Swaziland

Coordinates: 26 ° 3400 'S. w. 31 ° 2900 "to. d. / 26.566667 ° S. w. 31.483333 ° c. . D (G) (O) (I) -26.566667, 31.483333
Motto: "We - the fortress
(Template: Lang-ss)»
Hymn: «Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso temaSwati»
Date independence
6 September 1968 (from the UK)
official languages

Capital Mbabane (official), Labamba (royal and parliamentary)
largest cities

Form of Government Constitutional monarchy
The King of Swaziland
Prime Minister
Mswati III of
Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
Area

• Total •% of water surface
153rd in the world
17363 km²
0.9

Population • Evaluation (2009) • density

1.185 million [1] people. (154-I) 68.2
pers. / Km²
HDI
▼ 0.522 (average) (140th) Currency

Lilangeni
Internet domain
.sz
phone code
+268
All times are
+2
Swaziland Kingdom of Swaziland (Swazi: Umbuso we Swatini, English:. Kingdom of Swaziland) - a small country in South Africa. It has no access to the sea, bordered by the Republic of South Africa and Mozambique. The country's capital - the city of Mbabane. Historical capital -. City Labamba
name of the country is derived from the Swazi tribe that inhabits the area. In Svazilede valid South African College of the international community.

Contents 1 History 2 Geography Swaziland

3 Notes 4 References
history
VI millennium the territory of modern Swaziland profit Bushmen. In the VII century, they were driven out by the Bantu people. In the XVI century, the tribal people of the state of the Swazi was created here. This country fought for independence from the storms, and then the British.
In 1894, Swaziland's territory became part of the British protectorate of the British South African Republic. In 1903 Britain had aneksavanyya Boer republics, together with Swaziland.
In 1929 came the first Swazi political organization, the purpose of which was to obtain independence. The goal was achieved in 1968.
In 1973 the king suspended the constitution, banned political parties and dissolved the parliament. In 1978, a constitution was adopted, which established the country's absolute monarchy.
After the death of King Sabhuza II in 1982, the government received the Queen dividend. But the royal family did not agree with it, unleashing a civil war.
situation stabilized in 1986, when the king was Mswati III. Since 1989, the country began a process of democratization. In 1992, the king agreed to amend the constitution was changed electoral system. In 1993, the first since 1973 multiparty elections. In 2001, there were attempts to return to its former constitution, but they were unsuccessful. Two years later, again held elections in which won the People's Movement Imbakodva, which in 2005 banned the activities of other parties
Geography Swaziland
Map
Main article:. Geography Swaziland
Notes
↑ Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009) (PDF). World Population Prospects, Table A.1. 2008 revision. United Nations. http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wpp2008/wpp2008_text_tables.pdf. Retrieved on 2009-03-12.
Links
the Wikimedia Commons has media related to Swaziland
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