1 Canadian Air Division


1 Canadian Air Division 1 Cdn Air Div French: 1re Division aérienne du Canada is the operational-level command and control formation of the Royal Canadian Air Force RCAF Prior to 2006 the official abbreviation for the division was 1 CAD It is commanded by an air force major-general

Contents

  • 1 No 1 Air Division RCAF 1952–67
    • 11 Division structure in 1989
  • 2 Recreation from 1997
  • 3 References
  • 4 External links

No 1 Air Division RCAF 1952–67

The division traces its origins to the activation of Headquarters No 1 Air Division, Royal Canadian Air Force in Paris, France on 1 October 1952 Air Division headquarters relocated to Metz, France in April 1953 No 1 Air Division was established to meet Canada's NATO air defence commitments in Europe It consisted of four wings of twelve fighter squadrons located at four bases Two bases were located in France RCAF Station Marville No 1 Wing and RCAF Station Grostenquin No 2 Wing and two were located in West Germany RCAF Station Zweibrücken No 3 Wing and RCAF Station Baden-Soellingen No 4 Wing No 1 Wing was first located at RCAF North Luffenham, England and was moved to Marville some time after October, 1954 These wings were part of a group of bases which also included US and French installations, all of which came under the jurisdiction of NATO's Fourth Allied Tactical Air Force 4 ATAF which, in turn, was commanded by Allied Air Forces Central Europe AAFCE Components located in Metz included Air Division Headquarters, an air traffic control centre, a telecommunications centre, a combat operations centre, and a support unit From 1952 to 1963 the RCAF operated the 30 Air Materiel Base, at RCAF Langar RAF Langar in Nottinghamshire RCAF Langar was Canada's last base in the UK and served as a primary supply station for No 1 Air Division RCAF in Europe

Canadian squadrons were originally equipped with Canadair Sabre day fighters One squadron of each wing, however, would be replaced by the all-weather CF-100 in 1956 The Sabre squadrons were replaced by nuclear strike/reconnaissance CF-104 Starfighters in 1962

After the RCAF left France in 1967 and after the RCAF was reorganized and consolidated with Canada's other two services, No 1 Air Division was replaced by No 1 Canadian Air Group 1 CAG with headquarters at CFB Lahr, West Germany

As an austerity measure, in 1968, No 3 Wing Zweibrücken was closed and its two squadrons were moved to Nos 1 and 4 Wing 1969 brought the announcement that the amalgamation of the Canadian Forces in Europe to one command and two bases, and that the Canadian army in northern Germany Soest area would be moving south to Nos 1 and 4 Wings This meant that No 1 Wing Lahr would close its doors and the air force in Europe would be reduced in strength from 6 to 3 squadrons and concentrated at Baden-Soellingen; the new name would be 1 Canadian Air Group CAG The close out parade was held at Baden in the arena on June 29, 1970 This was the change date from 4 Wing to 1 CAG It was also the disbanding date for two of the squadrons

The Group remained until 1988 when Canada increased her commitment to NATO three squadrons in theatre and two squadrons in Canada and No 1 Canadian Air Division stood-up again However, shortly after this, relations with the east started to warm and Canada made another announcement: Canada would withdraw her forces stationed in Europe and close the doors on her two bases by 1994 The Air Division, reduced to three squadrons then to two and finally one, ceased flying operations 1 January 1993 This ended a major era of Canada's Air Force

Division structure in 1989

  • 1 Canadian Air Division, CFB Baden-Söllingen, in war under Fourth Allied Tactical Air Force
    • 3 Wing CFB Lahr
      • 3 Wing Operations
      • 3 Communication and Air Traffic Control Squadron
      • 416 Tactical Fighter Squadron or 441 Tactical Fighter Squadron from CFB Cold Lake, 18x CF-18
      • 425 Tactical Fighter Squadron or 433 Tactical Fighter Squadron from CFB Bagotville, 18x CF-18
    • 4 Wing CFB Baden-Söllingen
      • 4 Wing Operations
      • 4 Communication and Air Traffic Control Squadron
      • 409 Tactical Fighter Squadron, 18x CF-18
      • 421 Tactical Fighter Squadron, 18x CF-18
      • 439 Tactical Fighter Squadron, 18x CF-18
      • Air Reserve Augmentation Flight Reserve Pilots
      • Training Flight, 5x CT-133 Silver Star
      • 1 Air Maintenance Squadron CFB Baden-Soellingen
      • 4 Construction Engineer Squadron, detached from Royal Canadian Engineers
    • 444 Tactical Helicopter Squadron detached to 4 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group, CFB Lahr CH136 Kiowa, UH1N
    • Detachment Lahr, 412 Transport Squadron, 2x CC-142 Dash 8
      • 5 Air Movement Unit

Recreation from 1997

In the summer of 1997, the functional groups Air Transport Group, Fighter Group, Maritime Air Group, Air Reserve Group, and 10 Tactical Air Group were dissolved, and 14 Training Group was absorbed within Air Command Headquarters 1 Canadian Air Division was stood up in Winnipeg to exercise operational command of all CF air assets

Today based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, the division is also the headquarters for the Canadian NORAD Region CANR, commands 11 of the RCAF's 13 wings, and oversees the monitoring of Canada's airspace in support of the nation's commitments to the North American Aerospace Defence Command NORAD The division is staffed by 600 regular and reserve force members In addition to military personnel the headquarters is also assisted by civilian personnel in the Operational Research and Analysis Directorate ORAD

References

  1. ^ "1 Canadian Air Division Commander" Royal Canadian Air Force Retrieved 28 November 2016 
  2. ^ "1 Canadian Air Division Commander" PDF blatherwick Retrieved 28 November 2016 
  3. ^ "New Commander of 1 Canadian Air Division" Aviationca Retrieved 28 November 2016 
  4. ^ "New Commander for 1 Canadian Air Division/Canadian NORAD Region" Aviationca Retrieved 28 November 2016 
  5. ^ "Archived - New Commander of 1 Canadian Air Division/Canadian NORAD Region" DND Retrieved 28 November 2016 
  6. ^ "New Commander of 1 Canadian Air Division/Canadian NORAD Region" Canada's Air Force July 18, 2007 Retrieved 12 December 2010 
  7. ^ "MGen Marc Dumais Tours 8 Wing/CFB Trenton" The Contact Retrieved 28 November 2016 
  8. ^ Lucas, Steve "Former City Man to Lead Air Force" The Winnipeg Sun Retrieved 28 November 2016 
  9. ^ "New Commander of 1 Canadian Air Division/Canadian NORAD Region, July 9, 2009" Canada's Air Force Archived from the original on June 11, 2011 Retrieved 2010-01-12 
  10. ^ "New Commander of 1 Canadian Air Division/Canadian NORAD Region, July 18, 2007" Canada's Air Force Retrieved 2010-01-12 
  11. ^ Greenhous1999, p 132
  12. ^ "1 Air Division" Badenremembered Retrieved 20 January 2010 
  13. ^ Formed 1976 http://wwwrcaf-arcforcesgcca/en/air-reserve/indexpage
  14. ^ Canadian Forces Aerospace Doctrine, B-GA-400-000/FP-000, Second Edition, December 2010, 12
  • Greenhous, Brereton; Halliday, Hugh A Canada's Air Forces, 1914–1999 Montreal: Editions Art Global and the Department of National Defence, 1999 ISBN 2-920718-72-X

External links

  • Official website
  • Tactical Air Control System - NATO Ground Environment Command & Control US Air Force, Europe usarmygermanycom


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