot Trends list—a tally of the most popular search terms in the United States—for several hours It was later reported that the HTML numeric character reference for the symbol had been posted on /b/, with a request to perform a Google search for the string A multitude of /b/ visitors followed the order and pushed the symbol to the top of the chart, though Google later removed the result

Later that year, the private Yahoo! Mail account of Sarah Palin, Republican vice presidential candidate in the 2008 United States presidential election, was hacked by a 4chan user This followed criticism of Palin and other politicians supposedly using private email accounts for governmental work The hacker posted the account's password on /b/, and screenshots from within the account to Wikileaks A /b/ user then logged in and changed the password, posting a screenshot of his sending an email to a friend of Palin's informing her of the new password on the /b/ thread However, he forgot to blank out the password in the screenshot A multitude of /b/ users attempted to log in with the new password, and the account was automatically locked out by Yahoo! The incident was criticized by some /b/ users, in that most reports on the hack focused on 4chan, rather than Palin's violation of campaign law One user commented, "seriously, /b/ We could have changed history and failed, epically" The FBI and Secret Service began investigating the incident shortly after its occurrence On September 20 it was revealed they were questioning David Kernell, the son of Democratic Tennessee State Representative Mike Kernell

The stock price of Apple Inc fell significantly in October 2008 after a hoax story was submitted to CNN's user-generated news site iReportcom claiming that company CEO Steve Jobs had suffered a major heart attack The source of the story was traced back to 4chan

In May 2009, members of the site attacked YouTube, posting pornographic videos on the site A 4chan member acknowledged being part of the attack, telling the BBC that it was in response to YouTube "deleting music" In January 2010, members of the site attacked YouTube again in response to the suspension of YouTube user lukeywes1234 for failing to meet the minimum age requirement of thirteen The videos uploaded by the user had apparently become popular with 4chan members, who subsequently became angered after the account was suspended and called for a new wave of pornographic videos to be uploaded to YouTube on January 6, 2010 Later the same year, 4chan made numerous disruptive pranks directed at singer Justin Bieber

In September 2010, in retaliation against the Bollywood film industry's hiring of Aiplex Software to launch cyberattacks against The Pirate Bay, Anonymous members, recruited through posts on 4chan boards, subsequently initiated their own attacks, dubbed Operation Payback, targeting the website of the Motion Picture Association of America and the Recording Industry Association of America The targeted websites usually went offline for a short period of time due to the attacks, before recovering

The website of the UK law firm ACS:Law, which was associated with an anti-piracy client, was affected by the cyber-attack In retaliation for the initial attacks being called only a minor nuisance, Anonymous launched more attacks, bringing the site down yet again After coming back up, the front page accidentally revealed a backup file of the entire website, which contained over 300 megabytes of private company emails, which were leaked to several torrents and across several sites on the Internet It has been suggested that the data leak could cost the law firm up to £500,000 in fines for breaching British Data Protection Laws In January 2011, BBC News reported that the law firm have announced they are to stop "chasing illegal file-sharers" Head of ACS:Law Andrew Crossley in a statement to a court addressed issues which influenced the decision to back down "I have ceased my work  I have been subject to criminal attack My e-mails have been hacked I have had death threats and bomb threats"

In August 2012, 4chan users attacked a third-party sponsored Mountain Dew campaign, Dub the Dew, where users were asked to submit and vote on name ideas for a green apple flavor of the drink Users submitted entries such as "Diabeetus", "Fapple", several variations of "Gushing Granny", and "Hitler did nothing wrong"

Threats of violence

On October 18, 2006, the Department of Homeland Security warned National Football League officials in Miami, New York City, Atlanta, Seattle, Houston, Oakland, and Cleveland about a possible threat involving the simultaneous use of dirty bombs at stadiums The threat claimed that the attack would be carried out on October 22, the final day of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan Both the FBI and the Department of Homeland Security expressed doubt concerning the credibility of the threats, but warned the relevant organizations as a precaution The games proceeded as planned but under a higher level of security awareness The threats came to light in the national media after Jake Brahm admitted to having posted the threats on 4chan and repeating them on other websites approximately 40 times

Hello, /b/ On September 11, 2007, at 9:11 am Central time, two pipe bombs will be remote-detonated at Pflugerville High School Promptly after the blast, I, along with two ther Anonymous, will charge the building, armed with a Bushmaster AR-15, IMI Galil AR, a vintage, government-issue M1 30 Carbine, and a Benelli M4 semi auto shotgun

—The Pflugerville threat

Brahm did not expect the message to be taken seriously since he "would never take anything posted on 4chan as fact"; an FBI official was quoted as saying the "credibility of was beyond ridiculous" As a parody of the incident, 4chan temporarily added "Don't mess with football" as an additional rule for /b/ On October 20, 2006, Brahm turned himself in to federal authorities, and was charged with fabricating a fake terrorist threat and taken into custody On February 28, 2008, he pleaded guilty to the federal charges On June 5, 2008, he was sentenced to six months in prison, six months' house arrest, and ordered to pay $26,750 in restitution

Around midnight on September 11, 2007, a student posted photographs of mock pipe bombs and another photograph of him holding them while saying he would blow up his high school—Pflugerville High School in Pflugerville, Texas—at 9:11 am on September 11 Users of 4chan helped to track him down by finding the perpetrator's father's name in the Exif data of a photograph he took, and contacted the police He was arrested before school began that day The incident turned out to be a hoax; the "weapons" were toys and there were no actual bombs

Jarrad Willis, a 20-year-old from Melbourne, Australia was arrested on December 8, 2007, after apparently posting on 4chan that he was "going to shoot and kill as many people as I can until which time I am incapacitated or killed by the police" The post, accompanied by an image of another man holding a shotgun, threatened a shopping mall near Beverly Hills While the investigation was still open, Willis was charged with criminal defamation for a separate incident but died before the case was heard

On February 4, 2009, a posting on the 4chan /b/ board said there would be a school shooting at St Eskils Gymnasium in Eskilstuna, Sweden, leading 1250 students and 50 teachers to be evacuated A 21-year-old man was arrested after 4chan provided the police with the IP address of the poster Police said that the suspect called it off as a joke, and they released him after they found no indication that the threat was serious

On January 21, 2014, an anonymous poster started a thread on /b/ identifying a student named Westley Sullivan who apparently went to the same high school as the poster The original post included a link to Westley Sullivan's Facebook profile, which has since been taken down, and a screenshot of a post which said "if fairview isnt closed tomorrow im going to blow it up", referring to Sullivan's high school, Fairview High School, in Fairview, Kentucky A few anonymous individuals went to Sullivan's Facebook profile and found his address, phone number, school ID number, school schedule and teachers, and other personal information Information like his teachers and ID number had been posted directly, and the more personal information like his address was found in the EXIF data of some of the pictures posted on his profile These individuals then contacted Fairview school officials and the local police department, as well as the FBI The next day it was learned that police had arrested Sullivan in his home and he had been charged with 2nd degree terroristic threatening, a Class D felony in Kentucky

Arrests for child pornography and cyberbullying

On November 29, 2010, Ali Saad, a 19-year-old, was arrested and had his home raided by the FBI for posting child pornography and death threats on 4chan Ali had first visited 4chan "a week before happened" He admitted to downloading about 25 child pornography images from 4chan

In January 2011, Matthew Riskin Bean, a 20-year-old man from New Jersey was sentenced to 45 days in prison for cyberbullying on 4chan

Collin Campbell, a US Navy Machinist's Mate, was arrested in February 2011 after a fellow seaman found child pornography on his iPhone that he downloaded entirely from 4chan

Ronald Ohlson, 37, was raided April 2011, at his upstate New York home by the Department of Homeland Security after he obtained child pornography from 4chan

In May 2011, Lucas Henderson, a 22-year-old Rochester Institute of Technology student, was arrested for counterfeit couponing on 4chan

After 4chan reported a 15-year-old boy in California who posted child pornography, the United States Department of Homeland Security raided his home on June 7, 2011, and took all electronic items

On February 17, 2012, Thaddeus McMichael was arrested by the FBI for child pornography charges, after posting comments on Facebook claiming that he possessed child pornography According to the official criminal complaint filed against Thaddeus, he admitted to obtaining child pornography from the /b/ board on 4chan

Celebrity photo leaks

Main article: August 2014 celebrity photo leaks

On August 31, 2014, a large number of private photographs taken by celebrities were posted online due to a compromise of user passwords at iCloud The images were initially posted on 4chan As a result of the incident, 4chan announced that it would enforce a Digital Millennium Copyright Act policy, which would allow content owners to remove material that had been shared on the site illegally, and would ban users who repeatedly posted stolen material


See also: Gamergate controversy

Also in August 2014, 4chan was involved in the Gamergate controversy, which began with false allegations about indie game developer Zoë Quinn Later, users of 4chan began donating to The Fine Young Capitalists, which had been involved in a dispute with Quinn, donating thousands of dollars to the group's women in video games project through Indiegogo; 4chan also created a video game character, Vivian James, to be used by The Fine Young Capitalists in their project, who became an unofficial mascot for GamerGate supporters Discussion regarding Gamergate was banned on 4chan due to alleged rule violations, and Gamergate supporters moved to alternate forums such as 8chan

Murder in Port Orchard, Washington

According to court documents filed on November 5, 2014, there were images posted to 4chan that appeared to be of a murder victim The body was discovered in Port Orchard, Washington, after the images were posted The posts were accompanied by the text: "Turns out it's way harder to strangle someone to death than it looks on the movies" A later post said: "Check the news for Port Orchard, Washington, in a few hours Her son will be home from school soon He'll find her, then call the cops I just wanted to share the pics before they find me" The victim was Amber Lynn Coplin, aged 30 The suspect, 33-year-old David Michael Kalac, surrendered to police in Oregon later the same day; he was charged with second-degree murder involving domestic violence

ISP bans

AT&T temporary ban

On July 26, 2009, AT&T's DSL branch temporarily blocked access to the img4chanorg domain host of /b/ and /r9k/, which was initially believed to be an attempt at Internet censorship, and met with hostility on 4chan's part The next day, AT&T issued a statement claiming that the block was put in place after an AT&T customer was affected by a DoS attack originating from IP addresses connected to img4chanorg, and was an attempt to "prevent this attack from disrupting service for the impacted AT&T customer, and our other customers" AT&T maintains that the block was not related to the content on 4chan

4chan's founder Christopher Poole responded with the following:

In the end, this wasn't a sinister act of censorship, but rather a bit of a mistake and a poorly executed, disproportionate response on AT&T's part Whoever pulled the trigger on blackholing the site probably didn't anticipate the consequences of doing so We're glad to see this short-lived debacle has prompted renewed interest and debate over net neutrality and Internet censorship—two very important issues that don't get nearly enough attention—so perhaps this was all just a blessing in disguise

Major news outlets have reported that the issue may be related to the DDoS-ing of 4chan, and that 4chan users suspected the then-owner of Swedish-based website Anontalkcom

Verizon temporary ban

On February 4, 2010, 4chan started receiving reports from Verizon Wireless customers that they were having difficulties accessing the site's image boards After investigating, Poole found out that only the traffic on port 80 to the boards4chanorg domain was affected, leading members to believe that the block was intentional Three days later, Verizon Wireless confirmed that 4chan was "explicitly blocked" The block was lifted several days later

See also

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  1. ^ a b c d As explained by Poole during a live-video online interview with Hiroyuki Nishimura, founder of 2channel, on the Japanese website Nico Nico Douga during his trip to Japan in 2011 Recording of video feed available at:
    • July 27, 2011, Moot x Hiroyuki Social Media Talk Session ID: 57271090


  1. ^ "4chanorg Site Info" Alexa Internet Retrieved October 2, 2016 
  2. ^ moot October 1, 2003 "Welcome" 4chan Retrieved August 2, 2008 
  3. ^ Dewey, Caitlin September 25, 2014 "Absolutely everything you need to know to understand 4chan, the Internet's own bogeyman" The Washington Post Retrieved October 20, 2016 
  4. ^ Bokhari, Allum March 29, 2016 "An Establishment Conservative's Guide To The Alt-Right" Breitbart Retrieved October 20, 2016 
  5. ^ "4Chan: The Rude, Raunchy Underbelly of the Internet" Fox News April 8, 2009 Retrieved October 20, 2016 
  6. ^ Bernstein, M S; Monroy-Hernandez, A; Harry, D; Andre, P; Panovich, K; Vargas, G 2011 "4chan and /b/: An Analysis of Anonymity and Ephemerality in a Large Online Community" PDF MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lboratory Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence Retrieved February 27, 2014 
  7. ^ Bartlett, Jamie October 1, 2013 "4chan: The Role of Anonymity in the Meme-Generating Cesspool of the Web" Wiredcouk Wired Retrieved February 27, 2014 
  8. ^ a b c d Nick Douglas January 18, 2008 "What The Hell Are 4chan, ED, Something Awful, And "b"" Gawkercom Archived from the original on July 24, 2008 Retrieved July 15, 2008 
  9. ^ Unattributed August 7, 2008 "It's all about the money, stupid, not the latest online technology" Marketing Week p 13 Archived from the original on April 27, 2009 Retrieved February 4, 2009 
  10. ^ a b Sean Michaels March 19, 2008 "Taking the Rick" The Guardian London Archived from the original on July 27, 2008 Retrieved July 24, 2008 
  11. ^ a b "FAQ – What is 4chan" 4chan Retrieved July 15, 2008 
  12. ^ "FAQ – What were 4channel and world4ch" 4chan Retrieved July 15, 2008 
  13. ^ a b c Jamin Brophy-Warren July 9, 2008 "Modest Web Site Is Behind a Bevy of Memes" Wall Street Journal Archived from the original on August 29, 2008 Retrieved July 24, 2008 
  14. ^ a b David Sarno July 12, 2008 "Rise and fall of the Googled swastika" The Los Angeles Times Archived from the original on July 15, 2008 Retrieved July 14, 2008 
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  16. ^ a b c d e f g h Chris Landers March 2, 2008 "Serious Business" Baltimore City Paper Archived from the original on June 8, 2008 Retrieved July 13, 2008 
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  18. ^ Grossman, Lev July 9, 2008 "The Master of Memes" Time 172 3 United States pp 50–51 Archived from the original on July 24, 2008 Retrieved July 24, 2008 
  19. ^ Hesse, Monica February 17, 2009 "A Virtual Unknown; Meet 'Moot,' the Secretive Internet Celeb Who Still Lives With Mom" The Washington Post pp 23–24 Retrieved April 16, 2009 
  20. ^ a b moot, August 6, 2012, BEYOND ONE BILLION, 4chan News
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  22. ^ "FAQ – How do I post anonymously" 4chan Retrieved July 16, 2008 
  23. ^ "FAQ – Can I register a username" 4chan Retrieved July 16, 2008 
  24. ^ "FAQ – How do I use a "tripcode"" 4chan Retrieved July 16, 2008 
  25. ^ "FAQ – Who is "Anonymous"" 4chan Retrieved July 16, 2008 
  26. ^ "FAQ – What is a capcode" 4chan Retrieved July 16, 2008 
  27. ^ "FAQ – What are "janitors"" 4chan Retrieved January 12, 2009 
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  29. ^ Danny O'Brien May 2, 2008 "Tuning into innovation outside the confines of English-speaking web" The Irish Times Retrieved January 17, 2009 
  30. ^ a b Lauren Orsini September 21, 2015 "How The 4chan Sale Returns The Controversial Forum To Its Anime Roots" Forbes 
  31. ^ a b Dibbell, Julian September 10, 2010 "Radical Opacity" Technology Review 
  32. ^ "News" 4chan August 14, 2004 Retrieved October 29, 2011 
  33. ^ "4chan history | Jonathan's Reference Pages" Jonnydigitalcom Retrieved October 21, 2013 
  34. ^ "News" 4chan August 14, 2004 Retrieved October 29, 2011 
  35. ^ June 20, 2004, Poole, DING DONG, 4CHAN IS DEAD, 4chan News
  36. ^ August 11, 2004, "The Team", WE'RE BACK!, 4chan News
  37. ^ "News" 4chan August 14, 2004 Retrieved October 29, 2011 
  38. ^ a b January 19, 2011, Why were /r9k/ and /new/ removed – Statement by him regarding the removal of /r9k/ and /new/ Archived from the original on August 21, 2011
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  40. ^ "News" 4chan Retrieved October 21, 2013 
  41. ^ "Pass" 4chan Retrieved October 21, 2013 
  42. ^ moot January 21, 2015 "The Next Chapter" 4chan Retrieved January 21, 2015 
  43. ^ "Christopher Poole Leaves 4chan" International Business Times News Retrieved January 23, 2015 
  44. ^ Issac, Mike September 21, 2015 "4chan Message Board Sold to Founder of 2Channel, a Japanese Web Culture Pioneer" The New York Times Retrieved September 21, 2015 
  45. ^ Doug Bolton September 21, 2015 "Christopher 'Moot' Poole sells anarchic imageboard 4chan to 2channel owner Hiroyuki Nishimura" The Independent 
  46. ^ Anthony Cuthbertson September 21, 2015 "4chan sold by Moot to 2channel founder Hiroyuki Nishimura" International Business Times 
  47. ^ a b "Japan's Government Party LDP Sponsored and Cultivated the Right Wing in Underground Anonymous 2channel Board" Echo News May 12, 2014 
  48. ^ "Who holds the deeds to gossip bulletin board 2channel" The Japan Times March 20, 2014 
  49. ^ "現2chは「違法な乗っ取り」状態──ひろゆき氏?が新サイト「2chsc」開設を予告" ITmedia ニュース in Japanese April 1, 2014 
  50. ^ Jim Watkins February 19, 2014 "Let's talk with Jim-san Part21" Anago2chnet The previous management was not able to generate enough income to pay the bills for the expenses of running 2ch Previously I allowed some autonomy to them During that time my name has been slandered The ability for 2ch to generate enough income to stay open was damaged I hope that with proper management that 2ch can recover 
  51. ^ "2ちゃんねるのスポンサーは自民党だった!! 「ひろゆき」氏周辺に広がる疑惑" Livedoor News in Japanese April 24, 2014 
  52. ^ Woolf, Nicky October 5, 2016 "Future of 4chan uncertain as controversial site faces financial woes" The Guardian Retrieved October 5, 2016 
  53. ^ Dunn, Matthew October 4, 2016 "4chan could soon be shutdown as the Internet's most notorious community goes broke" newscomau Retrieved October 5, 2016 
  54. ^ "The World's Most Influential Person Is" TIME April 27, 2009 Retrieved September 2, 2009 
  55. ^ Heater, Brian April 27, 2009 "4Chan Followers Hack Time's 'Influential' Poll" PC Magazine Archived from the original on April 30, 2009 Retrieved April 27, 2009 
  56. ^ Schonfeld, Erick April 21, 2009 "4Chan Takes Over The Time 100" Washington Post Retrieved April 27, 2009 
  57. ^ "moot wins, Time Inc loses « Music Machinery" Musicmachinerycom April 27, 2009 Archived from the original on May 3, 2009 Retrieved September 2, 2009 
  58. ^ Reddit Top Links "Marble Cake Also the Game " Buzzfeedcom Archived from the original on April 15, 2009 Retrieved September 2, 2009 
  59. ^ "Paraflows 09, Program for Saturday, Sep 12 2009" Paraflowsat Retrieved May 18, 2010 
  60. ^ Herwig, Jana Partial transcript: Moot on 4chan and why it works as a meme factory, Digiom Blog, 2010-04-06, accessed 2010-04-07
  61. ^ Jamieson, Alastair August 11, 2010 "Sarah Palin hacker trial provides 'lolz' courtesy of 4chan founder" The Daily Telegraph London 
  62. ^ "Transcript of Chris Poole before the Honorable Thomas W Phillips on April 22, 2010" PDF United States of America vs David C Kernell, United States District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee Northern Division April 22, 2010 Archived from the original PDF on August 20, 2010 Retrieved October 29, 2011 
  63. ^ David George-Cosh January 25, 2008 "Online group declares war on Scientology" National Post Canada Archived from the original on June 3, 2008 Retrieved July 13, 2008 
  64. ^ "Frames - 4chan" www4chanorg Retrieved January 15, 2016 
  65. ^ Sorgatz, Rex February 18, 2009 "An Interview With The Founder of 4chan" Fimoculouscom Retrieved May 18, 2009 
  66. ^ moot July 11, 2008 "/b/" 4chan Retrieved July 14, 2008 
  67. ^ "4chan – Rules – /b/ – Random" 4chan Retrieved August 18, 2006 
  68. ^ a b c d Schwartz, Mattathias August 3, 2008 "The Trolls Among Us" The New York Times Magazine p 24 Archived from the original on December 11, 2008 Retrieved January 11, 2009 
  69. ^ a b c Julian Dibbell January 18, 2008 "Mutilated Furries, Flying Phalluses: Put the Blame on Griefers" Wired Retrieved January 18, 2008 
  70. ^ Jonathan Kay August 6, 2008 "You'll miss us when we're gone" National Post Canada: The National Post Retrieved August 6, 2008 
  71. ^ Jeffries, Adrianne January 31, 2011 "From the Creator of 4chan Comes the More Mature Canvas" The New York Observer Archived from the original on February 4, 2011 Retrieved February 7, 2011 
  72. ^ "FAQ on GETs" 4chan Retrieved March 14, 2007 
  73. ^ Lev Grossman July 10, 2008 "Now in Paper-Vision: The 4chan Guy" TIME Archived from the original on August 28, 2008 Retrieved July 24, 2008 
  74. ^ WebCite archive
  75. ^ "Absolutely everything you need to know to understand 4chan, the Internet's own bogeyman" The Washington Post September 25, 2014 Retrieved July 17, 2015 
  76. ^ a b "Dylann Roof, 4chan, and the New Online Racism" The Daily Beast June 29, 2015 Retrieved July 17, 2015 
  77. ^ a b "#EndFathersDay is the work of 4chan, not feminists" The Daily Dot Oct 8, 2014 Retrieved July 17, 2015 
  78. ^ "4chan Trolls Take Over Electronic Billboard, Racism Ensues" Vocativ December 7, 2014 Retrieved July 17, 2015 
  79. ^ "White Supremacist Claims to Have Hacked Trayvon Martin's Email, Social Media Accounts" The New Yorker March 29, 2012 Retrieved July 17, 2015 
  80. ^ "Bloggers Cherry-Pick From Social Media to Cast Trayvon Martin as a Menace" The New York Times March 29, 2012 Retrieved July 17, 2015 
  81. ^ "What the Internet's Most Infamous Trolls Tell Us About Online Feminism" Vice News June 20, 2014 Retrieved July 17, 2015 
  82. ^ "Trolls Are Paying Twitter to Promote Hate Speech – And There's Nothing Stopping Them" Mic May 20, 2015 Retrieved July 17, 2015 
  83. ^ Karl Hodge August 10, 2000 "It's all in the memes" The Guardian London Archived from the original on August 14, 2008 Retrieved September 13, 2008 
  84. ^ Mattathis Schwartz "The Trolls Among Us" The New York Times 
  85. ^ Caitlin Moran June 20, 2008 "Scientology: the Anonymous protestors" The Times London Archived from the original on September 5, 2008 Retrieved August 25, 2008 
  86. ^ Vara, Vauhini; Zimmerman, Ann November 4, 2011 "Hey, Bro, That's My Little Pony! Guys' Interest Mounts in Girly TV Show" Wall Street Journal Archived from the original on December 1, 2011 Retrieved November 4, 2011 
  87. ^ Watchcutter, Angela June 9, 2011 "My Little Pony Corrals Unlikely Fanboys Known as 'Bronies'" Wired Retrieved June 9, 2011 
  88. ^ Beck, Jerry September 24, 2011 "We've Created A Bronster!" Cartoon Brew Archived from the original on September 30, 2011 Retrieved September 25, 2011 
  89. ^ von Hoffman, Constantine May 31, 2011 "My Little Pony: the Hip, New Trend Among the Geekerati" BNET Retrieved May 31, 2011 
  90. ^ McKean, Erin December 2, 2011 "The secret language of bros" Boston Globe Archived from the original on December 4, 2011 Retrieved December 2, 2011 
  91. ^ Paul Richards November 14, 2007 "Iz not cats everywhere Online trend spreads across campus" The Daily Pennsylvanian Retrieved July 24, 2008 
  92. ^ Sharon Steel February 1, 2008 "The cuteness surge" The Phoenix Retrieved July 24, 2008 
  93. ^ a b c "The Biggest Little Internet Hoax on Wheels Hits Mainstream" Fox News Channel April 22, 2008 Retrieved July 24, 2008 
  94. ^ David Sarno May 25, 2008 "Web Scout exclusive! Rick Astley, king of the 'Rickroll,' talks about his song's second coming" Los Angeles Times Archived from the original on March 26, 2008 Retrieved July 24, 2008 
  95. ^ a b "Thread 32640395" 4chanarchiveorg Archived from the original on June 21, 2008 Retrieved July 14, 2008 
  96. ^ Ricketson, Matthew July 16, 2008 "YouTube research shows picture is changing rapidly" The Age Australia Archived from the original on July 20, 2008 Retrieved July 16, 2008 
  97. ^ Mathew Ingram August 15, 2007 "Who is Tay Zonday" Globe and Mail Canada Retrieved July 14, 2008 
  98. ^ Garth Montgomery August 1, 2007 "Chocolate Rain goes huge" The Daily Telegraph newscomau Retrieved July 14, 2008 
  99. ^ a b c Johnson, Bobbie January 20, 2009 "How Boxxy brought the web to its knees" The Guardian Archived from the original on July 25, 2011 Retrieved July 26, 2011 
  100. ^ a b Cario, Erwan January 11, 2011 "Le grand retour de Boxxy" Libération in French Archived from the original on July 26, 2011 Retrieved July 26, 2011 
  101. ^ a b Jutras, Lisan February 6, 2009 "The face that launched an online war" Globe and Mail Canada Archived from the original on June 27, 2009 
  102. ^ a b Larrouy, Sophie-Marie January 22, 2009 "Foxy Boxxy : celle qui parle pour ne rien dire" in French madmoiZellecom Archived from the original on July 26, 2011 Retrieved July 26, 2011 
  103. ^ "'Pedobear' an Olympic mascot" Toronto Sun February 10, 2010 Retrieved February 12, 2010 
  104. ^ Moore, Matthew February 8, 2010 "Polish newspaper claims 'Pedobear' is 2010 Vancouver Olympic mascot" The Daily Telegraph London Archived from the original on February 11, 2010 Retrieved February 9, 2010 
  105. ^ "GeenStijl : Ook AVRO in de fout met Pedobear" Geenstijlnl Retrieved October 21, 2013 
  106. ^ "Panda print", The Times, April 10, 2010, p 7
  107. ^ "Archived Thread at 4plebs" 
  108. ^ Washington Post A photo of a 4chan post sold for almost $100,000, because 'art' Published August 5, 2014 Retrieved January 6, 2015
  109. ^ CNET 4chan screenshot sells for $90K on eBay Published August 3, 2014 Retrieved January 6, 2015
  110. ^ The Independent Framed 4chan post 'sells' for $90,000 on eBay, screenshot of auction now up for bidding Published August 4, 2014 Retrieved January 6, 2015
  111. ^ Artnews eBay Bidder Buys 4chan Screenshot, as Art, for $90,000 Published August 4, 2014 Retrieved January 6, 2015
  112. ^ Danny O'Brien, "Online users stick claws into torturer", Irish Times, February 20, 2009 http://wwwirishtimescom/newspaper/finance/2009/0220/1224241467858html
  113. ^ "4chan /b/ goes after cat abusers, wins" Inquisitrcom February 16, 2009 Retrieved September 2, 2009 
  114. ^ Cha, Ariana Eunjung August 10, 2010 "4chan users seize Internet's power for mass disruptions" Washington Post Retrieved August 10, 2010 
  115. ^ "Harold C "Hal" Turner v 4chanorg" Justia Federal District Court Filings January 19, 2007 Retrieved July 14, 2008 
  116. ^ "FOX 11 Investigates: 'Anonymous'" MyFOX Los Angeles KTTV Fox Broadcasting Company July 26, 2007 Archived from the original on May 22, 2008 Retrieved August 11, 2007 
  117. ^ "Miang", CmdrTaco ed July 28, 2007 "AC = Domestic Terrorists" Slashdot Retrieved July 24, 2008 
  118. ^ Ted Bridis September 17, 2008 "Hackers claim break-in to Palin's e-mail account" Associated Press Retrieved September 17, 2008 
  119. ^ Tom Phillips September 17, 2008 "Sarah Palin's email gets hacked" Metro Archived from the original on September 20, 2008 Retrieved September 17, 2008 
  120. ^ M J Stephey September 17, 2008 "Sarah Palin's E-mail Hacked" TIME Archived from the original on September 19, 2008 Retrieved September 17, 2008 
  121. ^ David Sarno September 17, 2008 "4Chan's half-hack of Palin's email goes awry" The Los Angeles Times Archived from the original on February 7, 2009 Retrieved September 17, 2008 
  122. ^ Steve Bosak September 20, 2008 "Suspect Nabbed in Palin E-mail Hack" NewsFactor Archived from the original on May 4, 2009 Retrieved September 21, 2008 
  123. ^ Sandoval, Greg October 4, 2008 "Who's to blame for spreading phony Jobs story" CNet News Retrieved January 11, 2009 
  124. ^ Cheng, Jacqui October 3, 2008 "Friday Apple links: Steve Jobs still not dead edition" Ars Technica Archived from the original on December 9, 2008 Retrieved January 11, 2009 
  125. ^ Fitzsimmons, Caitlin May 22, 2009 "YouTube besieged by porn videos" The Guardian London Archived from the original on May 27, 2009 Retrieved June 13, 2009 
  126. ^ Courtney, Siobhan May 21, 2009 "Pornographic videos flood YouTube" BBC News BBC Archived from the original on May 30, 2009 Retrieved June 13, 2009 
  127. ^ a b Bunz, Mercedes January 6, 2010 "YouTube faces 4chan porn attack" The Guardian London Archived from the original on January 10, 2010 Retrieved January 13, 2010 
  128. ^ Emery, Daniel July 5, 2010 "Prank leaves Justin Bieber facing tour of North Korea" BBC Archived from the original on July 17, 2010 Retrieved July 20, 2010 ; "Record label brands Justin Bieber tour vote "a hoax"" BBC July 7, 2010 Archived from the original on July 17, 2010 Retrieved July 20, 2010 
  129. ^ Singh, Divyesh Bollywood hiring cyber hitmen to combat piracy, Daily News & Analysis, September 5, 2010
  130. ^ Saetang, David September 20, 2010 "RIAA, MPAA Websites Pummeled By 4chan's Wrath" PCWorld Retrieved October 29, 2011 
  131. ^ "4chan Attack Brings Down MPAA Website" Gawkercom September 18, 2010 Retrieved October 29, 2011 
  132. ^ a b Jane Wakefield January 25, 2011 "Law firm stops chasing pirates" BBC News Archived from the original on January 25, 2011 Retrieved January 25, 2011 
  133. ^ enigmax September 25, 2010 "ACS:Law Anti-Piracy Law Firm Torn Apart By Leaked Emails" TorrentFreak Archived from the original on September 26, 2010 Retrieved September 25, 2010 
  134. ^ Chris Williams September 28, 2010 "ACS:Law's mocking of 4chan could cost it £500k" The Register Retrieved January 25, 2011 
  135. ^ "Web pranksters hijack restaurant's Mountain Dew naming contest" Time August 12, 2012 Retrieved December 1, 2014 
  136. ^ "4chan users hijack Mountain Dew contest" The Daily Dot August 13, 2012 Retrieved December 1, 2014 
  137. ^ Chris Dolmetsch; David Voreacos October 20, 2006 "Wisconsin Man Is Charged in Fake NFL Stadium Threats" Bloomberg Retrieved October 20, 2006 
  138. ^ a b Roy Mark October 20, 2006 "Man Charged in Internet Bomb Threats" InternetNewscom Retrieved July 24, 2008 
  139. ^ Pierre Thomas October 16, 2006 "NFL Stadium Threat: Officials Skeptical But Issue Warning" ABC News Retrieved July 21, 2008 
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  141. ^ "Ex-Grocery Clerk Gets 6 Months for NFL Stadium Attack Hoax" Fox News Channel Associated Press June 5, 2008 Archived from the original on June 8, 2008 Retrieved July 21, 2008 
  142. ^ Ronald Smothers October 20, 2006 "Man, 20, Arrested in Stadium Threat Hoax" New York Times Retrieved July 27, 2007 
  143. ^ Sharon Gaudin June 16, 2008 "Man gets six months for posting terror threat online" Computerworld Retrieved July 21, 2008 
  144. ^ "4chanarchive — Thread 39168208" 4chanarchivecom September 11, 2007 Archived from the original on February 21, 2008 Retrieved January 18, 2008 
  145. ^ "Pflugerville Student Arrested After Posting Bomb Threats" KXAN September 12, 2007 Archived from the original on October 11, 2007 Retrieved January 18, 2008 
  146. ^ "Police Investigate Bomb Threat at Pflugerville High School" Fox Television Stations, Inc September 11, 2007 Archived from the original on April 10, 2008 Retrieved January 18, 2008 
  147. ^ "Teen arrested for threatening to blow up school" Twean News Channel of Austin, LP dba News 8 Austin September 11, 2007 Retrieved February 6, 2012 
  148. ^ "Juvenile arrested in Pflugerville HS bomb threat" KVUE September 11, 2007 Archived from the original on January 6, 2008 Retrieved January 18, 2008 
  149. ^ "Letter from Pflugerville Highschool" Pflugerville High School Retrieved September 11, 2008 
  150. ^ Hudson, Fiona; Houlihan, Liam December 9, 2007 "Student faces jail over online joke" Herald Sun Australia: newscomau Retrieved July 14, 2008 
  151. ^ "Australian Police Arrest Man Who Threatened to Attack Los Angeles Mall" Fox News Channel Associated Press December 8, 2007 Retrieved July 14, 2008 
  152. ^ Edwards, Geoff June 30, 2008 "Hoax student charges" Frankston Standard Leader Leader Community Newspapers p 1 Archived from the original on April 25, 2009 Retrieved February 6, 2009 
  153. ^ Shaun Davies July 31, 2008 "Mall massacre hoax accused dies" ninemsn Archived from the original on August 5, 2008 Retrieved July 31, 2008 
  154. ^ Sivesson, Sara February 4, 2009 "Hemsidan som chockar "vuxen-Sverige"" realtidse in Swedish Alternativ Media Stockholm AB Archived from the original on February 6, 2009 Retrieved February 4, 2009 
  155. ^ Sæby, Inger-Marit February 4, 2009 "Svensk skole evakueres etter trusler" Verdens Gang in Norwegian Archived from the original on February 5, 2009 Retrieved February 4, 2009 
  156. ^ "Young man arrested over school threat" The Local / TT February 4, 2009 Archived from the original on February 5, 2009 Retrieved February 4, 2009 
  157. ^ "21-åringen släpptes efter förhör" Eskilstuna-Kuriren in Swedish February 4, 2009 Retrieved February 4, 2009 
  158. ^ WSAZ News Staff "Teen Arrested for Threatening to Blow Up School" wsazcom Retrieved April 27, 2014 
  159. ^ "Terroristic threatening in the second degree" wwwlrckygov 
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  161. ^ Time Waster "Face Behind The Name: Meet Matthew Riskin Bean, Convicted 4chan Cyberstalker January 25, 2011" Thesmokingguncom Retrieved March 29, 2012 
  162. ^ Time Waster "4chan Child Porn Fan Sentenced To Three Years In Federal Pen June 22, 2011" Thesmokingguncom Retrieved March 29, 2012 
  163. ^ Time Waster "Child Porn Plea On Deck For Navy Man Who Found Illicit Images On 4chan March 21, 2011" Thesmokingguncom Retrieved March 29, 2012 
  164. ^ Time Waster "Another 4chan Fan Arrested On Federal Charges: Navy man copped to getting child porn from web site February 14, 2011" Thesmokingguncom Retrieved March 29, 2012 
  165. ^ Time Waster "4chan Linked To Federal Kiddie Porn Probe: NCIS: Sailor obtained illicit images from popular site November 3, 2010" Thesmokingguncom Retrieved March 29, 2012 
  166. ^ Time Waster "Arrested Man Credits 4chan With Helping Him Grow His Child Porn Collection May 18, 2011" Thesmokingguncom Retrieved March 29, 2012 
  167. ^ Time Waster "FBI Busts 4chan Man For Extreme Couponing Collegian facing wire fraud, counterfeiting charges" Thesmokingguncom Retrieved March 29, 2012 
  168. ^ Time Waster "Feds Raid Boy's Home Over 4chan Child Porn Post: Notorious site's administrators sparked DHS probe June 29, 2011" Thesmokingguncom Retrieved March 29, 2012 
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  170. ^ https://archiveorg/download/govuscourtsmied267305/govuscourtsmied26730510pdf
  171. ^ "Apple confirms accounts compromised but denies security breach" BBC News September 2, 2014 Retrieved September 6, 2014 
  172. ^ "Jennifer Lawrence, Kate Upton, Ariana Grande Among Celebrities Exposed in Massive Nude Photo Leak" Variety Retrieved September 3, 2014 
  173. ^ "Stolen celebrity images prompt policy change at 4Chan" BBC News September 4, 2014 Retrieved September 4, 2014 
  174. ^ Stuart, Bob October 24, 2014 "#GamerGate: the misogynist movement blighting the video games industry" The Daily Telegraph Retrieved January 25, 2015 Users from the messageboards Reddit – a sprawling series of communities – and 4chan – largely the trolls in the internet's basement – hurled false accusations 
  175. ^ Tom Mendelsohn September 5, 2014 "Zoe Quinn and the orchestrated campaign of harassment from some 'gamers'" The Independent 
  176. ^ Ringo, Allegra August 28, 2014 "Meet the Female Gamer Mascot Born of Anti-Feminist Internet Drama" Vice Retrieved September 16, 2014 
  177. ^ Howell O'Neill, Patrick November 17, 2014 "8chan, the central hive of Gamergate, is also an active pedophile network" The Daily Dot 
  178. ^ Chen, Adrian October 27, 2014 "Gamergate Supporters Partied at a Strip Club This Weekend" New York 
  179. ^ a b "4chan Pics Match Slay Scene, Suspect David Kalac on Run: Investigators" NBC News Retrieved November 5, 2014 
  180. ^ NBC News 4chan Murder Suspect David Kalac Surrenders in Oregon Published November 5, 2014 Retrieved November 5, 2014
  181. ^ "AT&T Reportedly Blocks 4chan This Is Going To Get Ugly" TechCrunch July 26, 2009 Retrieved October 21, 2013 
  182. ^ "AT&T Blocking Access to Portions of 4chan Updated Again" Christopher Price CentralGadget July 26, 2006 Archived from the original on August 7, 2009 Retrieved July 26, 2006 
  183. ^ "AT&T Confirms 4chan Block After DoS Attack" Chloe Albanesius PC Mag July 27, 2009 Retrieved July 27, 2009 
  184. ^ a b "4chan Status" July 27, 2009 Accessed July 27, 2009
    • See also: Albanesius, Chloe July 27, 2009 "AT&T Confirms 4chan Block After DoS Attack" PCMAG Retrieved May 24, 2016 
  185. ^ "Feared Hackers Call Off Attack on AT&T" Fox News July 28, 2009 
  186. ^ The Bryant Park Project July 22, 2008 "When Your Pedicurist Is A Fish" NPR Retrieved October 21, 2013 
  187. ^ "4chan – Status" February 3, 2010 Accessed September 24, 2014
  188. ^ "4chan – Status" February 7, 2010 Accessed September 24, 2014
  189. ^ "Verizon confirms block of 4chan sites" AfterDawn February 8, 2010 Retrieved May 24, 2016 
  190. ^ Verizon Wireless restores 4Chan traffic" Wirelessfederationcom February 10, 2010 Accessed October 21, 2013

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