Jordan

Coordinates: 31 ° 0100 's. w. 36 ° 37'00 "a. d. / 31.016667 ° c. w. 36.616667 ° c. . D (G) (O) (I) 31.016667, 36.616667
motto: «الله, الوطن, الملك (God, Fatherland, King)»
Hymn: «السلام الملكي الأردني (As-salam al milk al-Urdun) »
independence
Date May 25, 1946 (from the UK)

Official language Arabic Capital

Oman
largest city
Oman, Irbid, Zarqa

Form of Government Constitutional monarchy King

Prime Minister Abdullah II of

Abdullah al-Nusur
State.
religion Islam (Sunni)
Area

• Total •% of water surface
110th in the world
92,300 km²
0.01
Population
• Evaluation (2012) • density

6,259,932 [1] people.
68 people. / km²
GDP
• Together (2010)
• per capita
$ 34,530 Mill. [2] (103rd)
$ 5400
HDI (2011)
▲ 0,698 [3] (Intermediate) (95 th)

Currency Jordanian Dinar
Internet domain
.jo
phone code
+962
All times are
+3 [4]
Jordan (Arabic أردن -. Urdun), the Kingdom of Jordan Hashymidskae (Arabic: المملكة الأردنية الهاشمي. - al-Mamlyaka al-Urdun al-Hashim), the Arab States in Asia and borders with Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Israel and Palestine. It has access to the Red Sea (Gulf of Aqaba). The country is divided into 12 governorships.
History

Contents 1 History 2 Political system

3 Foreign policy

4 Geography 5 Economy 6 Demographics

7 Religion 8 Culture


9 References 10 Notes 11 References

After the First World war in Jordan (called Transiardaniyay) was included in the British Mandate of Palestine. However, in 1921 the United Kingdom considered it appropriate here to create an Arab administration, headed by the Emir Abdullah, who would coordinate with the Commissioner to London.
25 May 1946 the country was declared independent and renamed Kingdom of Jordan Hashymidskae.
time Arab-Israeli war (1948-1949) Jordan occupied the territory of the West Bank (5.9 thousand sq. km). In June 1967 the West Bank was occupied by Israel. July 31, 1988, King Hussein announced the termination of the administrative and legal ties between Jordan and the West Bank
State system
Jordan -. A constitutional monarchy. Legislative power in accordance with the Constitution (adopted on January 1, 1952) belongs to the King and the National Assembly (Parliament).
On August 11, 1952 on February 7, 1999 in power was King Hussein bin Talal. After his death, February 7, 1999 the throne passed to his eldest son from his second marriage - Abdullah II Bin Al-Hussein
National Assembly under the constitution consists of two chambers.. Bottom - The Chamber of Deputies - elected for 4 years by universal, direct and secret vote. Last time elections were held in June 2003, the number of seats (from 80 to 110), lowered the voting age voters adopted in June 2001 a new edition of the Election Law, according to which, in particular, has been increased on the basis of (from 19 to 18 years). With a view to further democratization was introduced "women's quota" - 6 seats in parliament. In December 2003, President of the Chamber elected A. smearing. The upper house - the Senate (the term of office of 4 years, but in the case of the dissolution of the Chamber of Deputies of the Senate session, also suspended) consists of 55 members appointed by the king personally. President of the Senate (June 1997) -. S. reefs
internal political situation in Jordan in recent years has remained stable. Since 1988, it takes place in the kingdom program of gradual "democratization" of society. In 1992-1993. It was abolished emergency laws, legalized political parties. The largest opposition party, the Islamic Action Front is represented in the lower house of parliament, an independent fraction (17 deputies).
Since late 2003, Abdullah II initiated the implementation of the ambitious project of a national dialogue on the country's democratic development, including topics such as the extension of civil rights and freedoms, including enhancing the role of women in social and political life, media liberalization, the fight against corruption. Traditionally, the king pays special attention to the strengthening of the security forces. Now Jordan's armed forces are about 90 thousand people.

foreign policy priorities of the foreign policy of Jordan is a Middle East settlement. Since 1991 she is actively involved in the peace process. October 26, 1994 the kingdom signed a peace treaty with Israel. The main vector iardantsav efforts in Palestinian-Israeli affairs is aimed at stopping the violence, stabilize the situation and the early implementation of
«road map." In the settlement of the Iraq Amman based on the need to move forward in accordance with resolution 1546 of the UN Security Council, and achieving national reconciliation in this country. In the Kingdom have expressed serious concerns about the possible marginalization of the Sunnis in Iraq, as well as the probability of the disintegration of the Iraqi state.
Considerable attention is paid to the further strengthening of political and economic cooperation with the Arab countries, especially Egypt, Syria, the Gulf states.
The US and UK are considered Jordan as weighty foreign partners. In 2000, Jordan became the fourth country in the world that have signed free trade agreement with the United States.
In recent years, Jordan has participated in NATO's dialogue with a number of southern Mediterranean countries. Adjusted its cooperation with Turkey in the field of security, military ties.
in 1997 between Jordan and the European Union signed an Association Agreement (ratified in 1999). In December 1999, Jordan joined the WTO
Jordan -. United Nations (1955), LAD (1945), the OIC Geography
Economy
From natural resources, Jordan has only significant phosphate deposits at. which reserves (1.5 billion tonnes) is the fourth largest in the world. The main sectors of the economy -. Mining, banking and finance, agriculture, tourism, services
Since 1999 in the Kingdom under the auspices of the IMF is implementing a program of economic recovery. It consisted of restructuring and privatization of the public sector, whose weight in the national economy amounted to 80%, the radical modernization of economic legislation
Major trading partners of the Kingdom -. United States, China, Saudi Arabia, Germany, Iraq, India and Israel
. before the US and its allies, military operations in Iraq in March 2003, the country has been the largest trade partner of Jordan in the region, is almost entirely provided the kingdom of energy at a cheap price. After the overthrow of Saddam Hussein's cooperation with Baghdad volumes dropped significantly
Currency -. Jordanian dinar is approximately equal to 1.4 US dollar

Demographics Population -. 5.76 million people (2005). Annual growth - 2.8%. More than 50% of the population - the Palestinian Arabs, including 1.57 million -. Officially registered Palestinian refugees. The rest - iardantsy Arabs, Circassians (about 35 thousand.), Chechens (4 ths.), Armenians (3 ths.) And others
Biggest cities: Oman (more than 1.5 million.) Irbid (. 950 thousand), Zarqa (601 thousand)
Religion
state religion -... Sunni Islam. 93% of the population - the Muslims, 7% - Christians
Culture
National holidays: May 25 - Independence Day (1946). July 10 - Day of the Arab revolution (1916), 9 June - The day of the coronation of King Abdullah II (1999). There have been major religious Muslim holidays
Literature
Belarusian Encyclopedia: 18 tons T.7: Screensaver - Cantata / the Editorial Board:.. GP Pashkov, etc... - M: BelEn, 1999. - 608:. Yl.. ISBN 985-11-0279-2
Notes
↑ Department of Statistics
↑ CIA (2010)
↑ Human Development Report 2011. United Nations Development Programme (2011). Retrieved January 19, 2013. Retrieved August 21 2012.
↑ DST News - Jordan cancels switch to wintertime
Links
the Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jordan

Union for the Mediterranean EU Member States: Austria · Bulgaria · Belgium · Hungary · France · Germany · Greece · Denmark · Ireland · Italy · Cyprus · Latvia · Lithuania · Luxembourg · Malta · Netherlands · Portugal · Poland · Romania · Slovakia · Slovenia · Finland · France · Czech Republic · Sweden · Estonia
Other countries: Albania · Algeria · Bosnia and Herzegovina · Egypt · Ardan · Israel · Lebanon · Monaco · Morocco · Mauritania · Palestinian Authority · Syria · Tunisia · Turkey · Croatia · Montenegro
Observer: Libya

Asian countries
United Arab Emirates | Azerbayzhan² | Oman | Armenia | Afghanistan | Bangladesh | Bahrain | Brunei | Bhutan | Vietnam | Gruziya² | Egipet¹ | Yemen | Jordan | Israel | Indonesia | India | Iraq | Iran | Kazahstan² | Cambodia | Qatar | Cyprus | China | Kuwait | Kyrgyzstan | Laos | Lebanon | Malaysia | Maldives | Mongolia | Myanmar | Nepal | Pakistan | South Korea | North Korea | Rasiya² | Saudi Arabia | Singapore | Syria | Tajikistan | Thailand | Turkmenistan | Turtsyya² | Uzbekistan | East Timor | Philippines | Sri Lanka | Japan
State and Territory with the controversial status of Abkhazia | Azad Kashmir | Waziristan | State B | Shan State | West Bank | Iraqi Kurdistan | Nagorno-Karabakh Republic | Palestinian Authority | South Ossetia | Northern Cyprus | Taiwan
Dependent Territories: British Indian Ocean Territory | Hong Kong | Macau
¹ mainly in Africa ² partly in Europe

Arab League
UAE Algeria • • Oman • Bahrain • Djibouti • Egypt • Jordan • Yemen • Iraq • Cellars • Qatar • Kuwait • Lebanon • Libya • Morocco • Mauritania • Palestine • • Somalia, Saudi Arabia, Sudan • Syria • Tunisia •

Organization of Islamic cooperation
UAE | Azerbaijan | Albania | Algeria | Oman | Afghanistan | Bangladesh | Bahrain | Benin | Brunei | Burkina Faso | Gabon | Gambia | Guyana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Djibouti | Egypt | Yemen | Jordan | Indonesia | Iraq | Iran | Kazakhstan | Cameroon | pantry | Qatar | Côte d'Ivoire | Kuwait | Kyrgyzstan | Lebanon | Libya | Mozambique | Malaysia | Mali | Maldives | Morocco | Mauritania | Niger | Nigeria | Pakistan | Palestine | Somalia | Saudi Arabia | Senegal | Syria | Sudan | Suriname | Sierra Leone | Tajikistan | Togo | Tunisia | Turkmenistan | Turkey | Uganda | Uzbekistan | Chad
Observer States: Bosnia and Herzegovina | Central African Republic | Russia | Thailand
Muslim organizations and communities - Observers: Moro National Liberation Front | Northern Cyprus
International organizations - observers: Organization for Economic Cooperation | United Nations | African Union | Arab League | NAM


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