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Ludovic Kennedy

ludovic kennedy, ludovic kennedy and moira shearer
Sir Ludovic Henry Coverley Kennedy 3 November 1919 – 18 October 2009 was a British journalist, broadcaster, humanist and author best known for re-examining cases such as the Lindbergh kidnapping and the murder convictions of Timothy Evans and Derek Bentley, and for his role in the abolition of the death penalty in the United Kingdom


  • 1 Early life
    • 11 Naval officer
  • 2 Journalism and broadcasting
  • 3 Writing
    • 31 Miscarriages of justice
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Campaigning
  • 6 Personal life
  • 7 Honours
  • 8 Death
  • 9 See also
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

Early life

Kennedy was born in 1919 in Edinburgh, the son of a career Royal Navy officer, Edward Coverley Kennedy, and his wife, Rosalind Grant, daughter of Sir Ludovic Grant, 11th Baronet His mother Rosalind was a cousin of the Conservative politician Robert Boothby, later Lord Boothby He had two younger sisters, Morar and Katherine Morar married the playwright Royce Ryton in 1954 Katherine married Major Ion Calvocoressi in 1947

He was schooled at Eton College where he played in a jazz band with Humphrey Lyttelton, and studied for a year at Christ Church, Oxford, until the outbreak of war

Kennedy's father, by then a 60-year-old retired captain, returned to the navy and was given command of HMS Rawalpindi, a hastily militarised P&O steamship, known as an Armed Merchant Cruiser On 23 November 1939, while on patrol southeast of Iceland the Rawalpindi encountered two of the most powerful German warships, the small battleships or battlecruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau trying to break out through the GIUK gap into the Atlantic The Rawalpindi was able to signal the German ships' location back to base Despite being hopelessly outgunned, Captain Edward Coverley Kennedy of the Rawalpindi decided to fight, rather than surrender as demanded by the Germans Scharnhorst sank Rawalpindi; of her 312 crew 275 including her captain were killed Captain Kennedy was posthumously mentioned in dispatches and his decision to fight against overwhelming odds entered the folklore of the Royal Navy His son Ludovic was twenty years old

Naval officer

Ludovic Kennedy followed his father into the navy; he served as an officer on destroyers, mostly in the same northern seas His ship HMS Tartar was one of those that pursued the battleship Bismarck following the Battle of the Denmark Strait although he did not witness her sinking because Tartar went to refuel some hours before the end Kennedy later wrote about this in Pursuit, his chronicle of the chase and sinking of the Bismarck

Journalism and broadcasting

Having studied for one year at Christ Church, Oxford, before the war, he returned to complete his studies in 1945 At Oxford he helped found the Writers' Club and then sought a means of support while he completed a book on Nelson's captains After leaving Oxford he began a career as an investigative journalist

A campaigning, investigative reporter, Kennedy wrote for a number of publications, including Newsweek From 1953, he edited and introduced the First Reading radio series on the BBC Third Programme, presenting young writers such as Kingsley Amis and Philip Larkin Later he became a television journalist and a newsreader on ITV's Independent Television News alongside Robin Day and Chris Chataway He presented the BBC's flagship current affairs programme Panorama for several years Kennedy was interested in miscarriages of justice, and he wrote and broadcast on numerous cases

A major interest of Kennedy's was naval warfare He wrote and presented a substantial number of television documentaries for the BBC on maritime history in the Second World War, beginning with Scapa Flow, followed by the dramatic narrative of the sinking of the Bismarck in which he was personally involved Other subjects included the U-Boat war, the story of HMS Belfast, and the raids on Dieppe and St Nazaire The Life and Death of the Scharnhorst 1971 brought him into contact with survivors of the battlecruiser that had sunk his father's ship HMS Rawalpindi The series included Target Tirpitz 1973, a history of the extraordinary attempts to sink the feared German battleship Two of these films led to subsequent books

In 1980 he presented an episode of the BBC television series Great Railway Journeys of the World, in which he crossed the USA

From 1980 to 1988 he presented the television review programme Did You See He interviewed Peter Cook's character Sir Arthur Streeb-Greebling in A Life in Pieces in 1990 He appeared as himself in several episodes on the political comedy series Yes Minister Kennedy was the subject of an episode of That Reminds Me 2002: season 4, episode 1

Private Eye magazine sometimes referred to him as 'Ludicrous Kennedy' In the long-running BBC sitcom Till Death Us Do Part, Alf Garnett – while attacking BBC personalities – spoke of him as a Russian Mick "Mick" being an offensive term for an Irishman, meaning "that Ludovich Kennedy!"


Kennedy's book Pursuit: The Chase and Sinking of the "Bismarck" ISBN 978-0-304-35526-6 detailed the career of the Bismarck, her sinking of British battlecruiser Hood, and her destruction by the Royal Navy

Miscarriages of justice

He wrote several books that questioned convictions in a number of notable cases in British criminal history One of the first miscarriages of justice he investigated was the conviction and hanging of Timothy Evans in his 1961 book Ten Rillington Place ISBN 978-0-586-03428-6 Evans was found to have murdered his baby daughter in 1950, but Kennedy contended that he was innocent, and that the murders of his wife and baby had been committed by the serial killer John Christie Christie was hanged three years after the hanging of Evans, following the discovery of six more bodies at 10 Rillington Place, none of which could be ascribed to Evans Indeed, two of the skeletons found at the house dated back to the war – long before Evans and his family had moved in After a long campaign, Evans was posthumously pardoned in 1966 The scandal helped in the abolition of the death penalty in the UK Kennedy's book was filmed in 1970 as 10 Rillington Place, starring John Hurt as Evans and Richard Attenborough as Christie

In 1985, Kennedy published The Airman and the Carpenter ISBN 978-0-670-80606-5, in which he argued that Richard Hauptmann did not kidnap and murder Charles Lindbergh's baby, a crime for which he was executed in 1936 The book was made into a 1996 HBO film Crime of the Century, starring Stephen Rea and Isabella Rossellini

In 1990, Kennedy became the advisory committee chairman of Just Television, a television production company dedicated to exposing miscarriages of justice

In 2003, he wrote 36 Murders and 2 Immoral Earnings ISBN 978-1-86197-457-0, in which he analysed a number of noted cases, including the Evans case and those of Derek Bentley and the Birmingham Six, a number of which were affected by claims of police failure, police misconduct or perjury In it he concluded that the adversarial system of justice in the UK and the United States "is an invitation to the police to commit perjury, which they frequently do", and said that he preferred the inquisitorial system

Kennedy also wrote:

  • Sub-Lieutenant: A Personal Record of the War at Sea, 1942
  • One Man's Meat, 1953
  • Murder Story, 1954
  • Trial of Stephen Ward, 1964, ISBN 978-0-575-01035-2
  • Very lovely people; a personal look at some Americans living abroad, 1969, ISBN 978-0-671-20205-7
  • Nelson and His Captains also called Nelson's band of brothers, 1975, ISBN 0-00-211569-7
  • Presumption of Innocence: Amazing Case of Patrick Meehan, 1976, ISBN 978-0-575-02072-6
  • Death of the Tirpitz also called Menace – The Life and Death of the Tirpitz, 1979, ISBN 978-0-316-48905-8
  • On My Way to the Club, 1990, ISBN 0-00-637079-9 his autobiography
  • Euthanasia: The Case for the Good Death, 1990, ISBN 978-0-7011-3639-0
  • Truth to Tell: Collected Writings of Ludovic Kennedy, 1992, ISBN 978-0-552-99505-4
  • In Bed with an Elephant: Personal View of Scotland, 1995, ISBN 978-0-593-02326-6
  • All in the Mind: A Farewell To God, 1999, ISBN 978-0-340-68063-6 a critique of Christianity


In 1958, Kennedy stood for election to Parliament as the Liberal candidate in the Rochdale by-election called after the death of the sitting Conservative MP, Wentworth Schofield in December 1957 He lost to the Labour candidate, Jack McCann, but achieved an increase in the Liberal vote, pushing the Conservatives into third place The Rochdale contest was the first British by-election to receive live television coverage locally, by Granada Television

Kennedy supported Scottish Independence


In addition to his writing and campaigning on miscarriages of justice, Kennedy campaigned on a number of other issues

A lifelong atheist, he published All in the Mind: A Farewell To God in 1999, in which he discussed his philosophical objections to religion, and the ills he felt had come from Christianity He was a Distinguished Supporter of the British Humanist Association, he contributed to New Humanist magazine, he was an Honorary Associate of the National Secular Society and a Distinguished Supporter of the Humanist Society Scotland

He was also an advocate of the legalisation of assisted suicide, and is a co-founder and former chair of the Voluntary Euthanasia Society His book, Euthanasia: The Case for the Good Death, was published in 1990

Kennedy resigned from the Liberal Democrats in 2001, citing the incompatibility of his pro-voluntary euthanasia views with those of the then Liberal Democrat leader Charles Kennedy no relation, who was a Roman Catholic

He then stood as an independent on a platform of legalising voluntary euthanasia in the 2001 general election for the Wiltshire constituency of Devizes He won 2% of the vote and subsequently rejoined the Liberal Democrats

Personal life

In February 1950 he married the dancer and actress Moira Shearer in the Chapel Royal, Hampton Court Palace He later remembered their meeting in 1949, when he was reluctantly persuaded by a friend to accept a complimentary ticket to a fancy dress ball held at the Lyceum ballroom in London Shearer – who had recently become famous for her role in The Red Shoes – was presenting the prizes at the occasion, and Kennedy later recalled that "I felt a tremor run through me when I caught sight of her She looked even lovelier than in the film"

Summoning up his courage, he approached the 23-year-old dancer and asked her to dance She would be delighted, she told him, only "I don't dance very well" She was not, Kennedy revealed, a competent ballroom dancer The couple had one son and three daughters Alastair, Ailsa, Rachel and Fiona from a 56-year marriage that ended with her death on 31 January 2006 at the age of 80


He received an honorary doctorate from the University of Strathclyde in 1985

He was knighted in 1994 for services to journalism, on the recommendation of John Major's government Major's predecessor Margaret Thatcher had vetoed Kennedy's knighthood


Kennedy died of pneumonia in a nursing home in Salisbury, Wiltshire, on 18 October 2009, aged 89

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Sir Ludovic Kennedy" Daily Telegraph 19 October 2009 Retrieved 19 October 2009 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Booth, Jenny 19 October 2009 "Author and broadcaster Sir Ludovic Kennedy dies" Times Online Retrieved 19 October 2009 
  3. ^ Royal Navy official website reference to HMS Rawalpindi
  4. ^ Kennedy, Ludovic Pursuit: The Chase and Sinking of the "Bismarck" ISBN 978-0-304-35526-6 
  5. ^ Leonard Miall 20 October 2009 "Sir Ludovic Kennedy: Writer and broadcaster who devoted much of his career to exposing miscarriages of justice" The Independent Retrieved 3 August 2013 
  6. ^ "Sir Ludovic Kennedy dead at 89" The Herald 19 October 2009 Retrieved 19 October 2009 
  7. ^ a b Robinson, James 19 October 2009 "Ludovic Kennedy dies aged 89" The Guardian Retrieved 19 October 2009 
  8. ^ David Steel Obituary: Sir Ludovic Kennedy, The Guardian, 19 October 2009
  9. ^ "Yes, Minister: 'The Challenge' episode summary" TVcom Retrieved 30 November 2010 
  10. ^ "Yes, Prime Minister: 'The Tangled Web' episode summary" TVcom Retrieved 30 November 2010 
  11. ^ "That Reminds Me: A Titles & Air Dates Guide" epguidescom 2006 Archived from the original on 29 November 2010 Retrieved 30 November 2010 
  12. ^ "Obituary: Sir Ludovic Kennedy" BBC News 19 October 2009 Retrieved 19 October 2009 
  13. ^ "Author Ludovic Kennedy dies at 89" BBC News 19 October 2009 Retrieved 19 October 2009 
  14. ^ "Sir Ludovic quits Lib Dems" BBC News 19 May 2001 Retrieved 19 October 2009 
  15. ^ University Calendar part1 p328, University of Strathclyde, The ISBN printed in the calendar 1-85098-590-2 is bad; it causes a checksum error Retrieved 20 October 2009

External links

  • Details of HMS Rawalpindi
  • Sir Ludovic Kennedy – Daily Telegraph obituary
  • Ludovic Kennedy on IMDb
  • "Ludovic Kennedy + British Act of Supremacy" webarchiveorg Archived from the original on 27 January 2008 Retrieved 19 October 2009 

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