Rwanda

Coordinates: 1 ° 5900 "w. w. 29 ° 5300 "in. d. / 1.983333 ° S. w. 29.883333 ° c. . D (G) (O) (I) -1.983333, 29.883333
Hymn: «Rwanda Nziza»
independence
Date 1 July 1962 (from Belgium)

official language French, Rwanda , English

capital Kigali
largest city Kigali


Form of Government Republic President

Prime Minister Paul Kagame

P ' EP Damien Habumuremi
Area

• Total •% of water surface
144th in the world
26338 km²
5,3
Population
• Evaluation (2010) • density

10,746,311 people. (91st)
421 persons. / Km²
HDI (2007)
▼ 0460 (low) (167th) Currency

Ruandyyski Franc [1]
Internet domain
.rw
phone code
+250
All times are
+2
Rwanda, Republic of Rwanda - a country in Central Africa. The capital - Kigali. Head of State - Paul Kagame. Area = 26.338 thousand. Sq km Population = 9,038,000 people. (2005). Currency - Ruandyyski franc

Contents 1 History 2 Politics

2.1 Administrative division

3 Geography 4 Economy 5
Population
6 Culture 7 References 8 Notes
history
main article: History of Rwanda
ancient inhabitants of the area were Pygmy Rwanda - Twa. At the beginning of the II-nd th century AD. settled here bantumovnyya agricultural Hutus. Around the XVI century they conquered .. breeders of the Tutsi, who have built a state association, headed by the Mwami (king). Minority Tutsis make up the backbone of the ruling elite, which prevailed over most - Hutus. In 1898, Rwanda while entering Germany and attached to German East Africa. In 1916, Rwanda invaded Belgium, which, after the First World War, the League of Nations has received a mandate to manage Rwanda. Since 1946, Rwanda - UN trust territory under the control of Belgium. In 1959, representatives of the Hutu founded the Movement for the Emancipation (1960 republican - democratic movement PARMEHUTU, PARMEHUTU RDR) led by G.Kayibandam. In the first general elections in 1961 won DDR PARMEHUTU. In September 1961, abolished the monarchy, which was accompanied by clashes between Hutus and Tutsis, resulting in about 200 000 Tutsis had sought refuge in Uganda.
July 1, 1962 proclaimed the independence of Rwanda, he was the first president G.Kayibanda. In December 1963 took place on the new clashes between Hutus and Tutsis, Tutsis began ousting of the state apparatus. In July 1973, the military, led by General Zh.Habyarymanam coup. In December 1978, a new constitution of Rwanda, Habyarymana elected president. The only permitted political party declared the National Movement for Development (established in 1975). In October 1990, from the territory of Uganda, Rwanda broke militias ruandyyskaga Patriotic Front (PRF), established immigrants Tutsi. August 4, 1993 between the GRP and the Rwandan government signed a cease-fire and the creation of a coalition government. April 6, 1994 was hit by the plane on which lyatsnv Habyarymana, and he died, what accused the Tutsi. Hutu militia began mass physical extermination of the Tutsi; as a result of the genocide killed up to 1 million people. In response PRF launched an offensive and captured the entire territory of Rwanda. More than 2 million Hutus vtsyauli to neighboring countries. In July 1994, the President of Rwanda declared a Hutu born P.Bizimungu, vice-president - comes from the Tutsi P.Kagame. In 1997, Rwandan troops helped overthrow the regime of Mobutu Sese Seko in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and from September 1998 participated in the armed conflict in that country. In April 2000, the new president of Rwanda elected P.Kagame
Policy
Main article:. System of government and politics of Rwanda

Administrative divisions Main article: Administrative division of Rwanda
Geography
main article: Geography of Rwanda
Map

Economy main article: Economy of Rwanda

Population main article: Rwandan population

Culture main article: Culture of Rwanda
Literature
Belarusian encyclopedia: 18 TT 13: Ppm - Relaksin / the Editorial Board:. GP Pashkov, etc... - M: BelEn, 2001. - 576:.. Yl.. ISBN 985-11-0216-4 (. 13 m), ISBN 985-11-0035-8
Notes
↑ name "ruandyyski franc." - according to the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (see the References section.) r p

n
Rwanda on the
Coat
Flag Anthem

Political system Constitution

Parliament
Administrative division
Geography
Capital Cities

Population
Languages history
Economy
Currency
Culture Religion

Cinema Literature Music

Holy
Sport Science Education

Transport
Tourism
Mail (history and stamps)
Internet
Armed forces
Foreign policy
portal " Rwanda »
Afrykans ki Union
Algeria | Angola | Botswana | Benin | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Gabon | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea * | Guinea-Bissau | Djibouti | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Egypt | Zambia | Zimbabwe | Cape Verde | Cameroon | Comoros | Kenya | Côte d'Ivoire | Lesotho | Liberia | Libya | Madagascar * | Mozambique | Malawi | Mali | Mauritius | Mauritania * | Namibia | Niger | Nigeria | South Africa | Southern Sudan | Rwanda | Republic of the Congo | Somalia | Sao Tome and Principe | Sadr | Swaziland | Seychelles | Senegal | Sudan | Sierra Leone | Tanzania | Togo * | Tunisia | Uganda | Central African Republic | Chad | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Ethiopia
* Membership suspended

Francophones
Albania | Andorra | Armenia | Belgium (French Community of Belgium) | Benin | Bulgaria | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Vanuatu | Vietnam | Gabon | Haiti | Gana1 | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Greece | Djibouti | Dominica | Egypt | Cape Verde | Cambodia | Cameroon | Canada (New Brunswick, Quebec) | Kipr1 | pantry | Democratic Republic of the Congo | Republic of the Congo | Côte d'Ivoire | Laos | Lebanon | Luxembourg | Mauritius | Mauritania | Madagascar | Macedonia | Mali | Morocco | Moldova | Monaco | Niger | Rwanda | Romania | Sao Tome and Principe | Seychelles | Senegal | St. Lucia | Togo | Tunisia | France (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, St. Pierre and Miquelon) | Central African Republic | Chad | Switzerland | Equatorial Guinea
Observer States: Austria | Armenia | Hungary | Georgia | Latvia | Lithuania | Mozambique | Poland | Serbia | Slovakia | Slovenia | Thailand | Ukraine | Croatia | Czech
1Asatsyyavany
Member


Руанда

Выпадковыя Артыкула

Макар’еў

Макар’еў

Макар'еў руск: Мака́рьев — горад з 1778 года у Расіі, адміністрацыйны цэнтр Макар'еўскага раёна...
Сцяпан Захаравіч Гаўрусёў

Сцяпан Захаравіч Гаўрусёў

Сцяпан Захаравіч Гаўрусёў Дата нараджэння: 10 мая 1931(1931-05-10) Месца нараджэння: в. Нова...
Гародна

Гародна

Назву Гаро́дна маюць: Змест 1 Азёры 1.1 Беларусь 1.2 Віцебская вобласць 1.3 Брэсцкая вобласць ...
307 да н.э.

307 да н.э.

гады 309 да н.э. 308 да н.э. 307 да н.э. 306 да н.э. 305 да н.э. дзесяцігоддзі 320-я да н...