422. Piyade Alayı

422. Piyade Alayı



422. Piyade Alayı'na bağlı askerler Marsilya'dan Charmois'ye hareket sırasında, 13 Ekim 1944'e kadar alayın tamamı Charmois'ya ulaştı ve 36. Piyade Tümeni'nin emrine girdi.

442. Piyade Alayı (İngilizce resmî adı: the 442nd Regimental Combat Team), II. Dünya Savaşı sırasında Amerika Birleşik Devletleri Kara Kuvvetleri'nde "Nisei" (Japon asıllı ikinci kuşakı)lerden oluşturulan askerî birim. ABD tarihinde en çok madalya kazanan askerî birim.

Konu başlıkları

  • 1 Arka plan
    • 1.1 Pearl Harbor
    • 1.2 Midway Muharebesi
  • 2 100. Piyade Taburu
    • 2.1 Muharebeler
  • 3 442. Alay
    • 3.1 Muharebeler
  • 4 Decorations
    • 4.1 Presidential Unit Citation
    • 4.2 Campaign medal
  • 5 Refarens
  • 6 Not
  • 7 Dış bağlantılar

Arka plan

Pearl Harbor

Midway Muharebesi

100. Piyade Taburu

Muharebeler

442. Alay

Muharebeler

Decorations

The 442nd RCT became the most decorated unit in U.S. military history for its size and length of service, with its component 100th Infantry Battalion earning the nickname “The Purple Heart Battalion”.[1] The 442nd RCT received 7 Presidential Unit Citations (5 earned in one month), and its members received 18,143 awards, including:

  • 21 Medals of Honor (the first awarded posthumously to Private First Class Sadao Munemori, Company A, 100th Battalion, for action near Seravezza, Italy, on April 5, 1945; the others upgraded from other awards in June 2000). Recipients include:
    • Barney F. Hajiro
    • Mikio Hasemoto
    • Joe Hayashi
    • Shizuya Hayashi
    • Daniel K. Inouye
    • Yeiki Kobashigawa
    • Robert T. Kuroda
    • Kaoru Moto
    • Sadao Munemori
    • Kiyoshi K. Muranaga
    • Masato Nakae
    • Shinyei Nakamine
    • William K. Nakamura
    • Joe M. Nishimoto
    • Allan M. Ohata
    • James K. Okubo
    • Yukio Okutsu
    • Frank H. Ono
    • Kazuo Otani
    • George T. Sakato
    • Ted T. Tanouye
  • 52 Distinguished Service Crosses (including 19 Distinguished Service Crosses which were upgraded to Medals of Honor in June 2000)
  • 1 Distinguished Service Medal
  • 560 Silver Stars (plus 28 Oak Leaf Clusters for a second award)
  • 22 Legion of Merit Medals
  • 15 Soldier’s Medals
  • 4,000 Bronze Stars (plus 1,200 Oak Leaf Clusters for a second award; one Bronze Star was upgraded to a Medal of Honor in June 2000. One Bronze Star was upgraded to a Silver Star in September 2009.)
  • 9,486 Purple Hearts

Presidential Unit Citation

  1. Belvedere
  2. Biffontaine
  3. Biffontaine
  4. Belmont
  5. Belmont
  6. Gothic Lines
  7. Vorges
  8. France & Italy

Campaign medal

  1. Napoles, Foggia
  2. Roma, Arno
  3. Southern France
  4. Rhineland
  5. Central Europe
  6. North Apennines
  7. Po Valley

Refarens

  • Masayo Umezawa Duus, Peter Duus, Unlikely Liberators: The Men of the 100th and 442nd, University of Hawaii Press, 1987, 9780824831400,
  • Pierre Moulin, Dachau, Holocaust, and US Samurais: Nisei Soldiers First in Dachau?, AuthorHouse, 2007, ISBN 9781425938017, pp. 126-127.
  • Wendy L. Ng, Japanese American internment during World War II: a history and reference guide, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002, ISBN 978-0-313-31375-2, pp. 66-67

Not

  1. ^ "Research On 100th/442nd Regimental Combat Team". National Japanese American Historical Society. http://www.njahs.org/research/442.html. Erişim tarihi: 2008-09-23. 

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