Feudalism (from the English: feudum.) - the economic and social model in which basic social classes of people - the feudal lords (landowners) and their economic dependence on the peasantry; feudal lords thus connected to each other specific type of legal obligations, known as feudalism shoots.
word "feudalism" was used XVII century English jurist. as the type designation of the property; as a socio-political term is used in Manteske. The notion of feudalism as a stage of social and economic history of mankind, which corresponded to the European Middle Ages, developed in the French historiography of the early XIX century. Above all in Gizo. The official Soviet Marxism feudalism considered as one of the five sociohistorical formations higher compared with rabovladenija. In the XX century. various historical schools have advanced different concept of feudalism; some do not vykarystovvalii this period. In modern science, the terms are often used traditional society, agrarian society. The dominant type of economy with the feudal system - subsistence farming, the contribution - the traditional feudal relations
When land owners (lords) are built in the feudal ladder:. Downstream (vassal) receives for service of allotment (feudal or fef) and serfs have higher (lord). At the head of the feudal ladder stood the monarch, but his power is usually considerably weakened in comparison with the powers of large lords, who, in turn, do not have absolute power over all the landowners, standing below them in the feudal ladder (the principle of "vassal of my vassal - not my vassal "in force in many countries of continental Europe). The peasants working on the land belonging to the feudal lords of all levels, paying them panschine or dues.
Feudalism in Western Europe, on a number of concepts has become more established in the V century. BC in the late Roman Empire. The distinctive features of feudalism in Western Europe had a high degree of political decentralization, the dualism of secular and ecclesiastical authorities, the specificity of the European city as a center of crafts and trade, the early development of horizontal social structures, public chasnoe law. Then, in the Middle Ages, he began to dominate in Europe until the bourgeois revolutions. In place of the feudal system came to the capitalist.
In the ancient world, the most similar to the feudal system was the Persian Empire, which was given a heavy rider wore similar to feudal fief.
See. The feud also
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fall of the Western Roman Empire • Great Migration • Feudalism • Dark Ages medieval • Renaissance • technology development • The Arab conquest of the Mongol empire • • Arab agricultural revolution • The Golden age of Islam
Countries and regions
England • Scotland • Ireland • Scandinavia • France • Germany • Spain • Italy • Mediterranean 'e • Kievan Rus • Byzantine empire Caliphate • • • Ka Mongolian empire myaoskoy Sultanate Religion
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History of Europe Prehistoric Europe
stone age Europe • Europe novakamennaga age • Europe • Europe Bronze age iron age
Classical Greece • The Roman Republic • Hellenistic • The Roman empire of late antiquity • • Early Christianity • The crisis of III century the Roman Empire • The fall of the Western Roman Empire, the Middle Ages
Early Middle Ages • Great Migrations Byzantium • • • The Christianization of Kievan Rus • High Middle Ages • Holy Roman Empire • The Crusades • Feudalism • Late Middle Ages • The Hundred Years' • Revival of war
Reformation • The great geographical discoveries • Baroque • Thirty Years war period • absolutism • The old order Rzeczpospolita • • • Dutch Republic Habsburg lie Hiya • Empire (Ottoman • Portuguese • Spanish • Swedish • British • Russian)
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Genetic history of Europe history of western civilization • • History • Military history of Mediterranean Europe • The history of European art history in Europe • Marine • The history of the European Union
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dictatorship of the proletariat • alienation theory • Operation • class struggle • • bourgeoisie proletariat Revolution • • • Scientific socialism Communism
law of surplus value • Political economy • Productive forces • Industrial relations • Labor force • Originally named capital Ashwani history
Primitive communism • materialist theory of the State of origin • Asiatic mode of production, the slave system • • • Feudalism Capitalism • • Socialism Communism
philosophy of dialectical materialism, historical materialism •
Avstramarksizm • Western Marxism Leninism • • • Bolshevism Lyuksemburgiyanstva • council communism Arheamarksizm • • • Marxism-Leninism, Stalinism, Maoism • • • Trotskyism Tsitaizm Juche • • • Evrakamunizm Neamarksizm Aperaizm • • • Analytical Marxism Structural Marxism Situatsyyanizm • • post-Marxism
Budapest Frankfurt School • School • School
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