communism

Communism (from Latin commūnis - common), socio-economic system, which is based on public ownership of the major means of production
From the perspective of theorists of communism, this teaching is capable of overcoming the mutual isolation of the work and to make possible the free samazdyaysnenne human material and spiritual. production. The ultimate goal of communism is to create conditions for the full development of each individual and the whole society. The concept of communism the most developed in Marxism.

Contents 1 Historical Development of communism, communism kinds
1.1 Primitive communism
1.2 Utopian Communism
1.3 War Communism
1.4 Totalitarian Communism
1.5 Full communism
1.6 Evrakamunizm
2 See. also

3 Notes 4 References 5 External links

historical development of communism and communist forms of primitive communism

According to Engels, the most ancient human communities that existed before the emergence of classes, can be called " primitive communism ". Engels, however, believes that the modern development of communism can only come after the story will go through all the other social formations, including slavery, feudalism, capitalism and socialism.
Utopian Communism
classic image of this type communism is the work of Thomas More's "Utopia" (1516), which depicted an idyllic picture of primitive communism, which is opposed to feudalism. By 1700, drawn up new, more advanced version of utopian communism, presented concepts of Saint-Simon, Fourier and Owen.
War Communism
name of economic policy in 1918-1920, during the Civil War, the territory controlled Bolsheviks. It consisted of a series of emergency measures: nationalization of the industrial production of rigid centralization of economic management, the prohibition of private trade in food and the most scarce commodities (especially bread), card distribution systems, partial cancellation money harchrazverstki etc. Introduction of War Communism policy partly due to the difficulties that are experienced Bolshevik regime in the Civil War and during the alien intervention, but had a great influence and ideological beliefs Bolshevik leadership. During Litbela existence (winter-summer 1919) the policy of war communism was accompanied by especially cruel forms of agriculture. The authorities refused to distribute the landed estates among the peasants in the hope that by their communes and cooperatives gradually vytsisknuts private farm. All this has caused widespread discontent among the peasants and the urban population [1]
Totalitarian Communism
Enough conditional names of actual practices of communism. (More precisely - socialism), which were implemented in the XX century. This kind of communism is characterized by political dictates of one party and the loss of the possibility of the working class control over the authorities. Modern Marxist theory argues that totalitarian communism is possible only in developing countries, where the proletariat is forced to enter into an alliance with the peasantry, and where the bourgeoisie is still relatively weak effect
Full Communism
From the point of view of Marxism -. The last stage in the development of human society in which the basic slogan of the communist movement, "from each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs." Essential for the full communism for Marx is quite long existence of the world socialist state, which would lead to the disappearance of classes and the withering away of the government authorities.
Evrakamunizm
Conditional name of communist parties of Western Europe politicians who criticized the lack of political freedoms and samaizalyavanasts Party but the authorities in those countries that have adopted the Soviet model of socialism. Russian followers evrakamunizmu (or non-authoritarian communism) often called Trotskyists, despite the authoritarianism of Trotsky or the absence of non-authoritarian ideology of the Communists, even the Trotskyist tendency to Marxism.
See. also
Anarcho-communism anticommunism

Neakamunizm
Nanagramadstva
Communist Party
«Communist Manifesto»
Moral Code of the Builder of Communism Primitive communism

Full Communism
National Socialism communism

Stalinism Trotskyism

Utapizm
Left communism
term "communist crimes" legislation
Poland Monument to the victims of communism The Black book of communism

Council of Europe Resolution 1481
postcapitalism
Notes
↑ Kizima SA .., ...
Literature
Kizima SA, Dmitry Lentsevich VN Samohvalov DS . History of Belarus: Lectures. - M Univ. Of MIC, 2003 - 91 ..
Links
Museum of Communism (Eng.)

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Economy
Economies
traditional economy | Market economy | The planned economy | slavery | Feudal economy | Mixed economy
Economic theory
Austrian School | institutionalism | Classical School | Neoclassical economic theory | New institutional theory | Keynsiyanstva | Marzhynalizm | Marxist political economy | commercialism | monetarism | The Salamanca School | Chicago School | Physiocrats
Industry concepts
Military Economy | Information Economy | Knowledge Economy | Labor Economics | Experimental economics
concepts and models
Partysipatyvnaya economy | Primary sector of the economy | Secondary sector | Tertiary sector of the economy | Green Economy | World Economy | self-sufficiency | Open economy | Virtual Economy | Informal Economy

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Marxism
Sociology
dictatorship of the proletariat • alienation theory • Operation • Class struggle • • Bourgeoisie Proletariat Revolution • • • Scientific Socialism Communism
Economy
law of surplus value • Political economy • Productive forces • Industrial relations • Labor force • Initial capital formation history
Primitive communism • materialist theory of the state of origin • Asiatic mode of production, the slave system • • • Feudalism Capitalism • Socialism Communism

philosophy of dialectical materialism, historical materialism •
Directions
Avstramarksizm • Western Marxism Leninism • • • Bolshevism Lyuksemburgiyanstva • council communism Arheamarksizm • • • Marxism-Leninism, Stalinism, Maoism • Trotskyism • • • Tsitaizm Juche Evrakamunizm • • • Neamarksizm Aperaizm • Analytical Marxism Structural Marxism • • • Situatsyyanizm post-Marxism
school
Budapest Frankfurt school • school • praxis school

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Policy and State
Scientific disciplines and theories
P litalogiya • Comparative Politics • Theory of State and Law • Public Choice Theory
General principles and concepts
Civil Society • State of Law • Human Rights • power sharing • Revolution • Types • State Sovereignty
state of political power and influence
Great power • • The Colony puppet state • Satellite • superpower
Species policy
Geopolitics • Domestic policy • Foreign policy
form of government
Confederation • Unitary State Federation
• Socio-political and stytuty and
branch
banking system • Supreme authority • The Legislature • Electoral system • Executive power • Media • The judiciary
state apparatus and authorities
Head of State • Parliament • Political Government
Anarchy mode
• Authoritarianism Democracy • • • Despotism Totalitarianism
form of government and political system

military dictatorship dictatorship • • Monarchy • plutocracy • Parliamentary democracy • theocracy Republic • • • Tymakratyya autocracy •
Political philosophy, ideology and daktry
on Anarchism Communism • • • Colonialism Conservatism • Cosmopolitanism • Liberalism • Libertaryyanstva • Marxism • Militarism monarchism • • • Nationalism Nazism neo • • • Socialism • Pacifism Fascism

election system Majority • Proportional • Mixed
political experts and political thinkers
Plato, Aristotle • • • Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Rousseau • • • Benito Mussolini Hobbes, Locke • • • Karl Marx, Bakunin • Max Weber • Maurice Dyuverzhe • Julius Evola • Cicero
Textbooks and famous works politics
«Power» • « Policy »•« The City of God »•« Emperor »•« Leviathan »•« The Open Society and Its Enemies »
See. also
Concepts policy
regulatory oversight
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