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1904 in Italy

1903 in italy, 1904 in italy
See also: 1903 in Italy, other events of 1904, 1905 in Italy

Events from the year 1904 in Italy

Contents

  • 1 Kingdom of Italy
  • 2 Events
    • 21 February
    • 22 April
    • 23 July
    • 24 September
    • 25 November
  • 3 Births
  • 4 Deaths
  • 5 References

Kingdom of Italy

  • Monarch – Victor Emmanuel III 1900–1946
  • Prime Minister – Giovanni Giolitti 1903–1905
  • Population – 33,237,000

Events

This cartoon in the satirical magazine L'Asino The Donkey in May 1911, described the policy of Giolitti: on the one hand, dressed in elegant suit, he reassures conservatives; on the other, with clothes less elegant, he is addressing the workers L'Asino, May 14, 1911

The Giolittian Era During his second and third tenure as Prime Minister 1903–1905 and 1906–1909, Giovanni Giolitti courts the left and labour unions with social legislation, including subsidies for low-income housing, preferential government contracts for worker cooperatives, and old age and disability pensions Economic expansion was secured by monetary stability, moderate protectionism and government support of production Foreign trade doubled between 1900 and 1910, wages rose, and the general standard of living went up Nevertheless, the period was also marked by a sharp increase in the frequency and duration of industrial action, with major labour strikes

February

  • February 17 – The opera Madama Butterfly by Giacomo Puccini, premiers at La Scala in Milan It was withdrawn after a disastrous premiere and Puccini substantially rewrote it

April

  • April 24 – Official visit of French President Émile Loubet to Rome

July

  • July 4 – Piero Ginori Conti tests the first ever geothermal power generator at the Larderello dry steam field in Italy It was a small generator that lit four light bulbs

September

  • Series of strikes, including a general strike in September Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti refuses to intervene and this attitude prevents the movement to take revolutionary dimensions Pope Pius X gives tacit permission to Catholic candidates to stand in parliamentary to counter the red menace
  • September 27 – Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti visits the German Chancellor Bernhard von Bülow to allay concerns in Berlin by the French-Italian rapprochement in relation with the Triple Alliance

November

  • November 6 – First round of the Italian general election
  • November 13 – Second round of the Italian general election The "ministerial" left-wing bloc of the Historical Left led by Giovanni Giolitti remains the largest in Parliament, winning 339 of the 508 seats The papal ban on Catholics voting was relaxed for the first time, and three Catholics were elected

Births

  • February 3 – Luigi Dallapiccola, Italian composer d 1975
  • April 18 – Giuseppe Terragni, Italian Rationalist architect d 1943
  • August 28 – Secondo Campini, Italian jet pioneer d 1980
  • November 25 – Toni Ortelli, Italian composer and alpinist d 2000

Deaths

  • February 12 – Antonio Labriola, Italian Marxist theoretician b 1843

References

  1. ^ Life World Library: Italy, by Herbert Kubly and the Editors of LIFE, 1961, p 46
  2. ^ Luhr, JF 2003 Earth Doring Kindersly p 205 ISBN 1-4053-0018-3 
  3. ^ Tiwari, GN; Ghosal, MK 2005 Renewable Energy Resources: Basic Principles and Applications Alpha Science International Ltd ISBN 1-84265-125-0 
  4. ^ Clark, Modern Italy: 1871 to the present, p 176
  5. ^ Italian Conservatives Gain; Power of Extreme Parties Diminished by Elections Yesterday, The New York Times, November 7, 1904
  6. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P 2010 Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p 1083
  7. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p 1031
  • Clark, Martin 2008 Modern Italy: 1871 to the present, Harlow: Pearson Education, ISBN 1-4058-2352-6

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