Baha Akşit, originally named Bahaeddin Akşit (born March 6, 1914, Yatağan, Denizli - September 27, 1995, Istanbul) is a Turkish politician, doctor, former deputy and senator. He is one of 15 people sentenced to death in Yassıada Trials after the May 27 coup. His sentence was later converted into life imprisonment.
3 Education life
3.1 Elementary school education 3.2 Secondary school education 3.2.1 Meeting with Atatürk
Baha Akşit was born in Yatağan, a town that was affiliated to Acıpayam at that time and Serinhisar today. Baha Akşit's family is called as Mufti in Yatağan. Akşit's great-grandparents settled here, established a madrasah and raised many scholars.
Baha Akşit's father, Arif Efendi, is a madrasa teacher. Arif Efendi, whose address is very effective, has a very strong memory. He became famous in his region with the words "" Do people ever forget what you read? " In 1913, the province of İzmir (Aydın Province) was elected to the parliamentary shortage . At the end of World War I, he joined the National Struggle movement in his region and became one of the leading defenders of the National Struggle. He worked as a mufti in Acıpayam from 1924 until his death . Arif Akşit, the last teacher of the Yatağan Madrasa, died in Kula in 1944 while his doctor, Baha Akşit, was with him.
Baha Akşit's mother is Dudu Hanım. Baha Akşit introduced his mother as follows:
"My mother Dudu Hanım is also a relative of my father's grandfather and is my father's second wife. I was born in Yatağan on 6 March 1914 in the 7th year of this marriage: My mother's family in Yatağan. It is called "Huseyin Husseins (Gossenler)." This name originates from my grandfather's husband Huseyin Huseyin. My mother (who was ten years younger than me, was still alive, Mehmed died when her younger boy was a child). He was a curious person. Men were kept and vegetables were grown according to the season. He would pay special attention to this. "
Baha Akşit lost his mother the following year (in 1928) when he finished primary school. Upon his mother's death, his father Arif Akşit remarried. He had no children from this marriage.
The death of his mother left an important mark in Baha Akşit's life. This death was also effective in Baha Akşit's choice of his future profession, who lost his mother at a young age. Baha Akşit explained this effect as follows:
“My mother's death, which will be a factor for me to choose my future profession, has affected me at a young age. Unfortunately, my mother got sick that summer when the new writing lessons were over. The doctor named Faik Bey, who was in our district at that time, would have made a misdiagnosis that he always wanted to continue with fasting. Her illness was getting worse day by day. Finally my father had to bring doctor Fevzi Bey from Izmir because he was not an internal medicine specialist in Denizli. The doctor came to Denizli by train. From there, he came to Acıpayam by providing a very rare car. A few hours left. He examined my mother and said tuberculosis. Unfortunately you were too late, you had to take very good care of it. It was necessary to feed very well and feed very well. However, as you say that I will eat, you have forced you to die, I do not think that it is within the opportunity to be compensated anymore, but he said that hope cannot be cut from Allah and he left. This incident affected me so much that it is the reason why I am a doctor in the future. If there had been an internal medicine specialist in Denizli, these may not have happened, and my mother would have survived. "
Baha Akşit, during his parliamentary period, showed sensitivity in this matter, established various means and foundations and opened the Faculty of Medicine in Denizli.
Bahaeddin Akşit, whose name was given to Bahaeddin Nakşibendi, Baha Akşit was brought up with more special care by both parents and grandparents as a long-awaited and long-awaited son of the family. Ali Vehbi explains the birth of this expected child as follows:
"One of the sons of Yatağan, one of the senior engineers, Arif Efendi, was born. This person, who longed for children for many years, had a feast for friends when he had the first child. At the same time, Garbikaraağaç mufti Hasan Hilmi, who is one of the students and friends of his father, has invited his fellow Yatağan and his other scholars to organize a feast in their classrooms in order to join their joy and joy. While the tables were set up, the mafels lined up and about to start the meal, Arif Efendi gave the Bahaeddin answer to the question of Müttü Hasan Hilmi about the child's name. This first child, who has been longing for fifteen years and has been a desire of God despite despair, will represent Bahaeddin Nakşibendi, who founded the cult we belonged to, he said. Upon this, his father Hacı Mehmed Efendi started the speech and explained the goals and history of Bahaeddin, who established the Nakhi sect, and his difference with other sects. ”
Baha Akşit, who had a strong memory like his father, was he learned all of. After he started his education by reading the Quran, he learned the recitation and indignation. Later, he attended to his father's madrasa. At that time, he was very young and the other students who came to the madrasa were very big because of mobilization, at the age of 17-18. B. Akşit conveys the memories of these lessons as follows:
"I was the child of them. I would even go to the street to play with the children after the lesson. In the meantime, I would like to mention that. Arabic was not an easy lesson. When they said, how did the teacher tell us how they told us, they would find me playing with the children and ask how he told me. I would repeat those things as if they were written on a tape. "
Primary school education
Baha Aksit was enrolled in the village primary school at the request of his father. This primary school was then a wooden building next to the Orta Mosque. Akşit states the following about his teacher and school period:
"There was only one teacher in Yatağan, Osman Tokcan. This deputy Hasan Tokcan was the son of the teacher. When he took me to class, he first gave me a recitation (reading) book. As I remember now, "Grape, the grape that we eat in summer, the dryness of winter, is very delicious." Prof. Dr., T. Baykara's father, Asım Baykara, always reminded Baha Akşit, they would laugh. It was in grade 5. Since I had not read a still article until then, it was difficult to read the article, but I still read it. Then he gave me a Quran. Of course, when I read the Quran well, he put me at the beginning of the 2nd class. Primary schools were 6 classes, first class pedophile class followed by 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. grade. "
Baha Akşit, who tells about the day he started school, describes his days here as follows:
" Hoc When a passed me directly to 2nd grade, I didn't know the addition, subtraction, multiplication and division calculations. But since I was a 2nd year student, the teacher asked about the addition and subtraction problems. When he asked, I would do it all from my mind without separating them, and I would say the result. I soon learned these operations. After a while, a teacher, known as Yeşilyuvalı Halit Hoca, was appointed to the school. After Halit Hoca came, he asked us an account for the whole class. There was a tradition back then. According to the skills and calculations of the school students, the first person who achieved superior success would be well done first, and if he achieved better success, he would have been allocated, and if he got better, he would have been granted privileges. Achievements in this way were written on a piece of paper, hanging on both the student and the class. Thus, the demand that received success would be both encouraged and the class would be evaluated as to how much privilege and allocation they had at the end of the year. I got my first excitement because I solved this math problem that Halit Hodja asked earlier and wrongly than anyone else. In my subsequent years, I was the one who received the most well done, allocated and only privileged in my class. There was also a tradition back then. It was considered the smartest of its class to the demand per class. I did not know such a tradition. My friend named Şevket (Şenel), who was taken down after me personally, complained to the teacher that "he just came yesterday, he sat at the head of the class". The teacher who seated me a week later instructed you to sit in the second row, and Sevket will sit in the first row. The exams for passing the classes in those years were as follows: At the end of that year, the exam days are announced to all classes. All the teachers in the surrounding town came to those exams and the notables of the town, their writings and teachers were also present at that meeting. The test was carried out in a chair in the presence of those believers, after that the board was passed, math calculations were solved on the board. The average of all would be that child's passing or staying grade. The teachers of the villages and towns, not only of their own teachers, but also those from the neighborhood, teachers asked questions such as history, geography, grammar and mathematics. I successfully gave this first test of primary school. I was 1st in the class. "
With a law on the acceptance of the new article, the elementary schools in the villages were removed after the 3rd grade. As a result of this decision, Yatağan elementary school started to give education until the 3rd grade for a while. Akşit continued his education at the primary school in the district center, like some of his friends, and at that time his father, Müftü Arif Hoca, was a mufti of Acıpayam and lived in Yatağan. After completing primary school in Acıpayam Şark School, Baha Akşit had to go to Denizli because he did not have a secondary school in Acıpayam at that time, but it was not possible to go to that year because the secondary school was not boarding. they had to hire a woman. he will graduate from one year after Hosni cousin had to wait Akşit. Reviews cousin Hosni Akşit while waiting for that year, in 1925, he began the literacy campaign throughout Turkey. The district governor, the judge, the teacher, the civil servant and the general public attended the new writing lessons, which were initiated by the Directorate of National Education. Lessons were given to these people in the Acıpayam Government Office. Baha Akşit, who attended these lessons in the year he expected; As he graduated from the Acıpayam Orient School and the Education Director Hulusi Bey had a young student, he was put on the board and the new article was written to him. Since he started French lessons from the son of the criminal judge, who had previously been a tenant in their home, the Latin alphabet is no stranger to him; At the end of the learning of the new article, 14-year-old Baha Akşit, as a new post teacher, to 4 villages; Yazır was appointed to the villages of Lower Dodurga, Upper Dodurga and Gümüş. He started to work in these villages from the age of 7 to 70 to teach all the people and teach the new article. Baha Akşit, who worked as a new post teacher until spring, explains this period as follows:
"I sat in Dodurga village, which is in the middle of these villages where I was appointed as a new post teacher. Then there was an abandoned primary school building in Dodurga village. From morning till 14:00 I was trying to teach all the things I learned at school (history, geography, mathematics, etc.) in a row from the age of 7 to 12-14 years old. I would teach people with women up to the age of 70. At night, I would teach lessons to older men and older than 15. This would have been the case when I was teaching.I would like to post some interesting cases from that period, naturally I was just 14 years old as a teacher. All the afternoon there are so many women in those villages, 7 out of 15 They are all there until 0. To be able to go to the top of the board for a long time, I would not have found a place to pass. They were putting me in the queue with their hands. They behaved like this because of the fact that my child was young and my height was short. As this touched my dignity, I got a stick in my hand for the second time. I opened my way with a stick to prevent me from repeating the same thing. ”
Secondary school education
At the end of her new post teaching, her uncle, Hüsnü Akşit, finished primary school and was able to start secondary school. The mother of Mustafa Keskin, a student who went to Denizli to study again, undertook the maintenance of Baha and Hüsnü Akşit in Denizli. Baha years that Akşit start secondary school, and Turkey were the years when the world is in crisis. In the absence of Turkey in 1929, it is knee-deep distress; electricity, water, gas, bread were among the items considered luxurious. Baha Akşit got his share from this crisis. Secondary school life was full of troubles.
Encounter with Ataturk
Ataturk, who visited Denizli on one of his domestic trips, also visited Denizli Secondary School (now Denizli High School). The school administration and all the classes that are aware of this are waiting for Atatürk to come. Meanwhile, Akşit, who was in grammar lesson, was busy studying the continent written by his teacher Ata Lütfi. Baha Akşit explains the following events as follows:
"Ataturk had honored Denizli by visiting Denizli in 1931. We were told that he would come to our school as well. We had a grammar lesson in the afternoon. The teacher of the grammar lesson was also a teacher named Ata Lütfi. Ata Lütfi has printed a continent. The continent is as follows:
If you see, you will struggle with the right and the force,
You will be the strength of the right's arm. > Aziz Hudai
Before we came to Atatürk, I had made grammar analysis several times since I was both a class representative and a leading student. Acipaya Hancı, who is also from me, had Rıza, son of Küçük Ömer Ağa. At the time, Mürüvvet, daughter of Nihat Bey, our classmate from Acıpayam, was on the board Ata Lütfi Hodja was trying to solve it. When Ata Lütfi Hoca came to Ataturk, Mürüvvet was on the board and wanted him to be his interlocutor. After a while Atatürk came. Atatürk is approximately 1.68 tall, with a bowler hat in his left hand, a bright yellow, sharp or sharp pair of eyes, he went inside and then the tall men (such as Vasıf Çınar, Fahrettin Altay) filled the class. According to our age, when giant men settled in the classroom, we shuddered in all of us, a fear was born. Some of my classmates did not even dare to raise their heads as they told me later. After Atatürk came, he took the lead, put his right hand on the bench, stood in front of the black board. Continent written on it black board. Whatever the girl asked our friend, our girlfriend looked at the face of an Atatürk, the face of a teacher, she was not able to say a word. "I called Baha, the most hard-working student of my class," says Ata Lütfi Hodja in his Cumhuriyet newspaper, "My memories of Ataturk". Remaining in my mind, Ata Lütfi Hoca looked at me with his eyes but did not say get up. I jumped with the excitement of getting to class in the presence of Ataturk, taking the meaning of lifting to class, I even remember that I buttoned my buttons on the road. I was at the beginning of the board. Atatürk asked, I answered. I don't remember what Ataturk asked at that moment, nor what I answered. Then I remembered. He asked me more questions than middle school students. For example, "what is the name, what is the name?" like. I answered too. I said before that I took Arabic lessons from my father. Atatürk was very pleased with the answers I gave to these questions, he stroked my hair and went. I could not imagine even kissing Atatürk's hand from my excitement. It seemed like a dungeon with Atatürk's exit. A sharp, piercing, colorful pair of eyes, the silhouette of the face and the red color of his hair were almost embroidered in my memory. I didn't see anything else. Atatürk's gaze and evil eye are still in my memory. I sat in my place, I fell in line. He's a pair of eyes and so I couldn't see anything else. My teacher Ata Lütfi came and said "How do you know the answer to these questions?" said. I said, "Excuse me, hodja, I don't remember the questions." Ata Lütfi Hodja scolded me, said "smuggle". You will answer when you come to Atatürk, you will not. I could not tell my teacher from some excitement that I could not remember the questions at that moment. After a short while, questions and answers came to my mind. After this incident that day, the manager called me and told me to call my father. My father was in Acıpayam at that time. I sent him news. He came, spoke to the manager and left. For a long time, I could not learn about what my father was talking to the manager. When I was a deputy, I went to Antalya to inspect. Yusuf Ziya Bey, our secondary school teacher and principal, was also living there. He retired from Antalya High School Directorate and was alive. I went to her visit. I learned from my father's visit in detail. After Atatürk left our class, he called the manager Yusuf Ziya Bey's father and asked him to look at the problem, if he would allow him to read it. When they told this to my father, my father said, "I can read my son for now, but if there is a period that I cannot read in the future, then I would be grateful to Pasha, and thank him for this move." Thus, Ataturk did not teach me. I finished secondary school in the current Denizli High School in 1932 where Turkey. Then high school was not opened in Denizli. "
^ Aydın Province (central Izmir) yearbook, 1330 year. İzmir 1331, p. 25
^ Dr. Baha Akşit," Acıpayam Mufti Mehmet Arif Akşit ". Yatağan Magazine, number 9 (1992), pp. 13-14 ^ Kicker Reviews of Turkey Stamp Era, an event, a Life: Dr. Baha Akşit, Nezahat (Keles) Belen, M.Sc. Thesis, p. 3 ^ Member of Turkey to mark a period, an Event, One Life: Dr. Baha Akşit, Nezahat (Keles) Belen, M.Sc., p. Vuran to Turkey Stamp ^ 4 Reviews One semester, an event, a Life: Dr. Baha Akşit, Nezahat (Keles) Belen, M.Sc., p. 5 Member ^ of Turkey to mark a period, an Event, One Life: Dr. Baha Akşit, Nezahat (Keles) Belen, M.Sc., p. 6 Member ^ of Turkey to mark a period, an Event, One Life: Dr. Baha Akşit, Nezahat (Keles) Belen, M.Sc., p. 7
^ to Turkey to mark a period, an Event, B i Life: Dr. Baha Akşit, Nezahat (Keles) Belen, M.Sc., pp. 8-9 Vuran the Member ^ Turkey Stamp Era, an event, a Life: Dr. Baha Akşit, Nezahat (Keleş) Belen, Master Thesis, p. Who Shot the 10 Member ^ Turkey Stamp Era, an event, a Life: Dr. Baha Akşit, Nezahat (Keleş) Belen, Master Thesis, p. 10-12 Reviews
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