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Konstantin Feoktistov

konstantin feoktistov, konstantin feoktistov aleksander
Konstantin Petrovich Feoktistov Russian: Константин Петрович Феоктистов; 7 February 1926 – 21 November 2009 was a Soviet cosmonaut and an eminent space engineer Feoktistov also wrote several books on space technology and exploration The Feoktistov crater on the far side of the Moon is named in his honor

Contents

  • 1 Biography
  • 2 Honours and awards
  • 3 References
  • 4 Further reading

Biography

During the Nazi occupation of Voronezh, at the age of just 16, Feoktistov fought with the Soviet Army against the German troops, carrying out reconnaissance missions for the Voronezh Front After being captured by an Waffen-SS Army patrol, Feoktistov was shot by a German officer However, the bullet went right through his chin and neck and did not kill him Feoktistov was able to crawl out later and then make his way to the Soviet lines

After the war was over, Feoktistov enrolled in the Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School as an engineering student and he graduated in 1949 Feoktistov also later earned a doctorate in physics He joined Mikhail Tikhonravov's OKB design bureau, and in 1955, Feoktistov formed part of the team that went on to design the Sputnik satellites, the Vostok space capsule, the Voskhod space capsule, and the Soyuz space capsule under the leadership of the Soviet Chief Designer Sergey Korolev During this time, Feoktistov also worked on a design for an ion-propelled spacecraft to be capable of taking humans to Mars

In 1964, Feoktistov was selected as part of a group of engineers for cosmonaut training, and in October of that very same year, he was hastily assigned to the multi-disciplinary Voskhod 1 crew He was the first civilian to make a space flight, and the only cosmonaut in the Soviet Union who was not a member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union During his space flight, he spent just over 24 hours and 17 minutes in space

After the flight of Voskhod 1, Feoktistov's training for any further space mission was discontinued for medical reasons However, Feoktistov continued his outer space engineering work, and he later became the head of the Soviet space design bureau that designed the Salyut and Mir space stations

In October 1969, Konstantin Feoktistov and Georgi Beregovoi traveled as guests of NASA throughout the US, visiting any city they chose and Disneyland in California – they were joined on the trip by US astronauts as hosts, including Eugene Cernan, Neil Armstrong and others Kirk Douglas and others hosted receptions for them in Hollywood – they were protected by special agents of the US State Department on request of NASA Almost every place they went when accompanied by Eugene Cernan, if a band was present the song "Fly Me to the Moon" was played – when they visited Disneyland they enjoyed the ride Trip To The Moon, then joked with the US astronauts that they went to Disneyland and not the moon It was a trip that all enjoyed and international friendships were made Feoktistov resigned from his engineering position with Energia and then returned to Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School as a professor in 1990

Honours and awards

  • Hero of the Soviet Union
  • Title Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR
  • Order of Lenin
  • Two Orders of the Patriotic War 1st class
  • Two Orders of the Red Banner of Labour
  • Order of the Badge of Honour
  • Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
  • Medal "For the Development of Virgin Lands"
  • State Prize of the USSR
  • Lenin Prize
  • Hero of Socialist Labour Vietnam

References

  1. ^ Former Soviet cosmonaut Konstantin Feoktistov dies, BBC News, 22 November 2009, retrieved 29 November 2009 
  2. ^ "Феоктистов Константин Петрович" wwwwarheroesru in Russian Retrieved 2015-12-24 
  3. ^ Скончался космонавт Константин Феоктистов Vestiru 22 November 2009 Retrieved on 16 July 2014
  4. ^ Константин Петрович Феоктистов Astronautru Retrieved on 16 July 2014

Further reading

  • Roskosmos 22 November 2009, Умер лётчик-космонавт СССР Феоктистов Константин Петрович in Russian, archived from the original on 8 April 2010, retrieved 7 April 2010 
  • Associated Northcliffe Digital 23 November 2009, Konstantin Feoktistov, archived from the original on 1 February 2010, retrieved 29 November 2009 
  • Martin Childs 28 November 2009, "Konstantin Feoktistov: Cosmonaut who helped set a space altitude record on Voskhod I", The Independent, retrieved 29 November 2009 
  • "Rockets and people" – B E Chertok, M: "mechanical engineering", 1999 ISBN 5-217-02942-0 in Russian
  • AI Ostashev, Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov - The Genius of the 20th Century — 2010 M of Public Educational Institution of Higher Professional Training MGUL ISBN 978-5-8135-0510-2
  • "S P Korolev Encyclopedia of life and creativity" - edited by C A Lopota, RSC Energia S P Korolev, 2014 ISBN 978-5-906674-04-3
  • The official website of the city administration Baikonur - Honorary citizens of Baikonur

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    29.10.2014


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