Laos

Coordinates: 18 ° 0700 's. w. 104 ° 18'00 "a. d. / 18.116667 ° c. w. 104.3 ° c. . D (G) (O) (I) 18.116667, 104.3
motto: «ສັນ ຕິ ພາບ ເອ ກະ ລາດ ປະ ຊາ ທິ ປະ ໄຕ ເອ ກະ ພາບ ວັດ ຖະ ນາ ຖາ ວອນ
peace, independence, democracy, unity and prosperity»
Hymn: «Pheng Xat Lao»
Date independence
19 July 1949 (from France)
official language

Laos capital Vientiane

largest cities
Vientiane, Pax, Savannakhet, Luang Prabang
Form of government socialist Republic

President
Vice President
Prime Minister Choummaly
Sayason
Bovn-Gnang Valachi
Thangsing Thamavang
State. Buddhism religion

Area

• Total •% of water surface
81 th in the world
236800 km² Population Page 2

• Evaluation (2005 )
• density
5924000 people. (105-I)
25 people. / Km²

GDP • Together (2008)
• Per capita
$ 12.65 Bln. (132nd)
$ 1900
HDI (2011)
▲ 0.524 (average) (138th) Currency

Lao Kip (= 100 atom)
Internet domain
.la
phone code
+856
All times are
+7
Laos (Lao, Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxôn Lao, Lao Republic) - a country in South-East Asia, located on the Indochina peninsula in the north
. borders with Myanmar and China to the east with Vietnam, Cambodia to the south, to the west with Thailand; has no access to the sea.

Contents 1 History 2 Nature

3 State structure and politics
4 national symbol
5 Population 6
Belarusian-Lao relations
7 See. Nature also

Mountain landscape
Laos - a mountainous country. The mountains rarely exceed 2000 meters, but have strongly dissected topography. Mountainous terrain and dense tropical forests hinder communication with neighboring countries. The northern most of the country is occupied by the most high, rugged and sparsely populated mountains. They are composed of granite, gneiss, and are cut by deep gorges through which flow numerous rivers. Mountain ranges interspersed with plateaus folded, sandstones and limestones. The north-eastern border runs along the ridges Dendin, Shamshao, Shusungtyaotyay, south-east - the mountains Chyongshon (up to 2700 m), the western - the ridge of Luang Prabang. The central part of the plateau Lao allocated Xiengkhouang about 1200 m in height, surrounded over high mountains. South of it rises the highest mountain in the country Bia (2819 m). Mountain Chyongshon replaced by low plateau, which gave break to the wide Mekong valley. The most extensive basalt plateau Bolov with an average altitude of 1200 m is located in the extreme south of the country.
In Laos there are significant reserves of minerals. Currently explored deposits tin ore (metal content 60%). An estimated reserves of iron ore (magnetite and hematite with a metal content up to 60-65%) in Laos make up 2/3 of the Southeast Asian resources. Also explored deposit copper ore, coal, lead, zinc, antimony, gypsum, manganese, limestone, potash salt, platinum, gemstones (sapphire, ruby, etc.). Many of the alluvial deposits of gold and silver. Is developing deposits of tin ore, gold, and precious stones.
The climate is sub-equatorial monsoon. There are three seasons: a pronounced wet hot - from May to October, the dry cool - from November to February is hot and dry from March to April. Monsoon invades almost simultaneously on the entire territory of Laos. Precipitation varies considerably, from about 3,000 mm per year in the mountains (up to the south-east of the country on a plateau Bolov - 3700 mm) up to 1300-1700 mm on the plains (in Savanakhetse 1440 mm, 1700 mm in Vientiane, Luang Prabang - 1360 mm). Atmospheric moisture is not always enough to grow rice. The average temperatures of December-January range from 14 to 23 ° C, in July - in the range 28-30 ° C. The highest air temperature - 40 ° C - is in the Mekong valley in March and April and the lowest - less than + 5 ° C - Sianghuang plateau in the far north of the country
Mekong in the south Laos
through the territory of Laos. It runs one of the largest Asian Mekong rivers. Its length on the territory of Laos 1850 km. Most of the rivers belong to the Mekong basin. The largest of them - Tha, Y, Ngum, Bangfay, Banghiang, Don Kong, Then. In the context of the summer monsoon climate floods occur and become shallow river in the winter and the country lacks water for irrigation and for domestic use. Rivers are the primary means of communication, but the navigation on many of them is limited because of rapids and waterfalls. Mekong navigable for 500 km from Vientiane to Savannakhet where river width reaches 1.5 km. The most common means of transport -. Sampans flat-bottomed, long pirogi and motor boats
River Lao convenient for the construction of hydroelectric power station and are an important energy source. They found a lot of fish that are caught for domestic consumption. The Mekong valley alluvial sediments accumulate and form fertile soil. They are confined basic farmland.
In Laos chyrvanazomy predominate, red and yellow and red soil. Suitable for arable land covers about 5 million hectares, of which in the early 1990s. processed only 17% - 850-900 thousand hectares (less than 4% of the country).. Approximately 80% of the acreage set aside for rice.
in the 1950s. forests covered 70% of the country, but before the beginning of the 1990s, about a third of them had been cut down, and now they occupy less than 50% of the territory of Laos.
the north common evergreen humid subtropical forest with a large participation of the magnolias, laurels, vines, fern. Above 1500 m, they are replaced by mixed coniferous-broad-leaved forests with oak, pine, chestnut. On the plateau of central and southern Laos is dominated by bright monsoon deciduous forest with teak, Shore, dipterocarpus, Lagerstroemia, thickets of bamboo. Valley of southern Laos and Truong Son mountain slopes are overgrown evergreen rainforest dominated dypterakarpavyya, palm trees, fruit trees, bamboo, tree ferns. Coarsely grow vines
most valuable timbers Laos -. Pink, Black, sandalwood and iron wood, teak. The forests are also found growing wild bananas, breadfruit and other plants, which include Lao food.
places in the common areas of insufficient moisture tall-grass savannas.
preserved rather large herds of wild Asian elephants. The forests are inhabited by apes (gibbons, macaques, etc.). And prosimians, from predators - tiger, leopard, marble panther, Malay and black bear. Here and there palm civet, and jungle cat. Of the hoofed animals are widespread bulls (banteng and gayal), buffalo, deer, wild boars, reptiles - lizards, cobras, pythons and other snakes. Lots of birds, of which the most outstanding representatives - peacocks, pheasants and pigeons, ducks and other history
Main article: History of Laos
Since the end of the XIX century.. Laos was incorporated into French Indochina, with 1930 - in the field of Japanese interest in World War II was occupied by Japan. At the end of the war there was anti-colonial movement Lao Isar (Exemption Laos) led by Prince Souphanouvong (Suvanavongam) and Suva Fumam.
After the Japanese surrender Lao ISAR rebelled against French rule and declared independence under the name Patet-Lao (Lao Country) . France defeated the army Patet Lao and until 1953 maintained their power over Laos. October 22, 1953 Laos obtains independence, in 1954, declared a neutral kingdom.
an important role in the liberation of Laos played created March 11, 1951 The only resistance to the front of the Lao people, Vietnam and Cambodia. At the invitation of the leaders of the Lao liberation movement arrived in Laos, Vietnamese volunteers. The joint efforts made by the countries of Indochina French recognition of their independence.
In the late 1950s in Laos begins civil war caused by the attempts of right-wing forces to seize power. October 7, 1960 the coalition government Suva Phouma establishes diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union and received from the Soviet Union, Vietnam and other socialist countries, military and economic aid.
the next two years Patet Lao Army with the participation of Vietnamese soldiers took 2 / 3 territory. In 1964 the United States are beginning to undeclared military actions in Laos (so-called "secret war") to break only the front of the three countries of Indochina, to destroy bases of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, established in the territory of Laos for operations in South Vietnam. American aid delivered through the US Agency for International Development from the territory of Thailand, American officers immediately led the Lao Royal Army, US Air Force conducted bombing of Laos.
February 21, 1973 subjects of the civil war signed the agreement on restoring peace and achieving national reconciliation in Laos. November 29, 1975 King of Laos abdicated. 2 December 1975 announced Laos Republic
State structure and politics
Main article: Political system and policy
Laos Laos - the republic.. The Constitution, adopted in August 1991, records the existence of a one-party such as the State in which the ruling party is the "leading core of the system." According to the charter party, she "defines and corrects the main directions of the strategy and tactics of national development in all spheres of life and controls the activities of its leading cadres and members, government agencies and public organizations»
Head of State -. The president, elected members of the National Assembly for five years. To be elected, a candidate must obtain at least two thirds
supreme representative and legislative body -. The National Assembly (109 members), elected for 5 years by universal suffrage of citizens over 18 years
executive power belongs to the government, appointed. the president and confirmed by the National Assembly.

national symbol national symbol of Laos is the Plumeria alba.

population of more than 60 ethnic groups live in Laos. Most of the population belongs to the Thai language group: Laa (over 60%), tai, tai mountain, and others. By the Austro-Asiatic language group (about 25%) belong to the Khmers and mountain Mon-Khmer peoples. Living as Chinese, Vietnamese, Indians and others. Believers are mostly Buddhists (85%), and supporters of the various tribal beliefs.
Belarusian-Lao relations
Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Belarus and the Lao People's Democratic Republic established February 7, 1994
April 15, 2011 Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Belarus to the Socialist Republic of Vietnam Sadokho appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Belarus in the Lao People's Democratic Republic in combination. May 10, 2011 Sadokho presented his credentials to the President of the Lao People's Democratic Republic Choummaly Sayasone. In June 2012 Laos for an official visit to Belarus Foreign Minister SM Martynov.
See. also
atap
the Wikimedia Commons has media related to Laos

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Peninsula Country Indochina
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