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Dwifungsi

Dwifungsi "dual function" was a doctrine implemented by Suharto's military-dominated "New Order" government in Indonesia following the removal of President Sukarno Dwifungsi was used to justify the military permanently increasing its influence in the Indonesian government, including reserved military-only seats in the parliament, and top positions in the nation's public service Contents 1 Origins 2 Implementation 3 Notes 4 References Origins After the 1949 transfer of sovereignty, the Army ...
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Raymond Westerling

Indonesian National Revolution South Sulawesi Campaign APRA Coup d'état attempt Raymond Westerling Dutch pronunciation: ; 31 August 1919 – 26 November 1987 was a Dutch military officer of the KNIL Royal Netherlands East Indies Army He committed a massacre in Sulawesi during the Indonesian National Revolution after World War II and was responsible for a coup attempt against the Indonesian government in January 1950, a month after the official transfer of sovereignty Both actions were denounced ...
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Legion of Ratu Adil

The Legion of Ratu Adil, also known as Angkatan Perang Ratu Adil APRA or the Prince Justice Legion was a pro-Dutch militia and private army established during the Indonesian National Revolution It was founded by the former KNIL Captain Raymond Westerling following his demobilization on January 15, 1949[1] The militia's name was derived from a passage from the medieval Book of Prophecies of Jojo Boyo which prophesied the coming of a Ratu Adil or Prince Justice who would be of Turkish desc...
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Garuda Contingent

The Garuda Contingent Indonesian: Kontingen Garuda, often abbreviated Konga is a group of peacekeepers drawn from the Indonesian military that serve with the United Nations Since its first mission in 1956, it has deployed to three continents History The Garuda Contingent was first deployed to Egypt and Israel in November 1956 as part of the United Nations Emergency Force It was first under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Hartoyo, who was later replaced by Lieutenant Colonel Suhadi Suromihardj...
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Pembela Tanah Air

PETA Indonesian: Pembela Tanah Air – Defenders of the Homeland or Kyōdo Bōei Giyūgun 郷土防衛義勇軍 was an Indonesian volunteer army established on 3 October 1943 in Indonesia by the occupying Japanese The Japanese intended PETA to assist their forces in opposing a possible invasion by the Allies The word PETA itself means map in local language By the end of the war, there were a total of 69 battalions daidan in Java around 37,000 men and Sumatra approximately 20,000 men On 17 August 1945, th...
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Operation Tinombala

 Indonesia Armed Forces Army Navy Marine Corps Air Force[1] Police Mobile Brigade Corps Brimob Mujahidin Indonesia Timur MITCommanders and leaders Joko Widodo Badrodin Haiti Gatot Nurmantyo Tito Karnavian Santoso † Basri Ali KaloraStrength approx 3,000 36Casualties and losses 1 wounded 5 killed 1 killed Operation Tinombala Indonesian: Operasi Tinombala is a joint-military operation conducted by the Indonesian National Police and the Indonesian Armed Forc...
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2003–04 Indonesian offensive in Aceh

The 2003–2004 Indonesian offensive in Aceh against the Free Aceh Movement GAM separatists was launched on May 19, 2003, and lasted nearly one year It followed a two-week ultimatum to GAM to accept special autonomy under Indonesian rule It was one of the Indonesian military's largest campaigns since the 1975 invasion of East Timor It severely disabled the rebel movement, and along with the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake brought the 30-year conflict in Aceh to an end Contents 1 Background 2 Milita...
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Darul Islam rebellion

The Darul Islam rebellion was a war waged between 1949 and 1962 by the Islamic State of Indonesia, commonly known as Darul Islam, to establish an Islamic state in Indonesia The rebellion began when Sekarmadji Maridjan Kartosuwirjo, a nationalist who had resisted the Dutch during the Indonesian National Revolution, refused to recognize the new Republic of Indonesia Instead, he proclaimed the establishment of the Islamic State of Indonesia on August 7, 1949 Kartosuwirjo led Darul Islam's war again...
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Denjaka

Satya Wira Dharma Sanskrit"Ready to act against any threat of danger"Beret color   Reddish PurpleAnniversaries 4 NovemberEngagements Insurgency in East Timor Insurgency in Papua Insurgency in Aceh CommandersCurrentcommander Col Bambang WahyuonoNotablecommanders Budi PurnamaNur Alamsyah Denjaka abbreviation from Detasemen Jala Mangkara is a counter-terrorism elite special operation force of the Indonesian Navy It is a combined detachment formed from selected personnel of the Navy's Fro...
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Taifib

Indonesian Marine Corps Korps Marinir part of Indonesian Navy TNI-ALType Amphibious reconnaissance unitRole Special reconnaissance SR Beach Reconnaissance SUROB Surf Observation Sabotage/Anti-sabotage Secrecy Combat swimmer Direct action Size ClassifiedPart of Indonesian National Armed Forces Tentara Nasional Indonesia TNIGarrison/HQ Yontaifib-1 HQ Kesatrian Batalyon Intai Amfibi-1, Karangpilang, Surabaya Yontaifib-2 HQ Kesatrian Batalyon Intai Amfibi-2, Marunda, Jakarta Nicknames Hantu L...
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