Fri . 19 Nov 2019

Charles Wilson (physicist)

Charles Thomson Rees Wilson is a Scottish physicist and meteorologist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1927 for his discovery of the "fog chamber" used in X-ray, radioactivity and cosmic ray studies between February 14, 1869 and November 15, 1959 [1]
Contents
1 Biography
2 Education and career
3 Awards and achievements
31 Nobel Prize in Physics
4 Last years
5 Awards
6 References
7 External links
8 See also
Biography
14 February 1869 He was born in Glencorse, Midlothian, Scotland as the child of the farmer “John Wilson” and “Annie Clerk Harper”. He was married in 1908 to “Jessie Fraser Dick iki. [2] When he lost his father at the age of 4, he and his mother moved to Manchester, England. He began studying at the University of Manchester at Owen's College. He won a scholarship from Cambridge University in 1888. When he graduated in 1892, physics and chemistry were more important to him
Education and career
Education Chronology
High School
Manchester Owen ' in College, University
1888
University
Undergraduate, Sydney Sussex College, University of Cambridge
1892 - Research Assistant
Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge
1892-1894
Scholar Member - Bradford Grammar School, Frizinghall, United Kingdom - 1894-1895 - Academic Member - Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge - 1894-1900 - Instructor - University of Cambridge
1900 -1918
Lecturer - Electrical Meteorology, University of Cambridge
1918-1925
Professor
Professor of Natural History, University of Cambridge
1925-1936
Awards and Achievements
Awards and achievements
Member of the Royal Society
1900
Nobel Physics Prize
1927 Arthur H Compton with Hughes Medal
1911 William Hopkins Prize
1920 RSE Gunning Prize
1921 Royal Medal
1922
Howard Potts Medal
1925 - Copley Medal
1935
Nobel Prize in Physics
In 1893 he became interested in meteorology In 1894, Ben Nevis began observing cloud formations During the experiments, Wilson, who observed the movement of ions during his experiments, discovered that the air was more conductive by using the newly discovered x-rays. won the Nobel Prize in Physics with Arthur H Compton in 1927 with the discovery of the cloud chamber Wil the last fog chamber is a device that makes the traces of charged particles visible. but it works with a more or less contradictory principle [3]
The first scientist to photograph the path of alpha and beta particles in 1911. He published two articles on the paths of electrons in 1923. And thereafter the fog chamber became an important part of nuclear research
Fog room CTR was developed by Wilson in 1912. Wilson worked on the cloud formation in the Ben Nevis research laboratory and found that small water droplets that form clouds were formed much faster in dust or ionized air molecules than in other places. Since the formation of ionized molecules provided the necessary conditions for cloud formation, a number of droplets would be allowed to remain in the path through which the particle passes. The fog chamber, like the bubble chamber, is used to identify charged particles. works based on the formation of liquid droplets in the gas [4]
Wilson fog chamber; a nuclear explosion in the form of smoke rings formed in the form of smoke rings with the system called Wilson condensation cloud
the last years
After 1916 headed to search for lightning strikes 1936 He retired from Cambridge but continued his research. During World War II, the British Air Force worked to prevent lightning. He died on 15 November 1959 in Carlops, Scotland. Awards -
Nobel in 1927 with Arthur Holly Compton Received Physics Prize
Bibliography
^ CTR Wilson

March 07, 2012 access
^ CTR Wilson Bioing 07 March 2012 access
^ Britannica Eng 07 March 2012 access
^ NUVE English - access: 08 March 2012 - External links - Royal Society Res mi Site
Fog Room Article
See also
Nobel Prize in Physics
Bubble chamber
Nobel Prize in Physics1901–1925
1901 X-ray
1902 Lorentz / Zeeman
1903 Becquerel / P Curie / M Curie
1904 Strutt
1905 Lenard
1906 JJ Thomson
1907 Michelson
1908 Lippmann
1909 Marconi / Braun
1910 Van der Waals
All products and services | 1911 Wien, 1912 Dalén, 1913 Kamerlingh Onnes, 1914 Laue, 1915 WL Bragg / WH Bragg, 1916, 1917, Barkla, 1918, Planck, and 1919 in Stark, in the 1920's. Guillaume, 1921 Einstein, 1922 N Bohr, 1923 Millikan, 1924 M Siegbahn, 1925 Franck / Hertz, 1926, 1950, Perrin, 1927, Compton / C Wilson, the United States of America. br> 1928 He Richardson
1929 De Broglie
1930 Raman 1931 Heisenberg 1933 Schrödinger / Dirac 1934 Chadwick 1936 Hess / CD Anderson
1937 Davisson / GP Thomson, 1938 Fermi, 1939 Lawrence, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1943, Stern, 1944, Rabi, 1945, Pauli, 1946, Bridgman, the United States of America. br> 1947 Appleton
1948 Blackett, 1949 Yukawa, 1950 Powell, 1951-1975, 1951 Cockcroft / Walton, 1952, Bloch / Purcell, 1953, Zernike, 1954, Born / Bothe, 1955, Lamb, The, The, The Kusch
1956 Shockley / Bardeen / Brattain
1957 CN Yang / TD Lee
1958 Cherenkov / Frank / Tamm
1959 Segrè / Chamberlain

Glaser
1961 Hofstadter / Mössbauer
All Titles by This Author 1962 Landau, 1963 Wigner / Goeppert-Mayer / Jensen, 1964 Townes / Basov / Prokhorov, 1965 Tomonaga / Schwinger / Feynman, 1966 Kastler, 1967, Bethe, 1968, Alvarez, 1969. All rights reserved. Gell-Mann - 1970 Alfvén / Néel - 1971 Gabor - 1972 Bardeen / Cooper / Schrieffer - 1973 Esaki / Giaever / Josephson - 1974 Ryle / Hewish - 1975 A Bohr / Mottelson / Rainwater
1976–2000
1976 Richter / Ting
1977 PW Anderson / Mott / Van Vleck 1978 Kapitsa / Penzias / R Wilson 1979 Glashow / Salami / Weinberg 1980 Cronin / Fitch Here's the list
1981 Bloembergen / Schawlow / Siegbahn
1982 K Wilson
1983 Chandrasekhar / Fowler
1984 Rubbia / Van der M eer
1985 von Klitzing - 1986 Ruska / Binnig / Rohrer - 1987 Bednorz / Müller - 1988 Lederman / Schwartz / Steinberger - 1989 Ramsey / Dehmelt / Paul - 1990 Friedman / Kendall / R We have been working in Germany. Taylor - Gennes de 1991 - Charpak 1992 - Hulse / J Taylor - 1994 Brockhouse / Shull - 1995 Perl / Reines - 1996 D Lee / Osheroff / R Richardson - 1997 Chu / Cohen-Tannoudji / Phillips
1998 Laughlin / Störmer / Tsui
1999 't Hooft / Veltman
2000 Alferov / Kroemer / Kilby
2001 – present day 2001 Cornell / Ketterle / Wieman
2002 Davis / Koshiba / Giacconi
2003 Abrikosov / Ginzburg / Leggett
2004 Gross / Politzer / Wilczek 2005 Glauber / Hall / Hänsch 2006 Mather / Smoot 2007 Fert / Grünberg
2008 Nambu / Kobayashi / Maskawa
2009 Kao / Boyle / Smith
2010 Geim / Novoselov
2011 Perlmutter / Riess / Schmidt 2012 Wineland / Haroche
2013 Englert / Higgs
2014 All rights reserved. Akasaki / Amano / Nakamura - 2015 Thouless / Haldane / Koster litz
2017 Weiss / Barish / Thorne
2018 Ashkin / Mourou / Strickland


Charles Wilson (fizikçi)

Rastgele Yazılar

Fenerbahçe (kadın voleybol takımı) 1992-93 sezonu

Fenerbahçe (kadın voleybol takımı) 1992-93 sezonu

Fenerbahçe kadın voleybol takımı 1992-93 sezonunda İstanbul Birinci Ligi'nde mücadele etmiştir İç...
2010 Yaz Gençlik Olimpiyatları

2010 Yaz Gençlik Olimpiyatları

2010 Gençlik Olimpiyatları, düzenlenen ilk Gençlik Olimpiyat Oyunlarıdır. 14-26 Ağustos 2010 tarihle...
Çapanoğlu

Çapanoğlu

Çapanoğlu şu anlamlara gelebilir: Ahmet Fuat Çapanoğlu Cevat Çapanoğlu Mustafa Çapanoğlu Münir Süle...
NGC 646

NGC 646

Koordinat: 01s 37d 21,1sn; -64º 53' 43″ NGC 646 Gözlem verisi Dönem J2000 Takımyıldız Suyıl...