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1904 in the United Kingdom


1904 English cricket season
Football: England | Scotland

Events from the year 1904 in the United Kingdom

Contents

  • 1 Incumbents
  • 2 Events
    • 21 Undated
  • 3 Publications
  • 4 Births
  • 5 Deaths
  • 6 References
  • 7 See also

Incumbents

  • Monarch – Edward VII
  • Prime Minister – Arthur Balfour Conservative
  • Parliament – 27th

Events

  • 1 January – number plates are introduced as cars are licensed for the first time A speed limit of 20 miles per hour is introduced
  • 25 January – Halford Mackinder's influential paper The Geographical Pivot of History is delivered to the Royal Geographical Society in London
  • 26 January – Daily Mirror re-launched as a daily morning pictorial newspaper using photographs
  • 12 March – Britain's first surface electric trains begin running from Liverpool to Southport on the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway
  • 26 March – 80,000 demonstrators gather in Hyde Park, London, to protest against the importation of Chinese labourers to South Africa by the British government
  • 8 April – Entente Cordiale signed between the United Kingdom and France
  • 4 May – Frederick Henry Royce meets Charles Stewart Rolls to discuss Rolls-Royce agreement
  • 24 May – celebration of Empire Day introduced to the UK by Lord Meath
  • 9 June – the London Symphony Orchestra performs its first concert
  • 28 June – the Danish liner SS Norge is wrecked on Helen's Reef off Rockall with the loss of 635 lives
  • 1 July – 23 November: Great Britain and Ireland compete at the 1904 Summer Olympics in St Louis, Missouri and win one gold and one silver medal
  • 21 July – official opening of Birmingham Corporation Water Department’s scheme bringing water to the city from the Elan Valley Reservoirs in Wales via the Elan aqueduct
  • 3 August – a British expedition under Colonel Francis Younghusband takes Lhasa in Tibet
  • September – start of 1904–1905 Welsh Christian revival
  • 21 October – the Dogger Bank incident; Russian fleet mistakes British fishing trawlers in the North Sea for Japanese torpedo boats, and opens fire, sinking one War is narrowly averted
  • Late October – the first members of what will become the Bloomsbury Group move to the Bloomsbury district of London
  • 10 December
    • John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh wins the Nobel Prize in Physics "for his investigations of the densities of the most important gases and for his discovery of argon in connection with these studies"
    • William Ramsay wins the Nobel Prize in Chemistry "in recognition of his services in the discovery of the inert gaseous elements in air, and his determination of their place in the periodic system"
  • 24 December – the Coliseum Theatre in London opens
  • 27 December – the stage play Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up premières in London

Undated

  • Victoria University dissolved, its remaining constituents, Victoria University of Manchester and the University of Leeds, becoming independent institutions
  • John Ambrose Fleming invents the diode valve
  • Royal Navy torpedo boat destroyer HMS Spiteful 1899 becomes the first warship to be powered solely using fuel oil
  • Millicent McKenzie is appointed a professor at the University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire in Cardiff, the first woman appointed to a chair at a British university-level institution
  • Bahamian Dr Allan Glaisyer Minns becomes Mayor of Thetford, the first black person to hold such an office in Britain
  • Hill House, Helensburgh, Scotland, designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh, completed
  • Herbert Beerbohm Tree establishes an Academy of Dramatic Art, which will become RADA, at His Majesty's Theatre in the Haymarket London
  • Loftus Road and Griffin Park football stadiums opened in London

Publications

  • G K Chesterton's novel The Napoleon of Notting Hill
  • Joseph Conrad's novel Nostromo
  • W H Hudson's novel Green Mansions: a romance of the tropical forest
  • Hermann Muthesius' study Das englische Haus begins publication in Berlin
  • Frederick Rolfe's novel Hadrian the Seventh
  • Saki's short story collection Reginald

Births

  • 14 January – Cecil Beaton, photographer died 1980
  • 18 January – Cary Grant, actor died 1986
  • 30 March – Wilfred White, equestrian died 1995
  • 8 April – John Hicks, economist, Nobel Prize laureate died 1989
  • 14 April – Sir John Gielgud, actor died 2000
  • 26 April – Jimmy McGrory, footballer died 1982
  • 27 April – Cecil Day-Lewis, poet died 1972
  • 8 May – John Snagge, radio personality died 1996
  • 20 May – Margery Allingham, writer died 1966
  • 26 May – George Formby, entertainer died 1961
  • 27 July – Anton Dolin, dancer and choreographer died 1983
  • 8 June – Angus McBean, photographer died 1990
  • 16 August – Mollie Maureen, actress died 1987
  • 26 August – Christopher Isherwood, novelist died 1986
  • 29 September – Greer Garson, actress died 1996
  • 2 October – Graham Greene, author died 1991
  • 20 October – Anna Neagle, actress died 1986
  • 2 November – Hugh Patrick Lygon, aristocrat died 1936
  • 11 November – J H C Whitehead, mathematician died 1960
  • 14 November
    • Harold Larwood, fast bowler cricket died 1995
    • Michael Ramsey, Archbishop of Canterbury died 1988
  • 12 December – Edward Pilgrim, victim of bureaucracy died 1954

Deaths

  • 17 January – Sir Henry Keppel, admiral born 1809
  • 8 February – Alfred Ainger, biographer born 1837
  • 22 February – Leslie Stephen, writer and critic born 1832
  • 5 March – John Lowther du Plat Taylor, founder of the Army Post Office Corps born 1829
  • 17 March – Prince George, Duke of Cambridge, grandson of King George III born 1819
  • 5 April – Tom Allen, boxing champion born 1840
  • 16 April – Samuel Smiles, author and reformer born 1812
  • 8 May
    • Frederick York Powell, historian and scholar born 1850
    • Eadweard Muybridge, photographer and motion picture pioneer born 1830
  • 10 May – Henry Morton Stanley, Welsh explorer and journalist born 1841
  • 1 July – George Frederic Watts, symbolist painter and sculptor born 1817
  • 12 August – William Renshaw, tennis player born 1861
  • 22 September – Wilson Barrett, actor born 1846
  • 4 October – Adela Florence Nicolson "Laurence Hope", poet born 1865
  • 7 October – Isabella Bird, explorer, writer, photographer and naturalist born 1831

References

  1. ^ a b Palmer, Alan; Veronica 1992 The Chronology of British History London: Century Ltd pp 335–336 ISBN 0-7126-5616-2 
  2. ^ a b c d e Penguin Pocket On This Day Penguin Reference Library 2006 ISBN 0-14-102715-0 
  3. ^ Sebak, Per Kristian 2004 Titanic's Predecessor: the S/S Norge Disaster of 1904 Laksevaag: Seaward ISBN 82-996779-0-4 
  4. ^ City of Birmingham Water Department 1926 A Short History of the Development of the Undertaking, with a Description of the Existing Sources of Supply 
  5. ^ Judge, Colin 1987 The Elan Valley Railway: the Railway of the Birmingham Corporation Waterworks Oxford: Oakwood Press ISBN 0-85361-353-2 
  6. ^ Nicolson, Nigel, ed 1975 The Flight of the Mind: The Letters of Virginia Woolf Vol I: 1888–1912 Virginia Stephen London: Hogarth Press ISBN 0701204036 
  7. ^ Lord Rayleigh The Nobel Prize in Physics 1904
  8. ^ The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1904
  9. ^ The Hutchinson Factfinder Helicon 1999 ISBN 978-1-85986-343-5 
  10. ^ Pike, W T 1911 Norfolk & Suffolk In East Anglia: Contemporary Biographies 
  11. ^ Negro Year Book 1914 
  12. ^ "Dr Allan Glaisyer Minns 1858–1930, Britain's First Black Mayor" Norfolk Black History Month 2011 Retrieved 2012-07-13 
  13. ^ Grewe, Armin 2001–2006 "C R Mackintosh: Hill House in Helensburgh" The Armin Grewe Homepage Aldermaston Archived from the original on 23 June 2010 Retrieved 2010-07-07 

See also


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1904 in the United Kingdom


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