Belarusian Central Council

Belarusian Central Council (BCR) - an auxiliary advisory body, the central authority of the Belarusian administration under the Nazi occupation in the General District "Belarus" in July 1944 - the main representative of the Belarusian people. After the war, he acted in exile.

Contents 1 German occupation
2 Emigration 3
Presidents BCR

4 Notes 5 Literature
German occupation
Belarusian Central Council was established in December 1943 with the confidence of the Belarusian Council under the General Commissariat of Belarus.
entered in BCR 14 R. Ostrovsky (President), M. Shkyalonak (1st Vice President), J. Sobolewski (2nd Vice President) , F. Kushal (military affairs), S. Kandybovich (Finance), A. Kalubovich (business culture), P. Svirid (legal and religious affairs), S. Kolyada (forestry), S. Staskevich (Prof. the cause of Zion), A. Socrates (school affairs), P. Orsa (agriculture), N. Abramova, N. Ganko et al., who led 13 of the respective sections.
formally handed over to the Nazis BCR management of school business, culture, social care, Belarus boundary protection (BKA). However, the local relevant departments to continue to remain under the control of the German county commissioners. In the districts or departments organized governorship BCR (have not been established in Borisov, Lida and Gantsevichi districts).
The submission BCR Belarusian People's self-care were transferred to the Belarusian Scientific Society, the Belarusian Union of Youth. Members of BCR have tried to create the Belarusian population of military units.
Activity BCR was actually stopped at the Second All-Belarusian Congress (27 June 1944). But not legally work BCR has been discontinued. 4th paragraph Congress resolutions: "The only legal representative of the Belarusian people and the region is now the Belarusian Central Rada and President Radoslaw Ostrovsky chapter." [1]
Emigration
In connection with the Soviet offensive the majority of members BCR moved to Germany, where he continued to work. June 28, 1944, the president R. Ostrovsky received from the German leadership of Minsk ordered to evacuate to Konigsberg. After a short stay in East Prussia BCR employees, on the orders of the German leadership, they were transferred to Berlin. Euthymios seethed later recalled:
the summer of 1944 the Belarusian life was quite active in Berlin: gradually zyazhzhalisya Berlin refugees, the organization worked with the Belarusian Ministry of Propaganda and the Ministry of Eastern Affairs, was a department of the Belarusian Arbaytfrontse, acts Belarusian Committee of the newspaper "Morning" and "Belarusian employee" gradually shaped by BCR [2]
July 20, 1944 the Ministry of the occupied eastern territories issued a statement in which were listed the "real tasks and powers" BCR.
fight against Bolshevism path m:
participate in the preparations for the establishment of the Belarusian military units;
participate in the creation of guerrilla groups behind the front line;
active outreach to workers
Belarusian Association of Belarusians in Belarus Liberation Union <.. br> The cultural, social and legal custody of all Belarusians in Germany.
Youth work (GMS, military auxiliary service)
Women's work [3].
September 24, 1945 at the session of the Plenum of the XI, which took place village Eshersbeken (about Würzburg), all the members of the organization in Germany (Radoslaw Ostrovsky Franz Kushal, Avgen Kalubovich Simon Kandybovich Peter Orsa, Stanislaw Stankiewicz, Basil Rogulev Anatoly Shkutka (was included in the Council in the autumn of 1944), Nikolai Shchors, Alex Sienkiewicz) decided to suspend the activity of BCR. Two members of the Presidium of the BCR (Ezovitov Constantine, Nicholas Shkyalonak) in the spring of 1945 came into the hands of the USSR, and Stepan Kolyadko voluntarily went to the Soviet Union. The rationale for this decision was due to the fact "that the (...) do not give a Bolshevik able to use to the Western Allies formally tactical cooperation with the Germans in order to completely destroy anti-Bolshevik asset" "[4]. XI Plenum BCR chchasova suspended the activities of the organization, but not dissolved it ( the question was not put to the vote).
in 1947-1948. against BCR members started a campaign to discredit. BCR and its president, accused of collaboration with the Nazis, and the accusations made ex-members of the BCR, themselves, etc. ymali participation in social, political and military life of the occupied Belarus Boris Rogulev - Deputy President of BCR in the Novogrudok district Avgen Kalubovich Anton Adamovich, Stanislaw Stankiewicz, Franz Kushal, Janka Stankevich
December 30, 1947 Radoslaw Ostrovsky turned to Belarus. emigration to Germany, calling to "stop all disputes between Belarusian assets" and hold elections in Belarus' central office - an organization that was supposed to unite the supporters of BCR [5]. In January 1948 to Radoslaw Ostrovsky approached by a group of Belarusian activists (Basil Rogulev Yuri Sobolewski, Nikolai Shilo, etc.) To reactivate the BCR. May 9, 1948 in Ellwangen was convened XII Plenum of the BCR [6], on which the Belarusian Central Rada was declared "the executive and representative body in exile independent Belarusian People's Republic." The Plenum Radoslaw Ostrowski was re-elected president for another 4-year term. First vice-president of BCR became - Vasily Rogulev, the second - Mykola Shchors. Chairman of the Council of Ministers, was elected Yuri Sobolewski, Secretary of BCR -. Ivan Cant [7]
Followers BCR after the war worked in the US, UK and other
October 22, 1960 Radoslaw Ostrovsky at the plenary session in South River has been elected. presidential BCR to the next five-year cadence, but the figure has resigned, saying at the III Congress of the Belarusians of America October 23, 1960, that the older generation has to leave an active social life, "to give way to young" [8].
In 1962 Radoslaw Ostrovsky relinquished his powers of Presidium Dengta, explaining it by age (he was then 75 years old), and handed them over to the head of the Executive Body BCR Orehva Arcadia, which, however, soon became very ill and was unable to proceed with the execution of his duties. By 1974, while Ostrovsky did not return to an active social activities, BCR did not conduct any work. At least, not to convene the plenums, no meetings, no paperwork was conducted
3 -. July 4, 1977 was XVIII-th Plenum of the BCR in the spring suspension (rest house), "Belair-Minsk" (Glen Spey, NY ). It was attended by 43 community leaders from the US, which had authorized the mandate, by 16 delegates from Australia (5) Canada (5) United Kingdom (3), Germany (3) [9]. Participants Plenum reprezentavali Executive Body BCR, delegatures in Australia, the UK, Germany, Canada and the Belarusian kangresavy Committee of America, the departments of the Belarusian Liberation Front (edge staffs) in Germany, the UK, Australia, Cleveland, Winnipeg and Toronto, the Association of the Belarusian-American Veterans (headquarters and office in South River), the Belarusian Orthodox parishes in South River, Richmond-Gil (New York), Toronto, and London (UK), the Belarusian-American social and religious center in the South River and Mr. amadska-religious center in Glen Spey, the organization "American supporters BCR". Its authorized to Plenum sent Jan and Alicja Peter - as representatives of the Belarusian family haratyvnaga fund
After 1995 BCR was not functioning organization, although a formal decision has not been about its dissolution.. Under the will of Michael Zuya after his death (April 1995), the works BCR, responsibilities and powers of the president have been transferred to the convening V.Tsyarpitskamu XX Plenum BCR. But V.Tsyarpitski decided to suspend the activity of BCR, which has no human resources [10]. Vitaly Terpitsky mentioned:
Officially, [1995] no posts in the BCR, I did not hold. Immediately I said I was not going to play with toy soldiers as BNRavtsy. Waste Ostrovsky BCR era ended. Me and Michael Zuyu advised to put an end [11]
Presidents BCR
Radoslaw Ostrovsky. (1943 - 24 September 1945)
Radoslaw Ostrovsky (25 March 1948 - 17 kastrchnika 1976)
Nikandar Myadeyka (July 4 one thousand nine hundred seventy-seven - December 6, 1987)
Mikhail Zui (September 17, 1988 - April 24, 1995)
Terpitsky Vitali (1995 -)
Notes
↑ second All-Belarusian Congress. Materials collected and processed on the basis of Belarus Commission Minutes of the Central Council under the reaction prof. R.Ostrovsky). The publication of the Belarusian Central Council, Munich, 1954. - 96 p. P.67
↑ seethed E. episodes. - New York: Publishing newspaper "Belarus", 1998. - S. 231.
↑ Turonok Yu Belarus under German occupation. - M:. Belarus, 1993. - S. 192.
↑ Gordienko kangresavy Belarusian Committee of America (BKKA). - St. Petersburg, 2009. - 428, [12] s.. yl. - p.18
↑ Ostrovsky G. Belarusians and Belarus. . - Emigration, December 1947. - 2
↑ The plenum was attended by 48 people: Radoslaw Ostrovsky, Janka Bekish Alexander Buglaev Alexander Vabishchevich Xenophon Wojciechowski, Ludwik Golubovic, Alexander Guzovskoy Stepan Dashkevich, Raisa Yevets, Michael Ignatovich, Fedor Ilyashevich Ilya Calco, John Cant, Efim was in full swing, Boris Krystovich, Janka Kudruk Anton Kurylowicz, Vladimir Lazarevic, Nikolai Lapitsky Lapushynski Nick, John Darling, Victor Melyukov Nicholas Minkevich, Czeslaw Naydzyuka Ales Padun, Anatoly Pleskachevsky Yuri Prussian Basil Rogulev, Vsevolod Rodevi h, Sergei Rozmysl Alexander Rusak, Yuri Sobolewski, Tikhon Selivonchyk, Vladimir Senko, Yuri Stukalich Moses Sedniv Paul Svirid, Alex Sienkiewicz, Anatoly Ushal Victor Chebotarevich Andrew Charevka Ivan Shakun Simon Shevtsov, Anatoly Shkutka Mark Shpakovsky, Nikolai Shchors, Fedor Shibut, Emmanuel Yasyuk
↑ In the first vice-president of 3 nominated Basil Rogulev (19 votes), Yuri Sobolewski (14) and Anatoly Shkutka (7). Nikolai Shchors scored 29 votes, Anatoly Shkutka - 17 (here, the vote went for the post of second vice-president)
↑ Protocol III Congress Bel. America, which occurred the day October 23, 1960 in South River in the hall Sakas, 25 Whitehead Ave at 13:00 in the afternoon. Archive Ivan kasyak
↑ Minutes of the 18th Plenum of the BCR, held on 3 and 4 July 1977 in the spring suspension "Belair-Minsk", the United States of America
↑ Gordienko kangresavy Belarusian Committee of America (BKKA). - St. Petersburg, 2009. - 428, [12] s.. yl. - page 239 - 240
↑ Terpitsky, V. I - astrvshchyk / Vitaly Terpitsky // Odinets A. postwar emigration: the crossroads of fate: Memoirs / Alexander Odinets; A.Gardienka editor. - M: vershaskazy, 2007 - 704, 28... yl. - (Fatherland Library, Book 11). - S. 414-421
Literature
Gordienko kangresavy Belarusian Committee of America (BKKA) / Oleg Gordienko.. - St. Petersburg, 2009. - 428, [12] s.. yl. - (BINII; Fatherland Library, Book 16)
Soloviev Belarusian Central Council.. MN, 1995.
Turonok Yu Belarus under German occupation:. Trans. with the floor. - Mn., 1993.


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