Africa (Roman province)

Africa Lat: Africa Proconsularis, Africa Vetus - province of ancient Rome with the center in Utytsy, which occupied the territory of modern Tunisia and the northern Mediterranean coast of modern western Libya along the Gulf Small Sirt1

Contents 1 History Page 2
Economy 3 proconsul Africa
4 See also 5 Notes

Gistoryyapravits | edit source
about the history of North Africa before the Roman conquest, see: Prehistoric North Africa
first policies on the territory of the future province of Africa, such as I stick, Carthage, Taps, Hadrumetum Phoenician settlers were based in XI-IX centuries up to ne TO VI Art to ne a dominant role in this region became adagryvats Carthage, which is under its influence the Mediterranean coast of Africa from Libya to the pillars of Hercules, almost all of Spain, as well as control the tin imported from Britain at the beginning of the V century to ne the interests of the Romans and Carthage Ian crossed in a dispute over possession of Sicily in a series of wars, the Carthaginians were at first forced out from the island, and then to 146 to ne as a result of the Third Punic War, Carthage was finally defeated, and its walls razed the fertile land surrounding the ruins of Carthage, was organized by the Roman province Africa, which is guided by a proconsul with sticks rest of the African possessions of Carthage went to Rome ally numidyyskaga king Masinisa 118 to ne on the border with the province, in Numidyi, civil war broke out in Rome led intervention oh yeah Yugurtsinskay protracted war, which ended in the capture of 105 to ne the instigator of the war, numidyyskaga king Jugurtha
During the civil war between Caesar and Pompey in Africa were defeated one of the last pillars Republicans Siege sticks and death of Cato the Younger was repeatedly sung in Roman literature
18 g ne numidyets Takfarynat serving in support units of the Roman army, fled to the tribe musulamiyav, which scored the army, and organizing it on the Roman model, entered into an alliance with mavretantsami and kinifiyami and began armed tskiya raids on the province Repeatedly Roman generals in the 18 - truck Kamil, 20 - Lucius apron, 22 - Quintus Junius Blaise got the victory over Takfarynatam, but he inevitably went into the desert, where he collected his supporters and then proceeded to hostilities in 24 Publius Cornelius Dalabela could encircle the enemy army about Avzei If the outcome of the battle became clear, Takfarynat rushed to his sword
Some provincial reforms were carried out under Augustus and Caligula, but only under Claudius the division of the Roman Empire was at the tsverzhany definitively Africa became a senatorial province After the administrative reform of Diocletian it was divided into two provinces: the northern part - Lat: Africa Zeugitana preserved Latin name: Africa Proconsularis and controlled proconsul and Latin: Africa Byzacena - South
This region remained under the rule of the Roman Empire until the Great migration in the V century in 429 the vandals crossed into North Africa from Spain and up to 439 established his kingdom, which, in addition to Africa, still included Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia and the Balearic Islands in Queens stve Vandals played the role of elite warriors who clearly separated themselves from the local Roman-African population, bumping last rights by the end of the V century the Kingdom of the Vandals went into decline, and most of its territory occupied Moors and other tribes of the desert
In 533, the Byzantine Emperor Justinian the Great, using dynastic disputes vandals as the base, sending an army under enormous in Africa as a result of the short campaign, Belisarius defeated the vandals, triumphantly entered Carthage and restored imperial power in the province of the Byzantine administration successfully resisted the attacks of the desert tribes, and by building an extensive network of fortifications, maintains its power in the province of North African province with Byzantine possessions in Spain were transformed by the Emperor Mauritius in the African exarchate
Archdiocese was at the height of power and when to authorities in Constantinople came to the usurper Phocas, Exarch of Africa, Heraclius the Elder did not obey the new emperor and sent troops led by his son Irakli would duchym emperor to fight the tyrant 610 year is the stability and strength seen in the fact that Irakli was thinking about transferring from Constantinople the capital in Carthage Faced with a wave of Muslim conquest in the year 640 and suffered a series of military setbacks, Exarch started on the defensive, trying to stop the invasion, but in 698, the Muslim army from Egypt and captured Carthage subjugated the whole exarchate, finally expelling the Romans and Christianity from northern Africa
Ekanomikapravits | edit source
main source of income for African agriculture policies were called "the breadbasket of the empire," North Africa gave about 1 million tons of grain per year, a quarter of which was exported Besides cereals grown as beans, figs, grapes and other fruits in the second century olive oil like bread, was profitable export commodity in addition to the slave trade and catching and transportation of exotic wildlife on exports were textiles, marble, wine, timber, livestock, wool and pottery
proconsul Afrykipravits | edit source
42-36 years to ne Marcus Aemilius Lepidus
22-21 years to ne Lucius Cornelius Balbus the Younger
Suel Flac
Julius Matern
years 17-18 CE Mark wagon Kamil
18-20 Lucius apron
21-22 Quintus Junius Blaise
23- Publius Cornelius Dalabela
between 32 and 38 Marcus Junius Silan
about 42 - about 44 two years Servius Sulpicius Galba
Unknown to the year 61 Titus Flavius Vespasian
61- Aulus Vitely
70 Lucius Calpurnius Piso
238 Guardian
See taksamapravits | edit source
Exarchate of Africa - the province under Byzantine control
Ifrykiya - the territory under Arab control of the province
Notes
↑ Roman province of Africa // Encyclopedic Dictionary Brockhaus and Efron: In 86 volumes of 82 tonnes and 4 additional - St. Petersburg, 1890-1907
Provincial Roman republic
Asia · Africa · · Intimate Achaia Spain · · Further Bithynia Spain · Egypt · · Illyricum Cilicia and Cyprus · · Corsica and Sardinia Crete and Cyrenaica Macedonia · · · Moesia Narbonne gallium · Syria · Sicily · Tsyzalpiyskaya gallium

Province Roman Empire in the year 120
Aquitaine Asia · · · · Africa Assyria Achaea · Balearic · · Gallia Belgica Baetica · Britain · Upper Germany · · Bithynia Gal · Dacia · Dalmatia · Egypt · Italy · Judah · rocky Cappadocia Arabia · · Cyprus · CAMAG · Corsica and Sardinia · Kock Alps · Crete and Cyrenaica · Lycaonia · numbers · Gallia Lugdunensis · Lusitanian · Mavretaniya · Macedonia · Lesser Armenia · Moesia · Narbonne Gaul · Lower Germany · Noricum · Numidyya · Asra · Pamfilov · Pannonia · Pennine Alps · Alpes-Maritimes · Pisi Diya · · Pont Retsiey · Syria · Sicily · Mesopotamia · Sophene Safena Tarakonskaya · Spain · ·
Thrace Epirus


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