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1990 Goodwill Games

1990 goodwill games, 1990 goodwill games gymnastics
Boxing Tony Gonzalez

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Boxing tony Gonzalez

, = Opening ceremony 20 July 1990 1990-07-20 Closing ceremony 5 August 1990 1990-08-05
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The official logo of the 1990 Goodwill Games

The 1990 Goodwill Games was the second edition of the international multi-sport event created by Ted Turner, which was held between July 20 and August 5, 1990 Following an inaugural edition in Moscow, the second games took place in Seattle, United States, highlighting the competition's role in fostering good Soviet–US relations The games were opened at the University of Washington's Husky Stadium with a speech by former US President Ronald Reagan,1 as well as an address by Arnold Schwarzenegger and performances by the Moody Blues and Gorky Park The top three nations in the medal table remained the same as the previous edition: the Soviet Union won 66 gold medals and a total of 188 medals, the United States was a close runner-up with 60 gold medals and 161 medals overall, while East Germany was a distant third with 11 golds

A renovated Husky Stadium hosted the opening ceremony of the second games

The games' motto was "Uniting the World's Best", and a total of 2,312 athletes from 54 countries engaged in the 17-day program of 21 sports Each countries' contingent of athletes did not parade separately at the opening ceremony, but instead all athletes entered the stadium as one large mass emphasizing the theme of international unity2 The size of the sporting program meant that some events were held in other Washington cities, including Tacoma, Spokane, and the Tri-Cities area3 A number of venues in the region were built or renovated for the Games: Federal Way gained an aquatics venue King County Aquatic Center through the games, while Seattle itself gained a new track for Husky Stadium and new flooring for the Edmundson Pavilion1 The Seattle Space Needle had a large purpose-built gold medal hung around the structure during the Games4

The competition featured a significant cultural aspect compared to the previous edition Around 1,400 Soviet athletes went to the US and stayed with host families in Seattle3 Soviet cosmonauts also visited schools in the city and the Moscow State Circus gave a number of performances2 A Goodwill Games Arts Festival was held in conjunction with the sporting event – 1,300 artists took part in the festival, which featured a performance by the Bolshoi Ballet, a museum exhibition of Soviet history, and a 2 million-dollar stage production of Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace13 Similarly to the 1986 Goodwill Games, the 1990 edition of the event was not financially successful and Ted Turner personally lost $44 million as a result1

Two world records were broken during the Games: the 200-meter breaststroke mark was topped by all three medalists in the race, with American Mike Barrowman improving the record to two minutes and 1153 seconds Soviet athlete Nadezhda Ryashkina completed a world record of 41:5621 in the women's 10 km race walk3

Contents

  • 1 Sports
  • 2 Venues
  • 3 Medal table
  • 4 Participation
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Sportsedit

Venuesedit

  • Cheney Stadium baseball5
  • Hec Edmundson Pavilion volleyball1
  • Husky Stadium athletics1
  • King County Aquatics Center diving, swimming, synchronized swimming, water polo1
  • Seattle Center Coliseum basketball5
  • Spokane Coliseum weightlifting, rhythmic gymnastics, volleyball6
  • Tacoma Dome figure skating, gymnastics, ice hockey final57
  • Tri-Cities Coliseum ice hockey, figure skating8
  • Mount Baker Rowing and Sailing Center, Lake Washington rowing

Medal tableedit

Key   The host country is highlighted in lavender blue American Kristi Yamaguchi won her first major international gold medal in figure skating at the Games
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Soviet Union 66 68 54 188
2  United States 60 53 48 161
3  East Germany 11 8 24 43
4  Bulgaria 8 7 9 24
5  China 6 7 3 16
6  Cuba 6 4 3 13
7  West Germany 4 3 8 15
8  Canada 4 1 6 11
9  Poland 4 1 0 5
10=  South Korea 3 2 2 7
10=  Spain 3 2 2 7
12  Romania 2 4 2 8
13  Japan 2 3 10 15
14  Italy 2 2 1 5
15  Yugoslavia 2 1 0 3
16=  Hungary 1 1 5 7
16=  Netherlands 1 1 5 7
18  Jamaica 1 1 2 4
19  Denmark 1 1 1 3
20  Mongolia 1 1 0 2
21=  Czechoslovakia 1 0 0 1
21=  Mexico 1 0 0 1
21=  Morocco 1 0 0 1
21=  Suriname 1 0 0 1
25  Australia 0 4 3 7
26  Great Britain 0 2 2 4
27  Turkey 0 2 1 3
28=  Ethiopia 0 2 0 2
28=  New Zealand 0 2 0 2
30  Brazil 0 1 6 7
31  Kenya 0 1 1 2
32  Bahamas 0 1 0 1
33=  France 0 0 1 1
33=  Ireland 0 0 1 1
33=  Sweden 0 0 1 1
33=  United States Virgin Islands 0 0 1 1
Total 192 184 202 578

Participationedit

A total of 54 nations were represented at the 1990 Games with a total of 2312 athletes attending the games2 However, around 3500 athletes had received invitations to the games and the attendance was a marked decline from the inaugural edition1

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Ted Turner's Goodwill Games open in Seattle on July 20, 1990 HistoryLink Retrieved on 2010-06-23
  2. ^ a b c Bell, Daniel 2003 Encyclopedia of International Games pgs 164–168 McFarland and Company, Inc Publishers, Jefferson, North Carolina ISBN 0-7864-1026-4
  3. ^ a b c d Past Goodwill Games – 1990 and Seattle Archived 2012-02-24 at the Wayback Machine Goodwill Games Retrieved on 2010-06-23
  4. ^ Space Needle selling big Goodwill medal Spokane Chronicle, pg A5, August 1, 1990 Retrieved on 2010-06-23
  5. ^ a b c "Traffic Impacts During the Goodwill Games" PDF 
  6. ^ "The 1990 Goodwill Games are Coming to Spokane" Spokesman-Review June 21, 1990 
  7. ^ "Local Athletes DOT Games Lineup, Some Coaches Have Area Ties" The Seattle Times July 19, 1990 
  8. ^ "Tri-Cities Coliseum Gets Ice Hockey, Skating" Spokesman-Review March 16, 1989 

External linksedit

  • Official website

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1990 Goodwill Games


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