Lower Castle, Polotsk
The lower, or Streletsky Castle - a former castle in Polotsk
Contents 1 Description 2 History
3 Notes 4 References 5 External links
Description <. br> represents earthen embankment (called "shaft Ivan Terrible") length of 600 m, 10 m high, a base width of 30 m, chopped surrounded by a wall perimeter. The area of the castle -. About 6 hectares history
Lower Castle was built by order of the Russian Tsar Ivan IV after the capture of Polotsk its troops in 1563 the course of the Livonian War. Mounds Polochans for two years under the leadership of the governor and boyar Shuisky Zaitsev and Shchekino. Lower Castle on the plans of the XVI century. had 8 towers in the center of the castle was a tower-type dungeon. In the XVII century. towers and walls made of logs were replaced by a simple fence.
Castle had little defensive value, as it was built without consideration of fortification laws, without regard to the active development of military equipment in the XVI-XVII century., it lived archers Russian garrison under the command of the princes Shuisky brothers and Silver (because the castle is also called the Musketeers District).
Panorama Polotsk Lower castle shaft 1914.
protective function Lower castle loses at the beginning of the XVIII century. and since then it has become the residence of the marginal part of Polotsk population . This
Wooden buildings of the castle did not survive. Shaft lock remained partially - within 400 m, the center passage of the later period. Its shape, green areas it is quite organically fits into the landscape of the city. In the 1960s in the inner slopes of the shafts have been fitted under the bleachers "Spartak" stadium, which was located on the territory of the castle
↑ THEIR Polotsk - XVIII BB:.. The emergence, formation and development (according to archaeological and written source)
Belarusian encyclopedia: 18 TT 12: Palikrat - Prometheus / the Editorial Board:. GP Pashkov, etc... - M: BelEn, 2001. - 576:.. Yl.. ISBN 985-11-0198-2 (Vol. 12), ISBN 985-11-0035-8.
list of objects of state of the Republic of Belarus of historical and cultural values, code 213G000637
Upper and Lower locks Polotsk
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Districts and neighborhoods
Mound Selyshche • • • Upper castle Lower castle with the shaft of Ivan the Terrible roundabout • city •
Zapolotskogo posts streets and squares
Voykova • • Castle Square. Freedom • Lower Intercession • Karl Marx Prospect. • Euphrosyne • Sacco and Vanzetti • pr. Skaryna
Public buildings and facilities
female diocesan school • The county clerk and the lower courts • House Vice- governor • commandant's House • Magistrate • governor's House • House of the upper and lower councils • House of the governor-General • Jesuit College • House of Peter I • vadatsyazhnaya • tower bridge • Red House officers • Fire Station Museum
Belarusian Book printing Museum • Museum of history of architecture of the Sophia Cathedral Museum of traditional • pv ary weaving Lakeland • • Children's Museum Museum of Local Lore
Monuments and memorials
Boris rock • Skaryna monument • Monument VM Azino • Andrei of Polotsk Monument Monument • "B" letter Vseslav the Wizard • Monument • Monument the heroes of the Patriotic war of 1812 Monument Euphrosyne • • • Kriviches Monument Monument Monument architect John • Simeon of Polotsk • Oak Vaclav Lastovsky
Monasteries, churches and temples
Sophia Cathedral • Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and the monastery of Bernardine • Orthodox church of St. Anthony and Franciscan monastery Church • M or Our Lady of the Rosary and the Dominican Monastery † • St. Stephen's Church † • Church Francis Xavier † • Lutheran Church • Church of the Epiphany and the monastery • Savior-Euphrosyne Monastery (Transfiguration Church • Holy Cross Church) • Belchitsy (Monastery of Sts) • Church of the Intercession • Choral synagogue †
Gardens and parks, cemeteries
Red Fatynavskiya cemetery • cemetery • cemetery • Gromavskiya Ksaveravskiya cemetery
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