Language - a natural sign system, the main means of communication and thinking in the human community, the collective. When considering thinking as avtakamunikatsyi (communication of the individual with himself) language is defined as a means of communication in the broadest social sense. Language can not exist without society and society can not exist without language
language has two main functions:.. Communication and Nomination
communication function makes it possible collaboration and execution of collective experience, the exchange of information between people in society
. Nomination function makes it possible to design concepts through the language units, receiving information through the surrounding reality.
Structurally, language is a system of linguistic units and rules of combination. Also, distinguish linguistic elements that have their own meaning (and token morpheme), and elements that are not so important (phonemes). Laws of the origin and existence of the language system in general and certain ethnic language systems studied linguistics.
See. also
Classification languages
literary language
artificial language
talking animals
Martynov V. Language // Encyclopedia of Literature and Art. In 5 vols 3 - M:. BelEn, 1986. - p. 655.
Martynov V. Language // Belsat. In T. 7. 12 t -. M .: BelEn, 1973. - p. 283.
Rogovtsov B. Languages of the World: An Encyclopedic Reference - Mogilev: EE "Moscow State University named after A. Kuleshov", 2009. - 290 p. ISBN 978-985-480-506-1
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